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Aristotle or a post-modern anti-hero? In On the Road Jack Kerouac produces what has become known as the archetypal Beat hero, Dean Moriaty. An analysis of whether he is closer to a traditional Aristotelian hero or to the postmodern anti-hero will reveal much about the often contradictory forces at work within the rhythms of Caring Great-Grandmother, fifties underground America, jazz, sex, generosity, chill dawns and drugs . . . (Holmes, 1957). Before discussing which Moriaty is closer to it will be necessary to briefly define both the traditional and the postmodern hero, identifying what they hold in common and what divides them. The traditional Aristotelian hero is a high-born man, normally royal or at least from the major, aristocracy who appears to be on top of the world at the beginning of his story. He has many advantages, both natural and acquired. He is For My Great-Grandmother Essay often successful, popular with others and sample apparently happy. The tragic hero normally has something that has been called the fatal flaw (Kaufmann, 1992). This flaw may be something he has no blame for, such as the heel that makes Achilles physically vulnerable, the jealousy that makes Othello emotionally vulnerable or the Caring For My Essay, introspection that makes Hamlet delay so long. This fatal flaw often leads, in one way or another, to the downfall of the tragic hero. So the traditional tragic hero falls from a high social position to disgrace and/or death through circumstance and through his supposed fatal flaw.

Aristotle said that his fate should inspire pity and fear within the audience (Aristotle, 2001). Pity for thank sample the fate of the individual tragic hero and fear that they might fall into a similar situation themselves. By contrast, the anti-hero is, according to the American Heritage Dictionary, a main character in a dramatic or narrative work who is characterized by a lack of traditional heroic qualities, such as idealism of courage (America, 1992). The world of these westerns does not have good and evil as could be identified by the white/black horses, the white/black cowboy hats and the handsome/ugly actors of the traditional Western. There are merely shades of darkness in the spaghetti western, and the same can be said for Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay most of the characters in On the should teens be tried, Road, set as it is within a world of constant wandering throughout America that is in some ways very similar to Great-Grandmother, a western. One of the most important facets of On the Human Activity and Energy Sources, Road is the fact that there are two main characters. First, there is Sal Paradise, the titular narrator of the novel that has been more or less associated with Kerouac himself; and Caring For My Great-Grandmother second, there is Dean Moriaty. The reader is rapidly and constantly drawn into views of Dean Moriaty. Sal describes him as simply a youth tremendously excited with life who possesses a kind of holy lightning . .. flashing from should his excitement and Great-Grandmother Essay his visions (Kerouac, 1957).

Later Dean is described as the holy con-man with the shining mind (Kerouac, 1957). So in the manner of both the hero and the anti-hero, Dean is a charismatic character who draws others to him through the teens be tried, sheer energy that he exudes and his apparent zest for everything life has to offer. But Dean is very low born. He is apparently the son of an alcoholic who was never really raised properly and who has had criminal propensities from Essay a very young age. Dean has been in prison for stealing cars. While traditional tragic heroes may commit the jane eyre, most serious of crimes (often murder) they are not normally criminal in a conventional sense. There is Caring Great-Grandmother something petty and hopeless about the kind of criminality that Dean Moriaty displays. But in the best tradition of the postmodern anti-hero, Dean has learned a lot about how to live from his incarceration. He states, with characteristic bluntness: Only a guy whos spent five years in jail can go to such maniacal helpless extremes . Eyre Author? . . prison is where you promise yourself the right to live. Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay? (Kerouac, 1957) So the anti-hero discovers himself through falling from grace, even if he probably did not have far to fall in Human Essay the first place. Rather than going to Caring For My Great-Grandmother, his death or languishing in the shame of his crimes he lives out the years of his imprisonment and then comes out to go on the road.

In one sense the sample, novel shows what might happen when the tragic hero has fallen, been transformed and emerged as a postmodern anti-hero. Dean does fall further however, especially as the For My Great-Grandmother, novel continues and the novelty of being free to do as he wishes starts to wear thin. Thus his abandonment of his wife and child are brought to his attention, indeed he is its ore confronted with it. Sal, ever the intelligent observer, states that where once Dean would have talked his way out, now he fell silent . . . he was BEAT (Kerouac, 1957). The protagonist of the novel goes through it performing decidedly un-heroic deeds such as this abandonment. He also expresses a constant and rather disturbing attraction for very young girls, often only 12 or 13, especially those who are prostitutes and thus totally vulnerable to Caring Great-Grandmother Essay, his desires. Near the end of the should be tried as adults, novel he actually abandons Sal as he lies sick in Great-Grandmother Mexico City. Ultimately Sal comes to see Dean in a very brutal light, oine that hardly meets any kind of definition other than a decidedly anti-hero: . . . when I got better I realized what a rat he was, but then I hadbto understand the impossible complexity of his life, how he had to. Jane Eyre? leave me there, sick, to get on Great-Grandmother Essay, with his wives and thank sample woes.b(Kerouac, 1957) (emphasis added) Dean is thus essentially a coward, and a lack of courage is never part of the character of a tragic hero, whatever other faults he may possess. But Sal, in characteristically postmodern fashion, does not blame Dean for his cowardice and being a rat. The postmodern condition is one in which there are no absolute standards of Caring Great-Grandmother, ethics and thus everything is more or less forgiven. It is the complexity of his life that Sal feels makes Dean constantly abandon people.

He is just another character who moves through an aimless world with little to concern him except an increasingly futile search for the inspector in an a purely hedonistic lifestyle. The constant traveling in the book makes Dean an anti-hero rather than a hero. While many tragic heroes travel (Aeschylus, Odysseus) they nearly always have some kind of Great-Grandmother, destination whether it be ethical or geographical, in jane mind. The characters of On the Road travel constantly, but with, to quote a popular song of the period no particular place to go. They travel for the sake of traveling. This aimless travel is a symbol for the lack of a higher ethical or religious structure within which to live.

The characters of On the Road are sure of nothing, except that, as Sal says at the end of the book nobody knows whats going to happen to anybody besides the forlorn rags of growing old (Kerouac, 1957). Dean moves from the West to the East to the West to the South . . . and on with a sense of rather melancholy endlessness. At the end of the novel Dean returns to Great-Grandmother, the West Coast on his own, and Sal ruminates upon the sad meaninglessness of life. While much has happened in sample the novel in some senses, in the classic, Aristotelian sense very little has occurred that will permanently change people. On the Road has no simple dramatic structure.

There is Caring Great-Grandmother Essay no climax and denouement. Rather it is a formless kind of you speech sample, a quest story in For My Great-Grandmother which the search is an end in itself. This endless quest give On the as adults, Road a post-modern structure. The characters are on Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay, an existential search for themselves that seems doomed to should teens, failure. Dean Moriaty is the archetypal post-modern anti-hero within this quest. He draws people to him, and they travel thousands of miles in order to Caring Great-Grandmother Essay, be a part of his wandering life. But when he loses interest in them he drops them with what appears to be a callous disregard for the consequences. But there is something heroic in his actions as he is at least being honest. Jane Eyre Author? He is being true to himself.

If that self much of the time is Great-Grandmother Essay cowardly, casually cruel, vaguely criminal and pedophilic in nature then he will still reveal it. Activity Sources Essay? To conclude, it seems clear that Dean Moriaty, the protagonist of For My Essay, On the Road is far nearer to a post-modern anti-hero than to a traditional, classical hero. How Is Extracted From? The world that he inhabits is one in which there is little meaning. It is an often dark, forbidding place in which the Cold War threatens nuclear missiles and in For My which a kind of jane eyre, despairing hedonism is the only course of For My Great-Grandmother Essay, action which seems relevant to most of the teens be tried, characters. They move around the country at an often dizzying rate, driving all night long for no apparent reason other than the fact they are moving. Romantic relationships are often little more than brief romantic liaisons and marriages are abandoned with the same disregard for consequences that the Essay, children that have come from them are thrown away. Dean Moriaty is a post-modern anti-hero, one that a myriad of similar figures have been more or less based upon in the fifty years since On the Road was first publish. American Heritage Dictionary, Dell, New York: 1992. Major Problems History? Aristotle, The Basic Works of Aristotle, Modern Library, New York: 2001. Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay? Holmes, Richard. On the Road Review. The Times, London: 1957.

Kaufmann, Walter. Tragedy and Philosophy. Princeton UP, New York: 1992. Be Tried? Kerouac, Jack. On the Road. Penguin, New York: 1957. Lawall, Greg. Apollonius Argonautica. Jason as Anti-Hero. For My Great-Grandmother? Yale Classical Studies.

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oil price essay Essay on lubricating oils for Caring For My Great-Grandmother, BMW motorcycles, engine oils. Clicking on should teens them at every visit helps support this website! Clicking on something inside an advertisement helps even more! Understanding how oils REALLY work/operate/function.

IN DEPTH discussion. LUBRICATION THEORY . as you've never heard before! What things you should consider in selecting oils, etc. Copyright 2007, 2014, 2016, 2017, R. Fleischer. Preface. The importance of proper engine oil: Most any engine oil will work reasonably well for the engine, but there are specific areas of the For My Essay engine that WILL BE damaged, and perhaps expensively, if the oil is not of proper quality and that means proper additives that are blended by the oil makers. The author's website, http://bmwmotorcycletech.info, contains several long article on present inspector how oil really works, what oil should be used, ETC. Certain specific ingredients in the engine oil are very much needed to avoid $$$ problems in your BMW Airhead motorcycle. THREE are critical. One of them is ZDDP (or ZDP).

The amounts have been DEcreased, over time, in Caring Great-Grandmother Essay accordance with API, SAE, and oil and auto manufacturer's changes. Your Airhead motorcycle REQUIRES this substance in a minimum (and maximum) amount, to avoid $$ spalling and how is extracted its ore other deterioration of the camshaft and cam follower surfaces. Another ingredient is needed to For My Great-Grandmother, be sure that under storage conditions, the cam and followers (and other items in major the engine) do not have the Caring Great-Grandmother Essay oil dripping off and should as adults leaving the metal unprotected at Caring engine startup. The final ingredient (of major importance) is that the amount of detergents (Increasingly higher in modern car oils) should not be excessive, as that defeats BOTH long term storage metal protection AND defeats the protection of in american history ZDDP. There are SEVERAL oil articles on this website. Great-Grandmother. They are generally in the section of articles 49 through 51D. You really DO need to read them ALL! Additives are put into base stock oils to help form better 'thin oil films', so the oil is not pounded-out by impact forces.

Actually, the oil can also be 'moved out' by rotating forces, that make the oil set up like ocean waves. Areas especially in need might be such as the small ends of the rods, when at top-dead-center. Very LITTLE engine wear is from dynamic friction . that is, from rotating, or constantly shearing movements. MOST wear is from jane eyre author transient loads, such as at the cam lobes; with moderate wear on other areas, . during COLD STARTUP; provided that the oil contains proper additives. Regarding cam lobes, the Airhead engine is of the Caring Great-Grandmother Essay type that professionals describe as having adverse slide-to-roll ratios, and of high loading. These types of engines are common to those of flat-type cam/rocker/follower systems, such as on should the old VW Beetle, the Porsche 356, early Corvette's, even the Caring For My Essay Ford Pinto. Owners of should be tried these types of vehicles are sometimes made aware of REAL engine failures ($$$) from wrong types of oils. Caring Essay. In particular camshaft and lifter wear. Today, modern car engines are so precisely designed and manufactured, that very light oils with no or limited ZDDP additives can be used (although other additives may be used, that do not interfere with catalytic converters). NOT SO with MANY earler engines. The BMW Airheads are MEDIUM-old technology.

The BMW Classic K bikes (K1, K75, K100, K1100, and some into major in american, K1200) are somewhat more modern. Special notes, regarding modern CAR oils IN CARS! . and comparison with Airheads. 2. Oil compounding is becoming more critical with engines with controlled camshaft timing. 3. The use of NON-top-tier gasoline causes problems with fuel injectors, and For My Essay carbon deposits that can, and will, produce driveability problems that are $$ to fix. How Is Extracted From Its Ore. For a list of distributors/refiners that sell Top Tier fuels, see: http://www.toptiergas.com/ Click around at the headings at the top. 4. More and more gasoline engines for Great-Grandmother Essay, cars are being manufactured with DIRECT cylinder fuel injection. This means the use of very high pressure pumps, often driven from lobes of the valves camshaft. Oil has become critical for iron, these engines. Further, the gasoline makeup and type of oil is MUCH more critical for deposits that affect driveability (surging, bucking, lousy start-up, poor cold running, lousy mileage. and more). It is DIFFICULT on many of these engines to clean-up the deposits. For My Essay. Chemicals may not work well, and $$$ disassembly and blasting with such as walnut shells, may be needed.

Removing and present the inspector in an calls replacing a head or two heads for this is NOT CHEAP. Use ONLY the brand, model, and grade, of engine oil and engine oil filter, that the car manufacturer has recommended. DO NOT DEVIATE, even if the oil retailer or container says it meets the specifications by the car manufacturer. If the car manufacturer has nothing about your proposed oil in its APPROVED oil and Essay filter literature, PASS on using it. As Adults. or, study-up some, and then decide. NOTE that these two additives are NOT in Great-Grandmother Essay all engine oils, and when they are, the concentrations vary . considerably!

ZDDP (zinc dialkyl-dithiophosphate) is a common anti-wear additive for use in mineral-based oils. IN THE ARTICLE THAT FOLLOWS, MY USE OF ZDDP CAN MEAN EITHER ZDDP OR ZDTP (AND THERE IS ANOTHER VERSION TOO), OR BOTH, OR ALL. Many premium motorcycle oils are produced with large percentages of synthetic components, and may well have quality additives that will last longer than the commonly accepted (and often WRONG!) 3,000 mile change intervals. It depends CONSIDERABLY on the 'quality' and amount of additives, and particularly how the motorcycle is should teens ridden . such as very short 3 mile trips in high humidity or cold weather perhaps . versus over 20 mile average trips. For My. Changing your oil too often is also, contrary to popular belief, not a great idea. You Speech. I know that sounds wrong . and Caring Essay the reasons are complex, so I won't get into how is iron extracted its ore, them here. If you do not believe, me, do some of your own research!

I will cite one SAE study, later in Caring For My Great-Grandmother this long article, to save you the trouble. There is also a POSSIBLE problem with the word synthetic. How Does The Inspector In An Inspector Calls. Due to For My Great-Grandmother Essay, a 'lawsuit' (not absolutely true, but best thought of as a lawsuit) won by Castrol (versus Mobil), a judge made a ruling (that even today should possibly be considered wrong, in MY opinion!). The judge ruled (my words here), that a highly refined petroleum oil, not REALLY a complete full-synthetic oil, can, if the manufacturer wished, be called synthetic. Because of eyre author this ruling, so-called part, or even full-synthetic oils, that are on the market may not truly be the highest quality REAL synthetic oils. Another problem is that there are several types of base synthetic lubricants, and they are NOT all of the same quality or characteristics! I will get into them later in this article. I personally have no problem with this synthetic or not really synthetic argument, if the resulting oil for your engine was equivalent in performance.

UNfortunately, they are NOT, usually, very close. Another problem is that, except for most of the specialty motorcycle oil makers (who are better at NOT changing good formulas), commonly available oils can have their formulas modified, without the oil makers telling you. The bottom-line, SIMPLIFIED, about synthetic oil, is that for Caring For My Essay, MOST PRACTICAL purposes, if they contain reasonable amounts of in american history ZDDP or ZDTP (for your AIRHEAD bike or other vehicle that really should have it), they are ALL likely going to be OK and For My Great-Grandmother you CAN go further than you may think before needing an oil change. Some will burn off faster at the beginning, and that costs-you; but you will probably overlook this. Human Activity Sources. What you MUST look out for is that the Great-Grandmother Essay oils must be OK for YOUR particular motorcycle. Essay. Oil is Caring Essay much more critical for Airheads, as far as scuffing and should be tried as adults lubrication goes. HOWEVER, FOR THE CLASSIC K BIKES, USE OF THE PROPER OIL, A FULL SYNTHETIC, IS VERY LIKELY TO GREATLY EXTEND THE LIFE OF THE STARTER MOTOR SPRAG CLUTCH, WHICH IS BURIED DEEP INTO THE ENGINE AREA, AND IS VERY COSTLY TO REPLACE (the labor alone is $$$$). Modern car oils are typically energy saving (and so marketed and marked), are usually in thin grades such as 0W30 and 5W30, . and Great-Grandmother Essay NO Energy Saving oil, of ANY viscosity, is fully compatible with your Airhead, and not all that good for your K bike either. More information is in iron extracted my my http://bmwmotorcycletech.info/viscosity.htm article, particularly near the end, where I list ZDDP levels. From this point onwards in this article things will generally be more technical.

Here is what really happens: The fluid (OIL) splits into Caring For My Essay, layers. The top layer sticks to the surface, bottom layer sticks to how does the inspector in an, the lower surface, and each successive layer travels at a lower speed, which shears the For My Great-Grandmother layers on either side. Oil film is what does the present the inspector inspector lubricating (not absolutely true on a REAL engineering basis, but good enough for us, here). There are several types of 'oil films'. The hydrodynamic film is only perhaps 0.001 thick in a 1 inch bearing. Surfaces are kept apart by several functions, one of which is the hydrostatic function which is primarily from For My Great-Grandmother Essay oil pressure from the present calls oil pump. Thus, ONE of the purposes of the oil pump is to provide the 'keep the surfaces apart oil pressure' inside the bearing, etc. This is critical when there are slow heavy loads and For My Great-Grandmother thusly for the starting up of the engine.

Please be sure to read this small paragraph again . Activity And Energy. oil slipperiness is not really involved! If you jump to the conclusion that poor oil pump pressure (or, same effect, from For My Essay excessive bearing wear clearances) can cause problems . you would be correct. BMW is Essay hardly the Caring Essay only company having starter motor clutch problems. The common Honda Gold Wing used what amounts to major problems in american history, fat rollers or roller bearings if you wish, to provide a one-way clutch, and they have a habit of gumming up from Caring For My oil residue varnishes, etc. An expensive repair job, sometimes fixed by using high detergent oils or additives for awhile. BMW K bike starter sprag clutch problems results in a high cost repair job, and the same high detergent additive routine may work here. The full-synthetic oils, particularly certain types, are quite good at preventing these costly repairs. Classification of types of major problems history lubricating base oils: This particular section was plagiarized from several combined internet articles, and then highly edited by me.

There is also a large amount of my own material here. Since it is all intermingled, I claim NO copyright for this particular section. Essay. Further, I can't attribute to you speech, various authors either because of my extensive editing. The American Petroleum Institute (API) classifies base oils under five categories. These categories help identify base stocks in finished oil formulations to ensure that engine oil performance demands are met. Group V: These specialized base oils, with few exceptions, are chemically engineered stocks that do not fall into Great-Grandmother, any of the categories previously mentioned. Typical examples of Group V stocks are esters, polyglycols and silicone. This group comprises all synthetic oils other than PAO's. A short list includes: Esters such as Polyolesters (Neopentyl Polyolesters, Diesters (Dibasic acid esters); various Alkylated Aromatics, PAG's (poly Glycol/various Glycol's), Silicones etc. This group of Activity Sources Essay synthetics is primarily used for various industrial and Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay aviation applications. Polyolesters are most commonly used for turbine and aviation applications.

They are very thermally stable and ideally suited for very high temperature use. Hence their use in jane author such things as high temperature greases, jet engines and gas turbines. They have a very low coefficient of Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay friction and are sometimes added in small amounts to mineral oils and synthetic oils to lower the coefficient of friction of the Activity Essay finished product. Diesters are most commonly used in aviation and industrial compressor applications because of the tremendous anti-scuffing protection they offer. They are often added in small amounts to PAO-based two-cycle oils as this feature is For My Essay very beneficial to a two-cycle motor oil. Diesters are shear stable, have good lubricity, detergency and Essay are polar. meaning they have an For My Great-Grandmother Essay, electrical charge that causes them to cling to metal surfaces. THAT is a desirable trait for most lubricants. You Speech. Diesters are not compatible with all seal materials as they can cause excess swelling of many common seal materials. For My Essay. Because of this they are often added in major problems in american small amounts to For My Great-Grandmother, automotive PAO based oils to you speech, provide positive seal function. Silicones offer wide temperature performance and are sometimes used in compressor applications although this use has fallen out of Caring Great-Grandmother favor in recent years. More often it can be found in Human Activity and Energy Essay high performance automotive braking systems these days.

I HIGHLY suggest you do NOT use DOT5 silicone brake fluids. A discussion of why is in the brake and chemicals articles. Terms and words used in Essay the petroleum industry, to sample, which you possibly have been exposed-to, are not very descriptive to laypersons, and I am going to Caring For My Essay, mention some of Human Activity these terms briefly here, and if you are interested in a more in-depth discussion, simply do a search by any common search engine, such as Google's. Aromatics means the molecules are what is Caring called Alkyl Benzenes. Naphthenes are Paraffins in a RING form of molecules. MOST synthetic oils are made by Polymerizing short chain alpha-olefin hydrocarbons, which then are changed to longer chain types called PAO's. These have molecules with vastly less variables than if made from crude oils directly. although chemically they are similar in many respects. Why Choose Synthetic Lubricants? One must be very cautious about using the various Group IV and V oils; they may not be compatible with seals in some vehicles, and as seals are usually made by more than one manufacturer, the seal material may not be necessarily compatible with an and Energy Sources Essay, oil even though the Caring Great-Grandmother seal has the SAME part number. Still, these are usually THE best performing oils. More. for the even more technically-minded, lots of nerdy stuff too . on oil functioning . here I get into how lubrication really works, and lots more.

Looking at extremely tiny irregularities in Activity Sources Essay as-machined and broken-in surfaces, a LOW viscosity oil allows the oil to For My Great-Grandmother, creep into very small microscopic areas. As the Human and Energy Essay load increases, the oil is Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay squeezed between the parts and dynamically increases the oil viscosity; which allows higher load carrying. This is why a very thin oil can work so well in modern cars designed for how does present the inspector inspector calls, it (including small clearances). This is why a 10W30 or a 5W30 or even 0W-30, all being very popular or SPECIFIED today for Caring For My, cars, works so well in modern cars (which don't have flat tappet designs, another story), and modern engines last so long (precise machining, proper selection of compatible materials, expert design for lubrication, improved oils, etc.). It is also, in how is from its ore an oblique way, the reason old Harley's had very thick oil specified. I'm NOT putting Harley down here, just telling real facts. One could say the same thing about many old engine designs. . and some of this applies to flat tappet old performance cars, Porsche boxer engines, and Great-Grandmother Essay so on (and Airheads) . as I described earlier herein. Oil wedging is a fundamental principle.

I will begin by discussing a rotating crankshaft; a crank journal, and a conrod big end. The spinning crankshaft does not have equal pressures all around any given bearing surface, as the pressures are not equal over its 360 rotation due to when the piston pushes (and pulls) on the rod. In the bearing area itself, the parts are ever-so-small eccentric to each other . or egg shaped, or however you want to visualize this within that tiny perhaps 0.001 bearing clearance. This clearance is how is extracted from NOT necessarily the MEASURED parts clearance, but the For My dynamic clearance . more or less. Getting deeper into how thin oil films work (perhaps, in the molecular region) is way too nerdy for even this article. It would get into teens as adults, what is really meant by Essay, oiliness, adsorption, more on hydrodynamic lubrication, how the film can be penetrated, and so on. When I studied this sort of stuff, I kept my notes; and my industry information, and they, mostly typewritten on both sides of the paper, are inches thick. And Energy. Lubrication is Caring For My a VERY complex subject, AND . it is still evolving. I'll make it simpler from here on. (at least in THIS article).

So, what's this ZDDP stuff all about? ZDDP (or ZDTP) is important for BMW Airhead engines. ALL ZDDP is NOT the same. You Speech. Zinc dialkyldithiophosphate is both an antioxidant (you almost never hear about THAT) and For My Great-Grandmother Essay an antiwear agent, and most formulations are somewhat volatile to eyre, a bit too volatile. As the oil standards specified by car makers and the SAE went from lower to higher letters (SG to SM, as example), the For My Great-Grandmother Essay oils had less ZDDP. Newer standards reduced sulfated ash, phosphorous, sulfur, and, of course, zinc. Jane Author. The reduction in zinc was to keep $$$ catalytic converters from being contaminated . which reduces or eliminates their prime function.

The other reductions were to lengthen the lifetime for the Oxygen Sensors on modern cars and bikes. Think about what I just said about Great-Grandmother Essay oxygen sensors. You DO know that your K1100, etc., has one? Yes, that means you do not want a high ZDDP level for K bike oils, but you need SOME on the earliest of the K bikes (1983-1986) due to their design, which was changed in a few areas, and present the inspector inspector not really advertised as such for lubrication purpose. Caring Great-Grandmother Essay. Thus, use of ZDDP and ZDTP in K bike oils is a trade-off.

I suggest medium-high levels for how is iron extracted from its ore, a very early Classic K bike. Most SM oils still contain some ZDDP, but in a less volatile formulation. This prolongs cat converter life, but still provides some anti-wear protection for engines with what is called high slide-to-roll ratios. So, just as a hint, if your SM oil does contain ZDDP, then it MIGHT be OK, contrary to even BMW recommendations . but you need to Great-Grandmother, KNOW. Getting the information, which includes the ZDDP concentration, is very UNlikely to be from reading the container printing. Oil drain intervals, etc: I have mentioned how NOT changing oils TOO often is better . How Does Priestley Present The Inspector In An. well, some, in total disbelief, have asked for proof of Snowbum's crazy ideas . So, I say, briefly: Oils, if properly filtered, can IMPROVE in some characteristics, as SOME miles pile up, and changing oil too often is NOT a good idea.

One idea you might ponder upon (a tiny bit) is whether or not the oil manufacturers add too much of some additive, because they know it will be degraded over time and miles. Caring For My Essay. For just one of a number of articles on this subject: http://papers.sae.org/2007-01-4133/ Obviously, there are limits. Viscosity improvers may be depleted too soon, if you extend oil changes too far. That means that 20W50 oil for your Airhead might be something else besides a 20W50, after enough miles. Activity And Energy. If you had a motorcycle with the GEARBOX being lubricated by the engine oil, things can be much worse for the oil, as the Caring gears WILL shear the longer-chain-molecules of the oil. How Does Present The Inspector In An Calls. This changes the viscosity, but also has not pleasant effects on other oil qualities. Such bikes should have the For My oil changed more often, see your owner's booklet. Luckily, BMW Airheads and Classic K bikes have separate engine and gearbox oils. However, SOME oil shearing does occur on these bikes.

If you are going on longer rides, say over 40 miles in eyre mild weather, and most of your riding is on Caring such longer rides, and seldom quite short ones, you can likely SAFELY EXTEND oil changes. In some instances even two years and 10,000 miles, but this would be about the LIMIT, under very best conditions, and would be for a Motorcycle specific, High Quality, FULL synthetic oil. Thank You Speech. For a high quality part-synthetic, such as Golden Spectro 4 in 20W50 or 10W40 grades, I advise changing oil at not over 1 year and 5000 miles, but SOME riders might be able to go a bit longer and to Caring, 8000. See article 51B. Multiweight (multi-grade) oils are now vastly better than old-time single weight oils, for a variety of reasons. Multiweight oils are typically manufactured using pour-point depressants to THIN the priestley present in an base oil . so it flows and pumps easily when cold. They also add viscosity improvers to thicken the oil at higher temperatures. Essay. There are limits to this sort of thing, and it is tricky to make a quality oil that covers the SAE range of 10W50, and even 10W40, for DINO oils . and easier to do this type of oil compounding with part-synthetics or full-synthetics . Eyre Author. which, naturally, cost more. Even back as little as.

1990, to Caring, get a good 10W40 oil was difficult (the standard was 10W30 for cars); today we have SOME 10W50 oils that are fairly good. The Inspector In An Calls. NOTE that turbocharged cars often have very strict requirements for oil change intervals, and type of Great-Grandmother oils. Think about this . ask yourself WHY! Do you now see why the use of proper oil and change interval for an AIRHEAD, is important? Very Specific Oil Recommendations . COMMENTS . For AIRHEADS:

General notes for the above section: Do NOT use cheap energy saving (so marked, and probably have starburst symbol) car oils in your motorcycle, particularly NOT in author Airheads. You CAN use them in an emergency. ***Fully synthetic oils may not allow your Airhead lifters (cam followers) to properly rotate!! I have NO direct experience! But, this bit of For My Great-Grandmother Essay esoterica is ONE of the three reasons I have NOT fully recommended full-synthetic oils for Airheads, unless conditions warrant. I believe the oils I have recommended, above, are OK in this regard.

Classic K bike engine oil recommendations: This applies to K1, K75, K100, K1100, K1200. Use BMW premium oil filters in your Airhead. Use the eyre author two-part hinged filter if you can. The K bike can safely use all sorts of Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay filters, I use BMW branded ones, you don't have to on the K bikes. The K bike filter is upside down, so there is no need for a drain-back valve in its filter. NOTE: I do NOT like ANY FRAM oil filters. YES, there IS a reason to how does present in an inspector, also NOT use K N AIR filters! ZINC. ZDDP.

ZDTP; 'special' break-in oils, etc. Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay. expanded section. Just what really is ZDDP. Major Problems In American History. ETC. Yes, it is true, that that ZDDP has excellent anti-scuff properties. It was considerably later than ZDDP's introduction that it came into wide use for anti-scuffing. For My Essay. In the Human and Energy Essay 1960s, high performance flat-tappet camshafts were common. It was found that a zinc level of 0.07% was very helpful.

Back in Great-Grandmother Essay the 1960s, all new camshafts were generally phosphate-coated, and major in american history together with the ZDDP in the engine oil, the brand-new camshafts and lifters were protected from premature wear, particularly during the critical break-in period. As engines became more powerful, and pressures on For My Great-Grandmother Essay parts increased, the level of jane eyre zinc was increased to 0.09%. Oils changed too, becoming much more complex, and additives for friction modifications, antioxidants, detergents, etc., became common and more sophisticated. Fuel economy began to be of some concern, and the zinc content was continually increased, with premium and Caring For My super-premium oils commonly having as much as 0.2% . into problems history, the 1980s and 1990s. ZDDP or ZDTP is also helpful for K bike engines, but particularly the very earliest ones, which had some places with different metallurgy, such as different cam characteristics, etc. For My Essay. FEW know about you speech sample that, for the K100.

ZDDP protects valve tips and pushrod tips. Anyplace where galling and scuffing problems can exist, ZDDP is usually quite beneficial. However, excessive amounts of ZDDP are not a good thing for such as a water-cooled BMW K bike engine, and all the Airheads. It is not zinc, but phosphorus content that is the biggest item of importance in Caring For My ZDDP, as far as wear goes. The SAE has published a well-known chart (to for engineers) on the effect of differing loads versus phosphorus levels (there are other charts, zinc, etc. . not important right here). Most of these types of how does inspector calls charts (there are a lot of them) are presented as lifter loads, in pounds, versus ZDDP or Phosphorus, and the criteria is scuffing of parts. What is interesting about the Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay charts is that the curve is NOT linear, particularly so at LOWER concentrations of major problems history phosphorus.

At lower loadings, only a concentration of maybe 0.03% is needed. At higher loadings. Caring For My Essay. which occurs with high lift cams or high pressures or both (easier to think of high performance engines) . concentrations of 0.08% are needed. Human Activity Sources Essay. What is needed means that MORE than that amount is required, due to burn-off of the additives, and for a safety factor. Additives cost more than the oil stock does. You can read into THAT quite a lot! You can also think about the Caring Essay fact that it takes ZINC to establish the proper glass layer from the phosphorus (Phosphates), and be tried as adults ZINC is bad for cat converters . so oil mfrs make compromises, that are not necessarily good for your Airhead bike!

ZDDP amounts have been reduced every now and then in Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay car engine oils, now ZDDP is almost completely eliminated. That is because the major additive contaminated the $$$ catalytic converters. At the early stages of reductions, phosphorus limits were lowered to 0.10%, and zinc levels were dropped also . Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay. but quite long ago. In 2004 came the so-called Tier 2 emissions standards, and OEM warranties changed to 10 years or 100K miles, and phosphorus dropped again, to 0.08% . and zinc went down to 0.09%. The levels are much lower now . or, gone.

There is no question that, for newer generation car engines, modern oils are all that is the inspector inspector calls needed. Great-Grandmother Essay. These oils and the more precise automated machining and improved metallurgy, various alloys, improved cooling, etc., are a big part of why car engines can last 250K+ miles these days. Thank You Speech. It is also the Caring For My Great-Grandmother reason that high mileages can be obtained on the Classic K bike engines, which contain a lot of the newer technologies. Establishing protective layers or very hard layers, on cams and followers, is dealt with by many small changes in modern engines. The result allows break-in of the cam and jane eyre followers and other parts, when brand-new, without needing ZDDP. For most Airhead owners, that is hardly the problem, since their engine's parts were long-ago broken in, hopefully on ZDDP oils. BUT, the zinc (and phosphorus) are needed continuously in Airheads; and if the Great-Grandmother Essay cam, etc. , was NOT heat treated well-enough, or perhaps not broken in on thank sample a proper oil . deterioration will begin, sometimes rapidly, when using the wrong oil. Caring Great-Grandmother. I have PERSONALLY witnessed oil failures in this area of the Airhead engines.

High valve spring loads compound problems. In a nutshell, EPA regulations, SAE and engine makers and car makers have all 'conspired' against the type of oil YOU NEED for your Airhead. Luckily such oils are still available. There is priestley present the inspector some information on oils, with the Caring Essay heading title of Information on acceptable engine oils: in how is iron extracted this linked article: http://bmwmotorcycletech.info/oilcansimple. I suggest you either stop here read just that section in that article then resume here, or make a note to read it after finishing this article, below. Some, particularly in racing or maybe just overly nerdy street vehicle owners who own old vehicles, may use a dedicated break-in oil with a ZDDP additive; they may also have used a coating on the cam, etc., during assembly, for extra protection at first start-up. For My Great-Grandmother. I have been asked about this subject, so thought I would put the asked-for information here. Major Problems. A non-detergent break-in oil could be a straight 30W or a 10W30, you could add a ZDDP additive. You do not have to do that. Do you need, or should you use, these above super-special oils: Probably NOT. 800 or 900 is not nearly enough.

Transmission, driveshaft, rear drive oils: There is Great-Grandmother Essay ONE BRONZE, not brass, shim in the rear drives in in american the Airheads. For My. BMW specified a GL5 oil. BMW knew what is correct, and I agree. GL5 NOT GL4! in teens be tried ALL AIRHEADS. 800 cc total oil). If you have problems shifting, try it for a thousand miles or so, see if it helps.

If not, you have other problems. It may increase the lifetime for Caring Great-Grandmother, the bearings, etc. And Energy Sources Essay. ABSOLUTELY DO NOT use the Dow M product with synthetic oils, and DO NOT increase the Great-Grandmother dose! For the problems rear drive, you can use about 2%. Here is a link to Caring Essay, an article about oils, especially for motorcycles, and Activity Essay it has some different, and interesting, viewpoints. It's a bit long, but worth the For My read, and you may well like the method of presenting the information. To all of you out there reading this hugely long article: It is all YOUR choice. I have only jane eyre author tried to inform. Believe what you want. You will do that anyway. 01/25/2007: slight revisions and Caring For My editing for eyre, clarity.

Remove poor formatting. 01/22/2008: edit slightly for clarity. 07/12/2008: minor clarifications. 07/14/2008: more clarifications. 02/27/2009: Added addendum #1, make minor corrections otherwise, in line with changes by SAE, etc. 03/09/2009: Final release, includes some changes in line with the latest oils available. 11/16/2009: Add last section.

01/21/2010: minor updates and clarifications; add script to Caring For My, code. 04/21/2010: Add to section on ZDDP. 06/18/2010: Updated airhead oil recommendations to include caveat on Mobil 1 V-Twin oil; changed the should be tried as adults commentary slightly for Caring For My Great-Grandmother, the Spectro GS4 20W50. 09/01/2010: added hyperlink to how does priestley inspector, SAE article. 11/12/2010: slight updating, mostly for Caring For My Great-Grandmother, clarity and how does present poor grammar. 11/18/2010: add ppm of Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay zinc for 4T oil. 02/24/2011: was 52C. 04/10/2011: Fix K N article internal hyperlink and clean up entire article SOME. 08/03/2012: Get much deeper into synthetics, etc. 10/12/2012: revise layout; add QR code; add language code; update Google Ad-Sense code; update article contents; language button removed later on.

11/05/2013: Clean up article. still is messy. clarify a few details. 03/03/2014: Revise article for clarity; add Ph and Z info on Delo, etc. 07/16/2014: Minor additions, no revisions. 09/03/2014: Clarify some areas; do a further cleanup on 09/07/2014 finish on sample 09/24/2014. 12/26/2014: Add lengthy note near top about modern car engines needed oils filters. Eliminate some font sizes, add minor notes corrections. 04/03/2015: Add simplified section. 05/01/2015: Update article. 03/10/2016: Update layout, eliminate duplications, update metacodes, format, clarify details. 09/25/2016: Update scripts, html, metacodes, slight changes in Caring layout/fonts/etc. Improve details in section on transmission, rear drive, driveshaft oils.

05/31/2017: Reduce colors and how does in an fonts, minor text changes for clarity. Slight updates on zddp amounts per latest mfr information and testing.

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100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for Caring Essay over 20 years. How Does Priestley Inspector! She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Examine why something has happened or exists. Speculate about what caused the situation.

Examine the results of an event, choice, or situation. Trace the start of a situation to Caring Great-Grandmother, a discussion of its results. Here's how you can use the following topic ideas to write an Activity Sources Essay essay: Reword the question to fit your assignment. Use a question for your topic idea helps keep you organized. Use the For My Great-Grandmother question for your title or put it right before your topic sentence. Teens Be Tried! The answer to the question is your thesis. Simple! What causes divorce? What is the effect of Caring Great-Grandmother Essay divorce on children?

Does the age of the child make a difference? How does the divorce of parents affect the dating and you speech, marriage relationships of Caring For My Essay their children? What is the effect of long distance on Activity Sources relationships? How does living together before being married affect a relationship? What causes men to For My Essay, be afraid of commitment? What effect has the feminist movement had on men's and women's views of dating? What causes some women to repeatedly get involved in destructive relationships? What effect does having an abortion have on a dating relationship?

What causes children to rebel against their parents? What effect has social media had on family relationships? What causes sibling rivalry? What effect does birth order have on personality (or career)? What effect does a happy and thank sample, fulfilling marriage have on Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay a person's health? Does going to major, college cause people to have better marriages? What is the effect of grandparents raising a child? What causes teenagers to become sexually active?

How does a girl's relationship with her dad affect her relationship with other men? What is the effect of growing up in For My a single-parent household? What is the effect of being a twin? What the effect has China's one child had on should be tried as adults family relationships? How will the new two child policy change family dynamics? What are the effects on children when their parents are very wealthy or very famous? What causes parents to over-schedule their children's activities? (Or what is the effect of over-scheduling on the child?) What causes a family to Great-Grandmother Essay, have close relationships?

What is the effect of family vacations on family relationships? Why are more children poor than any other group? What causes poverty in the U.S.? What are the jane author effects of growing up in Caring Essay poverty? What causes homelessness?

What effect does growing up with food insecurity have on children? What has caused the increase in international adoption in Western countries? What is the effect on children (or adults) of watching news reports of natural disasters, terrorist strikes, sexual predators, and other fearful situations? What effect do non-profit organizations (perhaps pick a particular one) have on social problems? What is the effect of more baby boomers reaching retirement age?

What is the major problems history cause of men still out-earning women in wages? What is the effect? What is the effect of religious oppression on a society (perhaps pick a particular country or religion)? What are the causes of poor water quality for many people around the Great-Grandmother world? What is the effect of iron from people not having shoes to wear? What are the effects of inadequate sanitation on For My Essay a community? What is the cause (or effect) of continued discrimination and how does the inspector in an calls, racism? What causes people with disabilities to be unable to Caring Great-Grandmother Essay, get jobs? What is the effect on major problems in american history children of growing up in poverty? What has caused the dramatic rise in overweight and obese adults in Caring the U.S. in the last ten years? What will be the Human and Energy Essay effects of this rise in obesity on the healthcare system?

What causes the Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay increasing number of children affected by Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What effect does lack of adequate medical insurance have on major in american an individual's health? What causes people to not go to the doctor when they have medical problems? What effect does not finishing a prescription medication have on future health? What is the cause (or the effect) of people not getting their children vaccinated? What causes the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa? What is the effect of climate change on infectious medical diseases?

What is the effect of globalization on For My Great-Grandmother Essay the spread of disease? What causes some diseases like malaria or HIV to be so difficult to eradicate? What effect does stress have on health? What effect has cancer research had on stopping cancer deaths? What causes people to get cancer? What causes pancreatic cancer to be so deadly?

What has caused cancer to be so difficult to cure? What causes people to seek non-Western medical cures like traditional Chinese medicine or herbal supplements? What is the effect of abortion(s) on a woman's subsequent reproductive health? What effect does birth control have on how is iron extracted from its ore women? What effect do regular dental check-ups have on oral health? What causes people to go blind? What causes people to develop allergies? What effect does an increased use of technology have on Great-Grandmother health? What causes cardiovascular disease? What effect does exercise have on the body?

What causes people to make healthy living choices? What causes so many healthcare providers to be overweight? What are the social effects of having braces on teeth? What effect does cell phone use have on thank you speech sample teenagers? What causes families to buy unlimited cell phone plans? What are the effects of violent video games on young children or teenagers?

What effects does playing video games cause in the brains of elderly people? Does online shopping cause people to spend more money? What effect does social media have on teen relationships? What are the causes (or effects) of cyber bullying? What causes social media sites to lose popularity? What are the effects of Great-Grandmother Essay picture and how does priestley, video-based social media sites like Snapchat or Instagram on teenage social interaction? What causes a video game to be popular? What effect does moving away from computers and towards tablets and smartphones have on how we browse the Internet? What effect does typing on For My Great-Grandmother a screen rather than a keyboard have on major in american history how people communicate? What causes Google to be the most popular search engine? What are the For My Essay social effects of everyone on the planet having cell phones?

How have smartphones affected business practices? How does standardized testing affect student dropout rates? What effect does being labeled gifted and talented have on students? What effect does being identified as having dyslexia or ADHD have on a child? What causes students to Human Activity and Energy Essay, think school is boring? Does using technology like iPads or smartboards in For My classrooms cause students to learn better?

What is the jane effect on Caring For My learning when students do most of their work reading from a computer or tablet rather than paper and books? What are the effects of homeschooling on children? (Or what are the social effects?) What effect have magnet or charter schools had on Sources Essay the educational system in your town or state? How do school programs against bullying affect the actual bullying and fears of For My Great-Grandmother students? Do single-sex classrooms cause students to learn better? What are the positive and negative effects of having school uniforms? What is the effect of having an eyre open high school campus? What is the effect on the education of students when a district has year-round schooling? What causes teachers to burn out? What causes some schools to fail to educate students? What causes American students to lag behind students from other countries on For My Essay international tests?

What effect do fine arts have on students? What effect does a good physical education program have on elementary school students? What effect do longer school days have on Human Activity Sources a school's educational outcomes? What effect does parent involvement in For My schools have on education? What caused the Civil War? What are the continuing effects of slavery on American society? What was the cause of the increasing interest in feminism in the 1960s and 1970s?

How were WWII veterans affected by their wartime experiences? What effect did WWII have on the Jewish people? What effect did Christianity have on the Roman empire? What caused the Arab Spring? What are the effects of the Arab Spring? What effect has the GI Bill, which educates soldiers, had on universities in the U.S.? What was the effect of colonialism on extracted from Britain's view of itself? What were the causes and effects of colonialism? In the viewpoint of the British, what were the causes and effects of the American Revolution? What causes the drug wars in Colombia? What causes illegal immigration?

What are the effects of immigration on a country (pick any country)? What is the effect of Great-Grandmother online sales on businesses (in any country)? What was the effect of the printing press (or other invention) on world history? What are the effects of globalization on the position of women? What are the effects of American drone attacks on terrorists and civilians? What was the jane author cause of the destruction of the World Trade Center on 9/11? What is the cause of increased militancy on Essay the part of North Korea? by jane author Josh Wilmoth 0. by Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. 100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 10. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by For My Great-Grandmother Essay Laura Writes 40.

This was great for me because I had to problems in american, write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You! Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from For My Essay United States. Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. How Is Extracted Its Ore! I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. I have traveled in China four different times and love your country very much! I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot. Thank you ! this is a great sight for my informational reading and writing class its good.

Hi thanks for Caring Great-Grandmother helping me. these topics are really good.. i used some of these topics for my projects and got great marks.. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in major problems 7th grade. hubber8893 18 months ago. I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about relationships. Hugh Johnson 18 months ago. These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Thanks for your LARGE ammount of Caring For My Great-Grandmother tips. These topics really helped me for school. Ruby 18 months ago from United States.

Creative idea for a hub, what was your case and effect for making it lol. WOW this is super great to major, look up stuff for an assignment. Awesome topics thanks a million. Dwight Goliday Jr 23 months ago from East Saint Louis. Wow. There are a lot things that cause and effect.

Very informative write. Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. Great-Grandmother Essay! My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over 2000 views one day last week!

This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work! Zakeycia Dickens 23 months ago. I have a cause and teens, effect essay to type for Essay my English class. Major Problems! I was having a hard time coming up with a topic.

Your website and topic suggestions were very helpful. Thank you. Caring Great-Grandmother! Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago. Thanks. Great topics. Human And Energy Sources Essay! James Packard 2 years ago from Columbia, Missouri. What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics. They are good to write about to do research and clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and also spark very needed discussion.

Thanks for For My Great-Grandmother Essay sharing. Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 2 years ago from New York, NY. I love this one, VirginiaLynne. Your hubs are so valuable to students and professional writers. Cause and effect papers are among the most interesting to read. I voted this hub up, useful, and interesting. I am bookmarking this hub for future reference. Jane Author! I know I'll be using it! Keep up the excellent work here. Marilyn L Davis 2 years ago from Georgia.

Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories. Well done. For My! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. How Is Iron! Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means to produce an effect upon as well as to For My Great-Grandmother, influence. I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an error.

Thanks! Gertrude McFuzz 2 years ago. These are great topics. Activity And Energy Essay! I just have one comment. Sometimes you use effect when you should use affect. affect = influence - usually a verb. effect= result - usually a noun. effect= cause - not used that often - verb.

Shamim Rajabali 3 years ago from Texas. Caring! This will come in handy for my English class. Thanks. I Love it very much. rakesh ranjana 3 years ago. Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in and Energy Essay many ways for Caring Essay people to understand there relationship and social problems. Great hub!

I like your ideas, it is should teens as adults, something different innovative. Vote up! Thanks! This is helpful. Vote up. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.

Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is Caring, used by most American colleges in their English departments. However, you are very right to teens be tried, point out that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is Caring For My Great-Grandmother, sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the start of the situation. Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. Sometimes it is hard to pull them apart. That is why I usually like to call this a speculating about causes essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and argue for the most important causes, or the how does priestley the inspector inspector most important effects that we see in a situation. Sumner Swett 3 years ago from Owls Head Maine. Okay so cause and Essay, effect essays are written in jane eyre author different formats, but let me say in Caring For My Great-Grandmother my college profession for the essays to problems, be written were to be in APA format, and it is interesting when researching and writing whether it is from Caring For My information you have researched or if it free lance. I like to research topics before writing and sample, also note taking is effective.

The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into consideration to the cause as we all know it. Kimberly Lake 3 years ago from California. Great-Grandmother! Great topics! Voted up and shared. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and in american history, other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by making them think that they don't need to work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on Caring everything, they have failed. Seth Tomko 3 years ago from Macon, GA. A good and diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to have my students check out some of these for their own essays.

Annie Miller 4 years ago from Wichita Falls, Texas. Very interesting and in the inspector in an inspector calls depth Hub. I am passing this along and saving it, as well! Chris Achilleos 4 years ago. For My Great-Grandmother Essay! Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent. Thank you for author sharing. Voted up and useful! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. Thanks so much Carol! You are always an Caring Essay encouragement. carol stanley 4 years ago from and Energy Sources Arizona.

This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Caring For My! Great hub. Going to pass this along and of course vote up. Jane Author! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.

HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and For My Essay, respective owners.

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essays about truth From Baconiana, October 1909. In the midst of the For My Great-Grandmother sun is the light, in the midst of light is truth, and in the midst of truth is the imperishable Being.--The Vedas. The first creature of thank, God, in the work of the days, was the For My Great-Grandmother light of the senses, the last was the light of reason; and His Sabbath work ever since is the illumination of His Spirit. -- From Of Truth by Francis Bacon. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I unto the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth My voice. Pilate saith unto Him, What is truth?--Gospel of St. Sample. John, chap. Caring For My. xviii., verse. How Does Priestley Present. 37, 38.

I t is Caring Essay, very important to observe that Bacon's essay Of Truth occupies the first or foremost place in the collection. Also that this essay opens and concludes with the allusion to our Savior, who was the Way, the Truth, and the Life. Bacon commences with the words What is truth? said jesting Pilate, and would not stay for an answer. And the how does priestley essay ends with the words, Surely the wickedness of falsehood and breach of faith cannot possibly be so highly expressed, as in that it shall be the last peal to call the judgment of God upon the generations of Great-Grandmother Essay, men. It being foretold that when Christ cometh He shall not find faith upon the earth. This is repeated in the essay Of Counsel.

It is priestley present, worthy of Caring For My, note, too, what Bacon says of Pilate, that he would not stay for an answer implying that there was an answer, but that he did not want to hear it, and this is often the attitude of the world towards any problem that offends it's prejudices, rouses its passions, or dares to challenge its universal consent upon some echoed tradition which has never hitherto been looked into priestley present the inspector calls or examined. In his essay Of Atheism, Bacon points out, how the judgment is prejudiced by the feelings or affections, and how the Caring For My Great-Grandmother mind is deprived of problems in american, free judgment by the inclinations of the heart. The Scripture saith, 'The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God'; it is not said, The fool hath thought in his heart,' so as he rather saith it by rote to himself, as that he would have, than that he can thoroughly believe it or be persuaded of it. This equally applies to the nature of For My Essay, all human beliefs that are allied by eyre, custom with consent and sentiment --and perhaps most of Caring, all to the opposers of the Bacon authorship of the plays. They, like Pilate, will not stay for an answer, or give a learning patience to the problem, and in their hearts declare the theory a heresy, a foolish fad, an impossibility. Mark Twain has recently drawn a parallel, comparing Shakespeare to Satan, and there is something in it, for priestley present the inspector in an inspector calls all denial is of the For My Great-Grandmother badge of Antichrist; and has not the great German poet, Goethe described Mephistopheles (and his followers?) with the words der stets verneint, -- who everlasting denies?

After all, rebutting evidence is always easier than proof, for Essay the thing saves trouble if one only takes one's ignorance seriously, or affirmatively, setting up for a judge instead of a learner, and imagining a faculty of not knowing can be a criterion for passing judgments upon Caring For My Essay new discoveries. Coming in a man's own name, Bacon declares, is no infallible sign of truth. For certainly there cometh to pass, and hath place in human truth, that which was noted and priestley present the inspector, pronounced in the highest truth. Veni in nomine patris, nec recipitis me; si quis venetit in nomine suo, eum recipietis (I came in the name of the Father, but ye did not receive Me; if any one shall come in Great-Grandmother his own name, him ye receive). But in this divine aphorism (considering to whom it was applied, namely, to Antichrist, the highest deceiver) we may discern well that the coming in a man's own name, without regard of antiquity or paternity, is no good sign of truth, although it be joined with the fortune and success of an eum recipietis (and book Advancement of eyre author, Learning, p.99). Therefore the coming of Shakespeare in his own name, although he has been received without question, is For My, not an infallible sign of iron extracted from, truth. In Aphorism 84 of the first book of the Novum Organum : Again men have been kept back as by a kind of enchantment from progress in the sciences, by reverence for antiquity, by the authority of men accounted great in philosophy, and then by general consent.

And with regard to Caring Great-Grandmother, authority it shows a feeble mind to grant so much to extracted from, authors, and yet deny Time his rights, who is the author of authors, nay, rather of all authority. For rightly is truth called the daughter of time. By consent Bacon means, the world's general or universal assent, or tradition; as, for example, that Shakespeare is the author of the 1623 Folio plays. The world often mistakes echoes for volume, and there is the popular fallacy that counting of heads is proof of truth. But in matters intellectual it is not as with physical power or wealth--there is no aggregate or arithmetical sum total, as, for Caring For My example, when men pull on a rope or heap up money. But it is rather as in a race, where only a few can be first, and there is no addition of speeds. Hear Bacon: For the worst of all auguries is from consent in matters intellectual (Divinity excepted, and politics where there is right of vote).

For nothing pleases the many unless it strikes the imagination, or binds the understanding with the bonds of common notions (Aphorism 77, Novum Organum). Therefore the saying,That the world says, or the world believes, though to be respected, is not final, and should not deter us from should be tried as adults, examining anew problems which the past generations had probably no time or curiosity to question. Besides, as Bacon says, in this essay Of Truth, The first creature of God, in the work of the days, was the light of the senses, the Caring Great-Grandmother last was the light of reason; and His Sabbath work ever since is the illumination of His Spirit. In the midst of the sun is the light, in the midst of light is major problems history, truth, and in Caring For My Great-Grandmother the midst of truth is the imperishable Being. Truth, says Chaucer, is the highest thing that man can keep. In this essay Of Truth Bacon says,

One of the late school of the Grecians examineth the matter, and is at a stand to think what should be in it, that men should love lies, where neither they make for pleasure, as with poets; nor for advantage, as with the merchant; but for the lies sake. But I cannot tell : this same truth is a naked and Human and Energy Sources, open day light, that doth not show the masques, and mummeries, and triumphs of the world, half so stately and daintily as candle lights. Compare Omar Khayham on the world as a theatre by Caring Great-Grandmother, candle-light : For in and out, above, about, below, ' Tis nothing but a Magic Shadow Show, Play'd in a box whose candle is the sun, Round which we phantom figures come and go! Truth may perhaps come to the price of a pearl, that showeth best by day; but it will not rise to how is from its ore, the price of a diamond, or carbuncle, that showeth best in Caring Great-Grandmother Essay varied lights. A mixture of a lie doth ever add pleasure. Observe the apology for poetical fiction in this passage, which presently we find repeated with something of an explanation: One of the Fathers, in great severity, called poesy vinum daemonum (the wine of the how does the inspector calls devils),because it filleth the imagination, and yet it is but with the shadow of a lie. That is to For My Great-Grandmother Essay, say, poetical fiction or invention, although it obscures truth, or veils it, is not all falsehood, and all parabolical poetry shadows, under tropes of should teens be tried, similitude's, a concealed meaning of truth.

It would seem, then, that this essay Of Truth is a sort of apology for the poetical veil, or masque of Truth, upon the score of man's dislike, or incapability, of receiving unadulterated truth itself? Bacon uses the expression I cannot tell to excuse himself explanation of the world's love of lies. In the play of Caring For My Essay, Richard III the same phrase in problems in american introduced, together with what would seem to answer the Great-Grandmother Essay question in context with it:--- I cannot tell: the should be tried as adults world is grown so bad. That wrens may prey where eagles dare not perch. (I. 3). Christ exclaimed That the world cannot receive truth, and Bacon implies the same thing, and he then proceeds to Caring Great-Grandmother, explain that the disguises and actings of the world's stage are better adapted, than the searchlight of open daylight, for the half-lights of the how does in an inspector theatre. If the reader will turn to the essay entitled Of Masques and Triumphs, he will find complete proof that this is an allusion to the stage in the essay Of Truth. Caring Essay. And it would seem as if there existed some sort of Human and Energy Sources Essay, antithesis between these two essays, i.e., the world's love of pleasure is so great, Satis alter alteri magnum theatrum sumus (We are sufficently the great theatre of each other),--All the world's a stage, and all the men and Essay, women merely players, --and acting has little consonance with truth.

Observe, too, in both essays there is the same allusion to candle-light. In the plays candlelight is used as a metaphor for starlight:- For by these blessed candles of the night. ( Merchant of Venice, V.i). There's husbandry in heaven; Their candles are all out. Night's candles are burnt out. ( Romeo and Juliet III.5). See Sonnet 21, As those gold candles fixed in heaven's air. Masques were dramatic performances in which the history actors were disguised by the wearing of Caring Essay, masks which concealed their features, and so their identity. Bacon commences his essay Of Masques and Triumphs with the words,These things are but toys, and concludes the essay with the words,But enough of these toys.

He means trifles by the word toys. It is most important to point out, that Heminge and its ore, Condell, in Caring their dedicatory preface ( to their patrons the Earls of eyre author, Pembroke and Montgomery) in the first edition of the Caring Great-Grandmother Essay folio plays, published in 1623, employ the word trifles to indicate the jane eyre author plays they are editing:-- For , when we value the places your H.H. sustain, we cannot but know their dignity greater, than to Essay, descend to the reading of these trifles. This point seems to me very pertinent to the entire subject of the essay (and authorship of the plays), and is a hint of the very first importance as to whether Bacon wore a mask known as Shakespeare. But the introduction of Human Activity Sources Essay, this subject, in connection with poetry, and with an apology for Caring For My the poets' shadow of a lie, on account of the pleasure afforded by the dainty shows of the theatre, seen by priestley the inspector in an, candlelight, is a hint that only the most obstinately blind or obtuse person can decline to perceive. The first Masque, in England, was held at Greenwhich Palace (where King Henry the Eighth was born), the Caring first disguise( in the year 1513, on major problems the day of the Epiphany), after the manner of Italy called a Masque , a thing not seen afore in England. In Love's Labour Lost we have a masque introduced, and also scene in King Henry the Eighth where the royal dancers are masked.

Triumphs were processional pageants, or shows by Great-Grandmother Essay, Torchlight. Bacon is telling us that man does not care about abstract truth, and when he says men do not care for open daylight, he is speaking very truly. For he points out iron extracted from its ore that the archflatterer with whom all the petty flatterers have intelligence, is a man's self (essay Of Love ). And in this essay Of Truth : A mixture of a lie doth ever add pleasure. Doth any man doubt, that if there were taken out of men's minds vain opinions, flattering hopes, false valuations, imaginations as one would, and Caring, the like, but it would leave the minds of a number of how is iron extracted from, men poor shrunken things full of melancholy and indisposition, and unpleasing to For My Great-Grandmother Essay, themselves? This is as much as to say, that most men walk in a vain show, and are actors, i.e., play up rather to the parts they imagine they possess, than are what they really are by nature. In the essay Of Love , Bacon says.

It is a poor saying of Epicurus, We are a sufficiently great theatre to each other . That Bacon should introduce this saying of Seneca (to be found in his Epistles, Moral I., 17) in the essay Of Love is not strange. For Bacon knew that love is one of the greatest of actors (and cause of acting) in life, as well as the motive for stage comedies in the theatre. Major. He writes, The stage is more beholding to love than the life of man. For as to the stage, love is ever a matter of Comedies, and now and then of tragedies. It is strange to note the excess of this passion; and how it braves the nature and value of Caring Essay, things, that the should be tried as adults speaking in a perpetual hyperbole is comely in Great-Grandmother nothing but love. The ancients painted Cupid blind, because people in love are deprived of reason and sound judgment, and teens be tried, see everything by a candlelight of glamour an illusion, where all is appearance, as in a theatre. The lover conceals his real character, and pretends to all sorts of parts which he plays in order to attract the one beloved, just, as in natural selection, we find at the courting season, male birds spreading their peacock feathers to For My Great-Grandmother, attract the female, that is to problems in american, say, this passion consists of every sort of Caring Great-Grandmother Essay, exaggeration both in action and in speech, which, to the onlooker, is ever a source of amusement and comedy because of its divagation from all semblance of truth.

Observe how Bacon classes love with envy: There be none of the affections which have been noted to fascinate, or bewitch, but love and envy. He then makes this profound observation of envy, which is equally applicable to love : A man that is busy and inquisitive is eyre, commonly envious. therefore it must needs be, that he taketh a kind of play pleasure in looking upon the fortunes of others. For My Great-Grandmother. --essay Of Envy. This is written in the spirit of the text already quoted from Bacon, We are a sufficiently great theatre, one to the other. That is to say, all life is a theatre, and it may be noted, that love, of all passions, is the one that attracts most attention from those within the circle, or theatre of its influence. Human And Energy Sources. People of For My, all classes are everlastingly watching it, or contemplating it, or talking about it. For it brings with it other passions into play, such as envy, or jealousy, and often ends in major problems history the tragedies we read every day in the papers. In the 1st Book of the Advancement of Learning, Bacon once more quotes this saying with an apology which would seem to be pointed at himself:-- Another fault incident commonly to learned men, which may be more probably defended than truly denied, is that they fail sometimes in applying themselves to particular persons, which want of exact application ariseth from two causes-- the one, because the largeness of their mind can hardly confine itself to dwell in the exquisite observation or examination of the nature and customs of one person; for it is a speech for a lover, and not for a wise man.

We are sufficiently a great theatre to Caring For My Great-Grandmother, each other (p. Activity And Energy Sources. 23 1st Book Advancement of Learning) It is very possible Bacon was thinking of Seneca, the dramatist, from whom he quotes this Latin saying ( to whom he compares himself in the De Augmentis of 1623), particularly as he mentions him in the preceding paragraph but one. But this passage appears as an Great-Grandmother Essay apology written for Bacon himself, who was a learned man after the pattern of history, Demosthenes and Cicero, whom he has just previously cited. He is covertly telling us he is a lover of the theatre--of the contemplation of For My Great-Grandmother, life as a stage, but that he is not wise to major problems in american history, tell us so. In the 2nd book of the Advancement of Learning he again introduces some part of the above passage, and this time directly pointed at himself : My hope is that, if my extreme love to learning carry me too far, I may obtain the excuse of affection; for that it is not granted to man to love and be wise (p.75 2nd book Advancement). I should like to point out that the poet is compared with lover in Caring For My Essay the Midsummer's Night Dream, and in how is his essay Of Truth he says: But howsoever these things are thus in men's depraved judgments and affections, yet truth, which only doth judge itself, teacheth that the inquiry of truth, which is the love making or wooing of it, the knowledge of of truth, which is the For My Great-Grandmother presence of it, and the belief of truth, which is the enjoying of it,-- is the sovereign good of be tried as adults, human nature. and from : Midsummer Night Dream. The lunatic, the lover, and the poet, Are of imagination all compact.

One sees more devils than vast hell can hold; That is the madman. Caring. The Lover, all as frantic, Sees Helen's beauty in a brow of Egypt. The poet's eye in a fine frenzy rolling doth glance. From heaven to earth, from earth to heaven. And as imagination bodies forth the forms of things. Unknown; the poet's pen turns them to shapes, And gives to should teens be tried, airy nothing a local habitation. And a name. Act V. i.

Observe how Helen is Great-Grandmother, compared to Cleopatra, and observe that we have in the lunatic's and poet's frenzy a hint for the divine madness connected with Bacchus, which was called mania, and which fury was sometimes the effect of wine. From Its Ore. The lover, Bacon identifies with the madness ( in his essay Of Love --mad degree of love). But it is poetic creation through love that Bacon is really thinking of, such as Plato describes the love of wisdom, the begetting the truth upon the body of beauty. It is Essay, somewhat strange to Human Activity and Energy Sources, consider how the true character of Bacon's essay Of Truth has so long escaped discovery at the hands of critics-- I mean the For My Great-Grandmother mingling, in this essay, of Truth and Poetry, and their interrelationship after the manner (to borrow a title from the German poet, Goethe) of Warheit und Dichtung. For the entire essay is an apology of the veils of poetry--that is to say, for its shadows and Human and Energy Sources Essay, outlines, its bare suggestions, its parabolical character, its complete reserve. What I mean will be best understood by Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay, a study of Bacon's introduction to the series of poetical and classical myths entitled The Wisdom of the Activity and Energy Essay Ancients, in which collection Bacon has endeavored to rationalize and explain away the Great-Grandmother shadows and veils in which the kernels of this ancient wisdom are enwrapped.

His efforts to discover the true forms, hidden behind poetical fancy in these pieces, are just what he would have us apply to his theatre, with the how does priestley present in an inspector calls help of his prose works. Just what Bacon, in Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay his essay Of Truth , calls a shadow of a lie, constitutes the as adults outward poetical garb of all myth containing inner meaning. Aesop's Fables belong to this class of parable. The Fox and the Grapes , outwardly, is the shadow of a lie, which conveys ( and veils at the same time) the inner moral truth-- We affect to despise everything unattainable. Men being for the most part of the nature of children in their intellects, are only held and interested in sensible objects, and in pictures, or emblems, which poetry can present to their imagination. Two objects are served by creative poetry that embodies wisdom in poetic imagery and parable. For My. It serves to preserve and to reveal. Like the fly embalmed in amber, great truths may be handed down to posterity and author, preserved intact through barbarous ages.

The secrets of Caring Great-Grandmother Essay, a society of learned men can thus be transmitted to after times. This indeed is living art, and probably it has been carried out to you speech sample, an almost incredible degree of perfection and completeness in the art we are now discussing. And therefore in the infancy of learning, and in Caring For My Great-Grandmother rude times, when those conceits which are now trivial were then new, the world was full of parables and similitudes; for else would men either have passed over without mark, or else rejected for how is extracted paradoxes that which was offered, before they had understood or judged. So in divine learning, we see how frequent parables and tropes are. For it is a rule, that whatsoever science is not consonant to presuppositions, must pray in aid of similitude's. (2nd book Advancement of Learning, p. 153)

Tennyson once made the remark that the world was the shadow of God, meaning that it not only For My Great-Grandmother argued , as all shadows do, a great light to produce shadow, but also concealed God. In Esdras the dead are said to how does priestley present in an inspector calls, flee the shadow of the world, and which are departed from the shadow of the world. So, in like manner, I would suggest, Bacon's theatre shadows a great rational interpretation, or revelation, with which latter Bacon has particularly identified his own unmasking in glory to man. Bacon describes poesy (poetry) in respect of matter, (and not words), as, one of the principal portions of Caring Great-Grandmother Essay, learning, and is nothing else but feigned history , which may be styled as well in prose as verse -- Advancement , p.90. So in the play of As You Like It , The truest poetry is the sample most feigning. That is to say, the For My Essay shadow of the lie is only the envelope (Act III. ii) of the Essay inward truth, or form, imprinted on it.

Schopenhauer called matter a false truth, and in parabolic poetry (which is the shadow of a lie), the vehicle of Caring Great-Grandmother Essay, truth is the veil which shadows forth the truth. Spiritual truths are always immeasurably greater than their vehicles of utterance, and are those forms, or philosophical ideas, which are conveyed by means of thank you speech sample, poetic myth and Caring, fable. Truth in closet words shall fail, When truth embodied in a tale. Shall enter in at lowly doors. More than half the force of language, especially of poetical language, consists in its hints, suggestions, half-lights, which its words do not directly imply, yet habitually convey indirectly. Eyre Author. Bacon's essay Of Truth is, I consider, an Caring For My Great-Grandmother apology for poetical fiction, and for author the masking and mumming of his theatre, on the score of man's absolute love of For My Essay, lies, and hatred of Human Activity, truth.

The modern love of novels is a very strong corroboration of Caring For My Great-Grandmother Essay, this statement. Put a profound truth in the form of a problem novel and thousands will read it, attracted by its outward dress, whereas written as a treatise it would attract little attention! How many readers have Lord Bacon's works compared to the plays attributed to Shakespeare! ---W.F.C. Wigston is the author of these books : A New Study of Shakespeare. (An inquiry into the connection of the plays and poems, with the origin of the classical drama, and with the Platonic philosophy through the thank you speech mysteries.) London, n.d. (1884), pp. 372. Bacon, Shakespeare and the Rosicrucians . London, 1888. 8vo. Portraits.

Hermes Stella; or, Notes upon the Bacon Cipher. London, 1890. 8vo. Francis Bacon, Poet, Prophet, Philosopher, versus Phantom Captain Shakespeare, the Rosicrucian Mask. London, 1891, pp.436. 8vo. Discoveries in For My Great-Grandmother Essay the Bacon Problem. Edinburgh, 1893, pp.

14. 8vo.