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anti whaling essay (This is the mrs johnstone, text, slightly revised and updated, of a brochure that was distributed to the media at the 1994 annual meeting of the International Whaling Commission in Puerto Vallarta.) By Klaus Barthelmess. 1. Memories! COMMONPLACE ARGUMENTS AGAINST WHALING. 1.1 Ecological Arguments. The whales are becoming extinct. One cannot talk about the whales.

Rather one must distinguish between more than 75 different species. Not a single whale species has become extinct because of whaling. Mrs Johnstone! Furthermore, one must distinguish between different stocks of Essay on The Inspiration whales. There may be threatened and mrs johnstone, non-threatened stocks of one and the same species. Dhl Reviews! Commercial whaling will always endanger the stocks/species. Plainly wrong! The California gray whale stock, for instance, has been hunted by the Soviet Union since 1962 with an mrs johnstone annual quota of almost 200 animals. In the Marianas, same period, this stock has almost doubled its numbers to over 20,000 animals, so that at the beginning of 1993 the US government removed this stock from the list of endangered species.

Overfishing of mrs johnstone whale stocks has invariably occurred where there was economic competition for them. In today's whaling operations this is no longer the case - almost for the first time in about half a millennium of whaling history. Whaling cannot be controlled. Dhl Reviews! Yes it can! Norway, for instance, has agreed to and implemented an mrs johnstone inspection scheme, which has provided for inspectors on board every whaling vessel. Since 2005, the inspectors have been replaced by black boxes installed on board, that register GPS position, engine effort, steering commands, harpoon cannon shots, and the weight of each whale hauled on board in on success a manipulation-proof way. The Blue Box (Control Box) of the Automated Electronic Monitoring System developed for monitoring the minke whale hunting in Norway. (from Electronic Monitoring of Norwegian Minke Whaling by Dr. Mrs Johnstone! Egil Ole Øen, on High North Alliance Web site) 1.2 Ethical/Animal Welfare Arguments. Essay On The The Nation: Marianas! Whales cannot be killed humanely. a) Whales are wild animals and are killed unawares after a life of freedom.

To many ethical philosophers and scientists, this is more acceptable than the breeding, husbandry, transport, corralling and slaughtering of domestic animals. b) The modern penthrite grenade explodes with such a vibration force and frequency that unconsciousness - and usually death - result instantaneously. Unacceptably long killing times only mrs johnstone, occur as an accident, which can also happen in dhl reviews a state-of-the-art abattoir, where an animal may occasionally bleed to death or be scalded without having been stunned first. c) To make instantaneous death the criterion for the moral right to hunt and catch animals would render all kinds of fishing and most types of hunting impossible. In such an argument the cart is put before the horse. Whaling destroys social and family bonds within a whale pod. That's correct.

But this also applies to mort kinds of mrs johnstone animals that are hunted or butchered, as well as to those whale pods whose members fall victim to natural predators. The fastest-killing hunting device ever invented: The Norwegian penthrite harpoon grenade, continuously improved since 1983. Prototype parts and models. Essay! Photo: Barthelmess, 2005. 1.3 Economic Arguments. Whale products are superfluous or can be replaced by substitutes. That is correct, but again, this applies to products of , say, pigs or cattle as well. To discontinue the use of their products, however, has to be the mrs johnstone, consumer's own decision, not that of others.

Apart from hawking hawking, this, it must be noted that the most important whale product today the meat for human consumption , not pet food or frivolous things, as is often alleged. Commercial whaling is a negligible factor in the economies of whaling nations. This is true for mrs johnstone the national economy as a whole. But for the regional economy and communal structure, whaling has very great significance. (This explains the stubbornness of the whaling nations in the face of the political pressure exerted by the Western industrialized nations). Whale watching is more profitable than whale catching. Whale watching is relatively big business only in coastal areas with an excellent infrastructure in postmodernism definition sociology the hinterland, e.g. the US East and West coasts, certain South African seaports, and limited areas in mrs johnstone Australia and essay on success, New Zealand. Everywhere else, whale watching remains a risky small-scale business. Mrs Johnstone! Present-day whaling, however, is universally conducted from relatively isolated communities with an underdeveloped infrastructure in their hinterlands. Therefore, whale watching may be a modest additional or alternative option for one or two boat-owners within a remote whaling community, but not for stephen isobel all the whale boat operators in mrs johnstone the entire community. Furthermore, as the Norwegian example of the of gisha, one small whale catcher converted to whale watching has shown, only about one third of the catcher's crew could retain their jobs with the mrs johnstone, new tourist enterprise, the others had to be fired. Finally, not every taciturn fisherman will rejoice at the prospect of taxiing ecstatically yahooing whale tourists from the very metropolises, which are responsible for polluting the Essay on The the Nation: Marianas Trench, seas that were his hunting ground.

Whale meat is heavily contaminated. This must not be generalized. All animal tissue from polluted environments is mrs johnstone, contaminated to some degree. That applies to Essay on The Inspiration that is Sweeping the Nation: Trench seafood as well. Some ocean areas are more polluted than others, and all organisms living in them reflect this. Furthermore, research has shown, that individuals even from mrs johnstone, one and Essay Inspiration that, the same pod of cetaceans show enormous differences in contamination. Mrs Johnstone! It is true that due to their feeding behavior, the blubber, organs and cromwell oliver cromwell, meat of hunting toothed whales ( Odontotcetes ) are much more likely to be contaminated than in the case of the grazing baleen whales ( Mysticetes ), which skip over a few links in mrs johnstone the food chain.

From the nutritional point of view, baleen whale meat, especially from little polluted seas, may in fact be one of the healthiest foods one can eat today. Scientific whaling is commercial whaling in disguise. Completely wrong! Research whaling programs entail immense costs, only a fraction of which can be recovered by the sale of whale meat. 1.4 Legal Arguments. Whaling is illegal. Isobel! Whoever makes such a claim proves nothing but ignorance of the legal regimes that apply to whales.

Whaling is managed and regulated on a number of levels, both in the form of international conventions or agreements, such as the International Convention for mrs johnstone the Regulation of dhl reviews Whaling on which the International Whaling Commission (IWC) is based, the mrs johnstone, Agreement which established the dhl reviews, North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission (NAMMCO), or the Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans in the Baltic and North Seas (ASCOBANS), as well as legislation formulated on mrs johnstone, the national level, such as the Marine Mammal Protection Act of the USA. Only a sovereign state can rule what happens to memories the whales within its jurisdiction, i.e. if they are either found in the territorial waters of that state, or if a vessel registered in that state encounters them on the high seas. In an international treaty, convention or agreement, however, the contracting parties are not subjects to be ruled, but equal partners who convene to cooperate for their mutual benefit, while at the same time agreeing to mrs johnstone forfeit certain sovereign rights of their own. To ensure in the best democratic spirit their equal rights, an international contract must contain a strong provision to protect dissident minority positions among its contracting parties. Robert Cromwell Oliver Cromwell! The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) requires states to cooperate on the management of whales through the appropriate international organizations. This was also reaffirmed by mrs johnstone, Agenda 21, which resulted from the Rio Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in the Nation: 1992. No aspect of Japanese (research) whaling or Norwegian (commercial) whaling today is mrs johnstone, illegal, either on a national or international level. Sociology! 1.5 Whale-Related Arguments. Whales are uniquely special (humans of the mrs johnstone, sea) Pseudo-scientific platitude! Whales are over-stylized by essay, the media (totemic animals of the New Age). Actually, all animals, even those generally deemed repugnant, have a uniqueness which they share with no other species.

This is what makes zoological species specific. Whales are intelligent. Mrs Johnstone! Extremely debatable! Especially as there are no agreed definitions of intelligence. Dhl Reviews! And even if there were, this would not suffice to morally proscribe whaling. Pigs are no doubt more intelligent than cattle, but this does not lead people to make a distinction when it comes to killing them. (For comparison, using the same criterion of mrs johnstone intelligence as a moral qualifier upon human society could mean, e.g., that the higher IQ of one accident victim might result in a higher insurance payment than in the case of a dumber victim). Postmodernism Sociology! Whales are gentle giants.

Wrong! They are entirely normal giants, and, as with any other animal, there are some rather disgustingly violent aspects about them as well, such as: intraspecific fighting, esp. mating fights, which sometimes end fatally; interspecific fighting, with several deaths recorded, between species competing for the same food resource; rape of females and subordinate males; violent attempts by mrs johnstone, males to copulate with females that have just given birth, in the course of which some newborn calves are drowned or fatally bruised; rough methods of postmodernism socializing the young, e.g., by mrs johnstone, barring them from breathing at the surface. In maritime cultures, whales have always represented the psychological archtype of the Great Fish. Of Gisha! They inspire awe, leading to spiritual veneration, but also have always been treated as a useful commodity. The biblical story of Jonah is a symbol of death and rebirth. Book initial V, South German, ca. 1530. Mrs Johnstone! Barthelmess Whaling Collection. Whales have fascinating (a) communication (b) language. a) Absolutely!

But squid, for example, communicate through stimulation of skin pigments, only this exciting kind of communication is not as widely studied as communication in whales. Memories! b) The language of mrs johnstone whales can at best be defined in the sense of an artificial computer language, but in no way in that is Sweeping Marianas the sense of an mrs johnstone intelligent natural language with its ability to express abstract notions. To put it simply, whales can transmit to each other concise ideas such as who , where , and what , but not abstract ones such as how , when and why . Whales can sing or even compose. On Success! The well-known and popular songs come almost exclusively from male humpback whales on their mating grounds. Mrs Johnstone! Thus, they may not be an expression of fun, but of a stressful mating ritual. Robert Cromwell Oliver Cromwell! Mating calls in the world of birds and the bell of stags perform this same function, and likewise contain an immense number of bytes (information units).

But to human ears they don't sound so appealing. The fact that annual variations have been noted in whale songs is nothing extraordinary in the animal kingdom, either. Whales and dolphins are friends of man. Wishful thinking! They are also friends of mrs johnstone driftwood, if you like. Dhl Reviews! With some species - notably toothed whales and mrs johnstone, gray whales - there is a more or less pronounced instinct to play: they may toss marine turtles, flotsam, bunches of seaweed around. A few individual gray whales - not at all! - seek sagging rubber rafts laden with tourists and allow them a few pats or strokes. A few species of dolphin and dhl reviews, porpoise are also known to - sometimes and after a certain time of mrs johnstone habituation - permit swimmers and divers into their company. Other animals, even carnivorous predators, sometimes do the same.

Zoologists agree, however, that individual dolphins, which actively seek contact with humans, display abnormal behavior, just as tame deer do. We still know so little about whales. Today whales are among the best studied wild animals. Hawking! Scientific literature about them is substantially more extensive than, for instance, about sparrows. The fact that new questions arise with the emergence of new knowledge lies in the very nature of mrs johnstone science. 1.6 Cultural Arguments. Modern harpoon-gun whaling is unfair, since the robert cromwell cromwell, whale has no chance. The more unfair a hunt is, the more efficient it is. From an ecological point of view, an efficient hunting method is desirable, because fewer whales escape wounded. In consequence, Alaska Inuit have begun using a small version of the Norwegian-made penthrite grenade in addition to their traditional whaling tools in order to reduce the struck-and-lost rate in their open-boat whaling operations.

Apart from this, the use of old-fashioned fair hunting methods would mean a return to more laborious and more risky procedures. No working person would tolerate such restrictions being imposed by outsiders. Whaling is mrs johnstone, barbarous, uncivilized. Arrogant culturo-centrism! And a fairly modern point of view at that. In the sixties, in some cases in the seventies, when modern commercial whaling was still being conducted by today's foremost anti-whaling nations - USA, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Germany (under foreign flag), the Netherlands and others - the whaling men (and women) and their families enjoyed high social prestige in their societies. Terrorist action against whalers - factually committed or only propagated - generated income for fundamentalist animal rights organisations in isobel hawking the West. World opinion has proscribed whaling.

Pure presumptuousness! This opinion is almost exclusively found in densely populated urban Western societies, where people have become alienated from nature and where care for pet animals compensates for weakened family ties and social bonds. These societies - perhaps 20% of the world population - may be the most outspoken and influential, but by no means do they represent World Opinion. Incidentally, these very societies have emerged from the Eurocentric culture, which has a woeful history of colonialism and a lamentable habit of deliberately ignoring the values found in foreign cultures. Mrs Johnstone! When it comes to whaling, these societies still fail to acknowledge the democratic right of dissident minorities. Whales are killed for dhl reviews sport, in a blood frenzy or out of murderous lust. Atrocious propaganda resulting from sheer ignorance of the mrs johnstone, living conditions in remote fishing communities. Other occupations and customs are history, too. True, but whaling can be continued at dhl reviews an ecologically responsible level. Unlike the Chicago stockyards or many regional coal mining industries, small-scale community-based whaling has remained economically viable. And it is not for mrs johnstone outsiders to forcibly change this.

Out of historic guilt, people must make amends with whales. Subjective feeling of conscience; it cannot be imposed upon on success, others. Ethics evolve: humans have first overcome the scourge of racism, then of mrs johnstone sexism, and in the future will overcome that of speciesism. This is a hypothesis, not an established fact, and even as such it is extremely disputable. Racism and sexism discriminate against robert cromwell fellow humans, speciesism discriminates against non-humans. Mrs Johnstone! It is true that the introduction of human rights was long opposed on the grounds of tradition, but they finally succeeded as established values, because they are int ra specific rights, i.e. rights universally valid within the system defined as the zoological species Homo sapiens . Essay Inspiration That Is Sweeping The Nation: Marianas! In contrast, animal rights would be in ter specific rights, i.e. rights valid across the boundaries of mrs johnstone species diversity. Since every carnivore or predator by essay, nature infringes upon the right of its prey to live, animal rights are not universally valid within the system defined as the animal kingdom. Animal rights thus appear to be a philosophical construction by humans for the explicit purpose of regulating human-animal and not animal-human or animal-animal interactions. Furthermore, the demand for animal rights itself discriminates against mrs johnstone other human beings on what can be called topographical grounds.

The reason is that humans who live in either high latitudes or high altitudes nutritionally depend on essay, a substantial share of mrs johnstone animal protein in their diet. On the of gisha, basis of their habitat alone, these people are denied access to the ethical standards propagated by mrs johnstone, the animal rights protagonists. Over 120 maritime cultures utilized whales at some point of their history, when certain factors were met. Most of them discontinued whaling when other factors became effective. In the postmodernism, few whaling cultures still active today, this is not the case. French whaling for sperm whales, oil painting by Louis Gamain, 1832. Photo: international art trade. 2. Mrs Johnstone! ARGUMENTS IN TOLERANCE OF WHALING.

2.1 Economic Arguments. Today's whaling is ecologically responsible. Dhl Reviews! No whale stock is mrs johnstone, any longer under hunting pressure from competing whaling efforts. Therefore whalers now have a vested interest in postmodernism sociology keeping stocks at a sustainable level. In the years of competitive whaling - which lasted for mrs johnstone almost five centuries - this was different, because a whaler who spared a whale for tomorrow only worked into postmodernism definition, the pockets of rival whalers. Whaling is no longer an over-capitalized business. Today's whaling is community-based. In Japan there are four, in Norway about mrs johnstone 30 shrimp boat-sized vessels (average 20m or 60 ft.), which are usually owned by families and crewed by postmodernism sociology, four to nine people.

This happens to be a small-capital form of enterprise which many green economists recommend as a safe-guard against the destructive over-exploitation of our planet's natural resources. In addition, together about half a dozen large-scale whale catchers can be operated by Japan and Iceland. Since there is no more competitive whaling for a world market, these vessels will never participate in mrs johnstone any whaling olympics. Whaling is a livelihood in cromwell cromwell economically vulnerable regions. Perfectly right!

In up to four communities in Japan and about six in Northern Norway whaling is the economic mainstay. Mrs Johnstone! It is a decisive factor in keeping people from migrating to the big cities as well as a safeguard against memories the build-up of mrs johnstone ecologically harmful industries in remote settlements. 2.2 Legal Arguments. Whales must not be taboo. Cromwell! If the zoological order of cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises) is by consensus declared exempt from man's moral right to harvest from natures resources, this will constitute a legal precedent so that in the future it could be argued likewise for other species of animals. Drawing a legitimate line between animals that may and others that may not be hunted would then be unfeasible. 2.3 Cultural Arguments. Whalers enjoy high social prestige. Whales represent the psychological archetype of the mrs johnstone, Great Fish. That's why their hunters and their families enjoy the highest prestige in robert their communities, even if work in other branches of fisheries may be harder or more dangerous, or other marine jobs may be better paid. Mrs Johnstone! Since whalers live OFF nature they also live WITHIN nature.

Small whaling communities are a good setting for acquiring and transmitting knowledge about nature from generation to generation. This intimate knowledge is derived not only from contact with the prey, but also with non-exploited species, and it covers oceanographic and meteorological phenomena as well. There is a whaling culture. This is confirmed by everyone who has ever lived with whalers. They are not just a group of hawking isobel hawking people with their own professional skills, but they also have their own social organizations, their own jargon, their own folklore, their own arts and crafts, in short, they have a distinctive cultural identity. If you prick us, do we not bleed? if you tickle us, do we not laugh? (Shylock, in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, Act 3, Scene 1). Photo: Nigel Bonner, Barthelmess Whaling Collection. 2.4 Questionability of the mrs johnstone, Counter Arguments. It is dhl reviews, noteworthy that the mrs johnstone, anti-whaling movement has its origin and mainstay with just that part of this planet's population - viz. the people in the urban centers of oliver Western industrialized nations - whose lifestyle bears the largest share of responsibility for destroying the natural environment worldwide.

They are just about 20% of the world population but consume approximately 80% of the world's natural resources. It seems to be obvious that with the whaling issue they have set some psychological compensation process into operation. Ethical standards are culturally defined. They must not be imposed upon other cultures. If any such attempts are made through political or economic pressure, this fulfils all the criteria for the concepts of cultural chauvinism or cultural imperialism. Enormous sums are earned with the organized whaling counter-protest. The anti- whaling organizations offer a kind of conscience service to city-dwellers who have become alienated from nature: they sell them the illusion of being mature and competent savers of nature. Annual income rates of hundreds of millions of US dollars have led some critics to mrs johnstone speak of a protest industry.

It seems clear that, where such enormous sums are at stake, the scientific and that is Sweeping, moral integrity of some anti-whaling information campaigns should not always be taken at face value. Klaus Barthelmess is a collector of whaling-related art, a professional whaling and sealing historian, museum, media and PR consultant. He earned his degrees from the University of mrs johnstone his native Cologne, Germany. In the late 1970s and early 1980s he cooperated with several international and German anti-whaling organisations against the over-exploitation of some whale stocks evident at that time. In the course of field studies of Atlantic and dhl reviews, Pacific whaling cultures, he has participated in whaling and whale-processing operations, and has conducted experiments in experimental whaling archaeology.

He has authored and co-authored several books and numerous articles on mrs johnstone, whaling history, the history of cetology, whale-related fine arts, historical whale stranding records, sealing history and Essay on The the Nation: Marianas Trench, the whaling debate, and serves on mrs johnstone, the editorial boards of several specialized periodicals.

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How to mrs johnstone Write an Artists CV When You Dont Have Much (Or Any!) Professional Experience. The post How to Write an postmodernism definition sociology Artist CV in 10 Steps is the most popular in the history of mrs johnstone The Practical Art World. Some of the most frequently asked questions people have after reading it are What if I dont have an exhibition history? or What if I didnt go to dhl reviews school? For new and emerging artists, creating an mrs johnstone artists CV can be a bit of a Catch 22. Essay On Success! You dont have much or any experience to put on your CV, but to mrs johnstone apply for experience in the form of exhibitions, grants, and schooling, you are asked to stephen hawking isobel hawking provide a CV. Fortunately, there are ways to mrs johnstone tailor what relevant experience you have into an artists CV format. Just remember: dont lie, and dont make up anything that doesnt exist. Of Gisha! Just tell the truth, shaping it a little (creatively its what you do best, right?) into the established CV format. If you havent already read How to Create an mrs johnstone Artists CV in 10 Steps, start there. Below are suggestions which elaborate on some of the points, aimed specifically at professionalizing the CV of an artist who has yet to gain, appropriately, professional experience as an cromwell cromwell artist.

Refer to point 1 in the original article. As I mentioned, many established artists keep this section quite short. Mrs Johnstone! However, if you dont have a lot of other material and experiences to add to the rest of the CV, this is a good opportunity to tell your reader about stephen isobel hawking yourself. Adding a very brief bio / artist statement can be good if you would like to talk about experiences which dont fit into the rest of the CV. If you are going to do this, just remember to keep it brief and concise. DONT oversell yourself: you will look like a professional, dedicated emerging artist if you are honest. You will look desperate if you pretend to be something you are not. Example of bad contact details: Sometimes called the worlds most famous artist. Email me! fancypants@yahoo.com

Example of mrs johnstone good contact details. Currently lives and works in Paris, France. Refer to point 2 in the original article. Many emerging as well as professional artists are self-taught, and yet for some reason the education section of a CV tends to be intimidating for all but those who have a Masters degree. It doesnt have to be that way. DONT list any education on your CV that doesnt explicitly link to your art career (like your degree in biology). Example of hawking isobel a good education history, for mrs johnstone those who did not attend art school or university. Example of of gisha a bad education history, for those who did not attend art school or university. One hour workshop with Lynne McLaughlin. Informal classes with Tom Backlund. Has received feedback from mrs johnstone, Geoff Parker.

Bachelor of Science, Biology major. One way to add exhibitions to your CV is to list any which are forthcoming. If youve got something lined up, its perfectly acceptable to postmodernism sociology include it on mrs johnstone your CV before its happened. Oliver Cromwell! Just add (forthcoming) to each exhibition which hasnt actually happened yet. Another trick for plumping up your exhibition history is a little bit cheeky. I realized this loophole when I saw some site-specific installations on mrs johnstone a CV.

After a little digging, I realized that the artworks were installed guerrilla-style. In other words, someone made art and put it somewhere without invitation or the formal facets of Essay on The Inspiration a traditional exhibition. Im all for this idea, as long as it doesnt involve breaking laws or damaging property. Its a great idea to show your artwork (though, you might not be able to get it back), and mrs johnstone certainly an artistic project that can be added to definition sociology your CV under your exhibition history. Just make sure you classify it properly, as to not mislead anyone! DONT make anything up. Example of a good exhibition list. 2012 Site-specific installation, Alleyway , Vancouver, BC. Example of a bad exhibition list. Refer to point 5 from the mrs johnstone original article. If you are an postmodernism definition new or emerging artist, you probably do not have your work in mrs johnstone any public collections.

Luckily, its fair game to list anyone who owns your work, including people to whom you have gifted your artwork. Collectors who own your work are normally listed on dhl reviews your CV as Private collection, followed by their location. You should not actually name someone unless they have explicitly agreed to be listed as a collector of mrs johnstone your work, and / or if you have some other reason to do so (for example, they are a very well-known collector). DO make a list of people who own your work, even if they didnt actually purchase it; most of these you can convert to hawking isobel hawking Private collection, followed by location. DONT put your Moms name on the list, or anyone with the same last name as you.

DONT list a city more than once if more than one person owns your work there. Example of mrs johnstone a good collection list. Example of a bad collection list. FINALLY, IF YOU HAVE AN ESPECIALLY SHORT CV AND THINGS ARE LOOKING DESPERATE. You can think of some creative ways to hawking hawking visually enhance your CV: Include an image of your artwork (not usually recommended, but between that and mrs johnstone the blank page, one image is better). Center your text with large margins.

Yes, this is cheating when youre writing an essay. But if you do it properly, you can make your CV look visually planned and striking. Postmodernism Sociology! Include an artist statement and CV on one single page. Often these are asked for mrs johnstone separately, but if you are able to combine them, its a great way to make your presentation look great. 69 thoughts on “ How to Write an sociology Artists CV When You Dont Have Much (Or Any!) Professional Experience ” I just LOVE your informative post, Fantastic advice!!

Ill be coming to read this again for sure. Have a lovely day. God Bless. Nice. Always a pleasure to read a well thought out post. Hello, Im an emerging artist writing a CV. Your article has been very helpful, but I have one question.

I am an assistant for mrs johnstone two artists one well-known in my area and memories one very well-known in the larger art world. Mrs Johnstone! I would like to stephen include this work experience in my CV somewhere. Mrs Johnstone! The local artist is a semi-paid position and the well-known artists is unpaid. While they are not exactly my mentors, I did take on these positions in order to gain experience in the art world and learn about how to stephen hawking be a professional artist. I believe it would be helpful to have their names on my CV and mrs johnstone I am very proud of postmodernism my work with them. Where would you recommend putting these entries, if at all? Hi Bekah, I think its a great idea to mrs johnstone add these to your CV. You can create your own heading, Assistant-ships, or something similar to list them under. I think it gets the point across that you are gaining experience, while still not explicitly naming them your mentors. Definitely include this! I would put it under the heading Professional experience or even just a sentence saying something along the lines of:

Assistant to: Damien Hirst (2004 present), Anthony Gormley (2002) A lot of young and emerging artists do not have a lot of exhibitions to add to their CVs but it is worthwhile remembering art-related work (paid or unpaid) which was not directly related to your own practice, such as assisting other artists, or invigilation, volunteering etc. This is isobel a nice blog youve got going! I am always impressed by people who show dedication to their passions and to mrs johnstone their craft. Your blog reminds me of a women who is currently offering a very unique service by memories, showcasing her skills in spray-painting.

I implore anyone and mrs johnstone everyone to dhl reviews click the following link to see what she has to offer #128578; Hey thank you very much for this help, i really need it! Questions : In the mrs johnstone exhibitions should i also include the title or something else than Group exhibition, location, date? My problem is that i had to essay much shows in one gallery and it looks a little repeating!! Thanks #128512; Hi, its good to include the title of the show if there is one. Very helpful for the self-taught emerging artist! Thank you! How should I include online features?

I have several features (interview, review, portfolio) online, how should I refer to them? Also, what to do with features/interviews that are not in English (Im from Germany), should I include them as well? Online features are great to include. You could list the mrs johnstone German pieces with their German titles, and include english translations in brackets if you see fit (but its not absolutely necessary). and additional question under which category should I put online features? bibliography, publications or something like selected press? thanks for sociology your help. so glad i found this!! #128578; just a question though what do you think of the mrs johnstone more creative resumes/cvs? the ones where it practically looks like an artwork itself? I personally think it should look clean, readable, and not too unconventional then again, it probably depends on where you are submitting it!

I have a business background, no artistic experience (at all), but a promising submission. What should I do? I enter a lot of juried online art shows. How does one show these on a CV. Checking my blog kenben.org will give you examples in my about me. Thank you for the great ideas for us beginners. Id like to get a little clarification on exactly what constitutes an exhibition. Essay On The Inspiration That Is Sweeping Marianas! I have had work for sale in several different galleries over the course of several years, but it doesnt seem like thats what is meant to be included under the EXHIBITIONS heading.

I have had my work in a few short term shows (not in galleries), and Ive also just been juried in to show my work at an important gallery.I think those probably do qualify as EXHIBITIONS, but its just a gut feeling. Mrs Johnstone! Could you please give us some guidance as to what qualifies as an stephen hawking isobel hawking EXHIBITION. For example, does it have to be in a gallery or does a bunch of artists getting together to put on mrs johnstone a show count? Does it have to be a juried show or is it OK to count shows where they let pretty much anyone in? Does it need to be short term in robert cromwell oliver nature, like a week or a month, or does having your work in mrs johnstone a gallery for five years count, and if so, what do you list for the date of the exhibition? Whenever your work is exhibited, that is an exhibition. I dont know if there is one true definition, but thats what I think! I also think it is an essay on success acceptable rule of mrs johnstone thumb for your CV. If you have work on exhibit for a long period of hawking isobel time, I would suggest saying ongoing for the date. This is one of the best, and easiest articles to understand,I would refer you to everyone.Thank you.

Thank you for mrs johnstone such awesome and informative articles! I was invited to apply for an artist in residence program (it was invitation only), and I was a finalist but I did not get the residency. Inspiration Is Sweeping The Nation: Trench! I feel proud to be invited, should I add this to my resume? Certainly you should! Just make sure that it is worded in such a way to make clear that you didnt actually complete the residency. This is super helpful, thank you! I had a question though, I am trying to put together a CV [I am mainly an abstract painter] and mrs johnstone I do have some experience and exhibitions to list but not a huge amount.

I do however have a small business making artisanal jewelry out of sterling silver cutlery. Through this I have had some press and many juried shows. Should I include some of postmodernism definition sociology that in my CV as well? Or just focus on the painting side? I would include this on your CV, as it is part of your artistic experience. You dont have to differentiate between the mrs johnstone two mediums or state what kind of work you showedyou can just list all the exhibitions together.

Likewise with press. Im kind of wondering the dhl reviews same thing as the business person in mrs johnstone a reply a few posts up. I have a masters degree in something that has absolutely nothing to do with art. I never took any formal art classes beyond high school, either. Essay! What Ive learned about art is from (lots of) reading and mrs johnstone doing. Definition! I feel like Im creating a body of work that is relevant and mrs johnstone has plenty to say, but my only meaningful exposure is a reasonably active Instagram account that is slowly, but steadily gaining followers. (I have a dA account, too, but that ones not getting much action.) Moreover, for personal reasons that Id rather not get into here, I want to remain as anonymous as possible for now, and I would really like my work to just speak for itself. Memories! Am I just screwed, or do you have any ideas on how I should go about mrs johnstone this?

Thanks very much. This is very helpful as Im getting ready to submit works for an upcoming arts festival. Im using your ideas of memories of gisha naming instructors and mrs johnstone private collections, A question I am self-taught, however, I grew up in a family of artists and writers, such that being around paint and other materials is second nature to dhl reviews me. I also plan on mrs johnstone enrolling in school with the goal of isobel obtaining a studio art degree from a local college. Mrs Johnstone! Should I somehow note these points on postmodernism definition sociology the bio/CV? Thanks.

Hey Thank you for this great article. I have a question to ask you what if I have many art awards because I joined art competition since I was 12, how should I selected them to put on CV should I put them all?? or only the award I got recently?? Ive just graduated in art major so Im very new to the real art world outside. Should I select only the 1st prize or was a winner? I would suggest putting the most recent awards, as well as the largest or the ones with the mrs johnstone most exposure. You dont need to put them all, just the ones which seem most relevant to essay your current practice. You can include awards where you were recognized but were not the mrs johnstone winner, just make sure to indicate. This is extremely helpful. Essay On Success! Thank you. Echoing the mrs johnstone long line of thank yous for this and a quick question Im primarily trying to promote myself as a painter and illustrator, however I work full time as essentially a creative director and graphic designer and while I think I probably should include it because its in a creative field and hawking it relates, Im not sure how much to include and what to mrs johnstone talk about. This is very helpful! I wonder how best to show my education, I went to dhl reviews University for my BFA but did not complete my degree?

I got extremely close but had to stop for mrs johnstone financial reasons. hi there all again. Do you possibly have another useful blog like this about writing artists bios by any chance?! Thanks for the idea, this could happen in the future! Thanks for the great information I am an emerging artist one of my primary mediums is blacksmithing. I have done demonstrations as a member of the dhl reviews local blacksmith guild at our states agricultural fair. Mrs Johnstone! How would I reflect this on my CV. I also had my work on dhl reviews display/for sale in an attached shop how should I reflect that on my CV?

You could make a heading called Demonstrations and include the info about the agricultural fair. Mrs Johnstone! If the works were on display, you could list that under Exhibitions. Hello there! This blog is wonderful and dhl reviews this post has been most helpful. My query: I sold one of my photographs to a large, well-known company for use in a film, and I feel like I should list this but am unsure under what heading. Thanks for your help and mrs johnstone time in replying. You could list this under Collections as the well-known company is now the on success owner of the work.

Side note: since the mrs johnstone piece was in essay a movie, its not a secret that they own it. If they had bought it for mrs johnstone private display or collection, it would be best not to list them by name unless they have given you permission to share their information. This blog post has been very useful indeed, thank you. I have a question relating to private commissions, I am a digital artist so technically no physical copy of the end product exists and essay on success as such, Im unsure as to whether I could list them under collections. I have done some commercial pieces recently but most of my work is commissioned for personal use how would you list this kind of experience on a CV? Its remarkable in support of mee to have a site, which is mrs johnstone beneficial designed for my knowledge. Thanks so much for hawking this.

It was a life saver! I am president of my local art guild. Mrs Johnstone! Is that ok to have on the CV and if so, where should I put it? Wao! This is great infoi am an abstract surealist n hv been wondering hw to memories creat a great artist CV n dis is incrediblethanx alot. I was wondering if its appropriate to put in the pictures of the works you had done for mrs johnstone an artist in your portfolio. Hawking! I have been working for an artist and mrs johnstone had been doing many of his art works. Do let me know before I request him for pictures of the work.

thank you for this. Hello, I am going to be selling some of of gisha my work at an art market and wanted to include this on my CV. Mrs Johnstone! Where would this fit under? Also, just to clarify on the collections point-is it okay to put more than one from the same state(or county in England). Thank you very much. What if my only exhibition was a senior show in highschool? And I have attended two colleges, do I put both of them in? Thank you so much,I hv recently moved to a different country,and as a young emerging self taught artist,I have been having difficultie marketing myselfthanks again. Thank you for this its so useful.

One question: Can I include favorable reviews in my CV? I am self taught jewlery maker and cromwell cromwell have exhibited in mrs johnstone a few shows but I also have a regular stall in a local makers market. How do I incorporate my stall into my CV, and also local shops that stock my jewellery? Should I? and what about previous stockists? Reblogged this on Cricketswool and of gisha commented:

Im entering the mrs johnstone Ellarslie Open in Trenton NJ and for the first time encountered a request to dhl reviews submit an artists resume along with my work. This led me to a post on The Practical Art World. I highly recommend this blog and especially this post to all artists. hi there, thank all of you very much to share your experience. im a self-taught painter and not much art training. i had a bachelor in acting from a national academy, should i include in my cv under the education? thank you a lot in advance best regards berkeley. I have an interesting situation. I started out mrs johnstone as a fine artist in the 80s. Then I veered off and became very successful as an illustrator. Then I took off a decade to memories be an actor. Mrs Johnstone! I came back to illustration at the turn of century and had lots of success. About four years ago, I quit illustration and came back to cromwell fine art.

I instantly won a bunch of awards at high profiles competitions. Ive sold and mrs johnstone still sell a tremendous amount of work on my own and stephen isobel through an agent in Germany. Ive always avoided gallery representation like the plague, but Im evolving on that. Mrs Johnstone! All of a sudden Im getting interest from several representational galleries. Im given speaking engagements and workshops. Hawking! And everyone wants a CV. Mrs Johnstone! Problem is that though Ive been doing art for a long time, my CV doesnt look like much and I cant remember much of on success my winnings and exhibitions over mrs johnstone the years, let alone who owns my work. Essay! Should I be putting in my illustration accolades too? I feel a bit like a fraud. What should I do? You have no idea how this helped me!

Your post was so easy to mrs johnstone follow and had such good examples. Although I really have very little to put in stephen hawking isobel hawking my resume, your tips helped me make it look decent! Thank you! Very helpful the comments too. Thank you for adding that part about mrs johnstone guerilla art. Dhl Reviews! As a new installation artist (Ive had two exhibitions now!) most of my art work was created guerilla style, but I plan to only add one very large piece I did in my CV.

As you say, dont OVER play it. Thank you again for this. Writing the CV is putting a knot in mrs johnstone my stomach. You helped me break it down simplify it. I think I can actually manage it now. #128578;

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5 paragrap essay Have you ever made an awesome chocolate cake without looking at a recipe first? Unless you are an extremely talented baker, most likely the answer is no. Just one cup of flour too many and your chocolate dessert will be a chocolate mess! The same goes for mrs johnstone writing a 5-paragraph essay. If you are an extremely talented writer, you may be able to essay intuitively create a compelling essay with all the components needed to be both persuasive and easy to swallowor follow. However, if writing doesnt come easily to you, you can benefit from mrs johnstone creating a 5-paragraph essay outline before jumping into your writing assignment. I always make an outline first, no matter what writing project Im working on. Stephen? There are endless, different ways to mrs johnstone write a compelling essay. Stephen Hawking Isobel? But, if your teacher is demanding that you sum up your argument in five succinct paragraphs, follow this easy tutorial on mrs johnstone how to create a 5-paragraph essay outline. Structure of the 5-Paragraph Essay Outline.

The 5-paragraph essay is made ofyou guessed itfive paragraphs. Each paragraph serves a specific purpose: Paragraph 1: Amazing introduction (hook) and the all-important thesis statement Paragraph 2: Argument A and supporting facts or quotes Paragraph 3: Argument B and supporting facts or quotes Paragraph 4: Argument C and dhl reviews, supporting facts or quotes Paragraph 5: Conclusion, made up of your restated thesis and the broader significance of your argument. Heres how this outline would look if you sketched it out: A Note on Formatting Your 5-Paragraph Essay Outline. Now, Im not saying that you must put your outline into mrs johnstone, a diagram like the essay on success one aboveusing a simple pen and mrs johnstone, paper or word processor will suffice. If you like technology though, there are several digital outlining tools that can help you outsome of them more sophisticated and user-friendly than others. Its not really about robert cromwell, making a perfect 5-paragraph essay outline, rather, its about mrs johnstone, developing an outline that makes the most sense to you.

An outline ensures that you have the necessary components to dhl reviews write an awesome essay. Without further delay, lets jump into more detail about mrs johnstone, each of the outline components. First we need a topic. Typically, your instructor will give you a subject to Essay on The that Marianas Trench write about, or at least parameters for a topic. Always follow your teachers specific instructions when embarking on your 5-paragraph essay journey. After all, you dont want the wrath of your instructor to come down upon you for completely ignoring instructions. For our sample topic, were going to use the following prompt: What are the arguments for or against writing a 5-paragraph essay?

Should teachers continue requesting this writing method from students? Step Two: Take a Stance on Your Topic. Mrs Johnstone? We need to take a stance for or against teachers asking students to write 5-paragraph essays, so we can argue for or against stephen hawking isobel, it in our thesis statement. Dont make the mistake of mrs johnstone, not taking a stance without taking a position, your essay (five paragraphs or twenty) will have no direction at all. Robert Cromwell? When deciding on your position, you have to choose one that can be backed with valid and supportable arguments, either from your research or from the course materials provided in mrs johnstone, your class. For our sample essay outline, Im going to that is Sweeping the Nation: take a stance against the 5-paragraph essay . Step Three: Write a Clear Thesis Statement. Based on my chosen stance against 5-paragraph essays, my thesis statement will be Teachers should stop teaching students to mrs johnstone write 5-paragraph essays. Notice the word should in the thesis statement? More power can be added to your position by stephen creating a statement about what should or shouldnt be done.

This is a much stronger and more defensible stance than if I simply wrote 5-paragraph essays are boring, or something similar. Step Four: Develop Three Arguments to Underscore Your Thesis. Mrs Johnstone? Now you need to definition come up with three arguments that will back your thesis statement. Here are mine: The 5-paragraph essay is too basic. There are myriad other ways to write essays, many of which are more thought-provoking and creative than the 5-paragraph essay. Mrs Johnstone? The 5-paragraph essay does not allow for of gisha analytical thinking, rather, it confines students to following a restrictive formula. Step Five: Develop Three Supports for Each of Your Arguments.

Your evidence, or supports, should include facts, quotes, and data that substantiate your thesis. This is a great place to mrs johnstone include quotes directly from your research sources. For example, to postmodernism definition support argument A (The 5-paragraph essay is too basic), I might offer the following evidence: Support 1A : Chicago teacher Ray Salazar says, The five-paragraph essay is rudimentary, unengaging, and useless. Support 2A: Elizabeth Guzik of California State University, Long Beach says, The five paragraph essay encourages students to engage only on the surface level without attaining the level of cogency demanded by college writing. Similarly, in regards to argument C (The 5-paragraph essay does not allow for analytical thinking, rather, it confines students to following a restrictive formula), I might support it with this quote: Support 1C: According to an article in Education Week , There is a consensus among college writing professors that students are coming [to college] prepared to do five-paragraph themes and arguments but [are] radically unprepared in thinking analytically. Remember, for the 5-paragraph essay structure, you typically need to come up with three supports for each of mrs johnstone, your three arguments. In our example, I only show three of the memories of gisha total nine supports needed to round out the argument. Mrs Johnstone? Once you have your thesis and arguments sorted, you can work on developing your introduction. Robert Cromwell Oliver Cromwell? (*Hint* its an exercise in mrs johnstone, futility to develop your introduction first, because you wont really know what youre introducing yet.) For example, my hook could be, English teachers across the nation have been teaching students to become ineffective writers. This hook makes a bold statement that will encourage readers to continue on to find out why I would say such a thing especially if the reader is your English teacher. Step Seven: Develop Your Conclusion. After you have your paper outlined, figuring out a concluding paragraph should be a breeze.

In a traditional 5-paragraph essay, the first step in writing your conclusion is to dhl reviews restate your thesis using different words. For example, I might write, The 5-paragraph essay is an outdated and useless writing tool that should be phased out mrs johnstone of the classroom. To close out the paper, I would open a discussion on the broader significance of this argument. For example, I might write, Teachers should teach other methods of essay writing that help students stay organized and also allow them to dhl reviews think analytically. Now that youve established all the components of your 5-paragraph essay outline, youll need to actually sit down, avoid social media for mrs johnstone a while (I know, its hard), and write your 5-paragraph essay. Believe me, it will be much easier to do now that your thoughts are organized and you have somewhere to start. Ask any writer. There is of gisha, nothing more frightening than the pure white of an empty page. An outline is a great remedy for mrs johnstone this. Oh, and a couple more things: As you start writing, youll want to be sure to essay on success connect all the mrs johnstone pieces of your essay together with strong transition sentences. Dont just line up the Essay is Sweeping notes from your outline and call it done. Mrs Johnstone? And always, always be sure to edit; if you need help with that, you can use Kibins essay editing services.

Spend a little extra time adding those finishing touches that will elevate your essay from robert cromwell good to great. How about you? Do you work from an mrs johnstone, outline? Or are you more accustomed to writing by memories the seat of your pants? Let us know in the comments.

Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd. Excellent post. Love the paradoxical example. I#8217;ll try this with my blog posts. We#8217;re not huge fans of the 5-paragraph essay, but we realize it#8217;s still a widely taught and mrs johnstone, utilized writing method. The paradoxical example was the perfect way for us to express our own view while still writing a valuable and useful article. I#8217;m glad you appreciate it #128521;

I liked it so much I created a Mind map for hawking it at Xmind. Mrs Johnstone? http://www.xmind.net/m/bjGj/ Hope that#8217;s okay. Very cool! Thanks for doing and sharing this, @sganpat:disqus. this is completely helpful. Awesome! Glad it helped you. #128578; What a very useful tips that is so applicable in memories, all writer#8217;s on mrs johnstone how to write well written paragraph. I think these are all very efficient and effective things that everyone should learned. Memories Of Gisha? Thank you for mrs johnstone the good tips and methods of writing you have putted here. It was all useful and memories of gisha, helpful stuffs. Thank you for mrs johnstone your comment! I#8217;m so glad you found this post to memories of gisha be useful and helpful.

Well explained about how to mrs johnstone construct an argument. Wow nice post ! Will definitely use it when I write again #128578; Fantastic! Glad you found it useful. #128578; Wow nice post ! Thank you for sharing this #128578; Very nice article. Thank for postmodernism definition sharing this. You#8217;re welcome!

Glad you found it useful. Mrs Johnstone? I really appreciate your post. Structure is the soul of any essay and you describe it in a great way. Thanks for Essay on The is Sweeping the Nation: Trench your kind comments! Great question!

Here is mrs johnstone, a good blog post that covers alternative structures: http://thelamppost.ca/alternatives-to-the-five-paragraph-essay/ Thank you very much for the article is very important information! I especially liked the point Step Seven: Step Seven: Develop Your Conclusion clearly we need to develop this part of the Essenes.

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14. Writing a Grant Application for Funding. This toolkit supports the work of preparing a successful grant proposal. Outline for Writing a Grant Application for Funding. In this Toolkit, you will find supports for mrs johnstone writing a grant application for funding. Part I gives a step-by-step overview of the grantwriting process.

Part II provides a general template for writing a grant application. Completing Part II will give you a solid proposal that can be adapted to meet specific grant opportunities and review criteria for specific funders. Additional tools can be found at the end of the section. Part I. OVERVIEW OF THE GRANTWRITING PROCESS. Before writing the robert oliver grant application: Identify the problem/ goal area for which funds will be sought.

Develop relationships with grantmakers when possible. Communicate with grantmakers about mrs johnstone your work periodically, even when you are not in sociology the process of submitting an application. This may help you learn about future funding prospects, as well as increase your chances for a successful proposal. Thoroughly search for relevant grant opportunities. See Additional Resources for a list of mrs johnstone, grantmakers or potential funders. Dhl Reviews! Consider the mrs johnstone following types of funders: Government agencies (e.g., federal, state/province, or local) Private foundations or donors Corporate foundations or businesses. Consider the proposed project/goals fit with the identified funder(s).

Learn the funder's grantmaking philosophy, program interests, and isobel hawking criteria. Does the funder make grants that meet your needs? Check the mrs johnstone purpose of on success, grants offered: Seed money (not ongoing operating expenses)? Direct Service? Other? Check the mrs johnstone size of grants offered, including minimum and maximum awards. Determine whether you will need to apply for multiple grants and essay on success investigate whether this is allowable under the guidelines of each funder.

Check out the timeline for mrs johnstone submission, and the funding cycle. Of Gisha! Check other restrictions (e.g., geographic preferences, priority issues, type of mrs johnstone, organization that can apply), and make sure you meet the postmodernism funders requirements. Mrs Johnstone! In the case of memories, federal or state grants, these may include certification or pre-approval, which may have to be completed well before the mrs johnstone grant's application deadline. Look at the number and kind of past awards given by the funder and isobel determine whether your odds of receiving funding warrant the effort it takes to mrs johnstone, prepare a competitive grant proposal. Is Sweeping Marianas! Check to see if there is organizational fit between your group/ projects mission and mrs johnstone that of the funded. How does your groups work reflect the funders values and goals? How does the proposal advance the funders mission while staying within your groups mission? Check to see if you meet the eligibility criteria.

If the grant requires partnering, consider whether you have a history of dhl reviews, sharing responsibilities and resources with other organizations. Is there a potential partner for mrs johnstone this grant? Are matching funds required (in which your group commits money/resources)? Before beginning, determine if you have the needed time, energy, and other resources to prepare an effective grant application. Learn the of gisha funder's preferred method of initial contact (e.g., e-mail, phone, face-to-face meeting). Check to see if the funder offers a conference call or web conference briefing session if so, attending may be well worth your time. Check to see if the funder offers Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on their website, and mrs johnstone review these in detail.

The FAQs may be updated periodically. If you see value in a pre-application meeting, and if the funders guidelines dont tell you otherwise, consider requesting a meeting with the grantmaking agency. Or, consider having others make contacts with the funding agency for you especially if someone who knows you and your work already has a relationship with someone in the funding agency. This may be in your best interest if you are new to definition sociology, grant-writing, know few people in foundations or funding agencies, or dont have much of a track record in this area. Review the literature to find out what approaches might work in mrs johnstone your situation. Learn about the problems and goals of the community, and work with partners to develop an intervention for addressing them with the proposed funding. Good practice calls for full involvement of the community and postmodernism definition sociology other partners in all aspects of this work. Develop an action plan for mrs johnstone the intervention. Indicate how you will adapt the intervention or best practice to fit the needs and context of your community (e.g., differences in resources, cultural values, competence, and language).

Identify the mode of delivery through which each component and element of the intervention will be delivered in stephen hawking hawking the community (e.g., workshops for skill training). Specify the core components and elements of the intervention. Identify and assess best practices or evidence-based interventions that could help address the problem or goal in your situation. Set goals and objectives for what success would look like. Analyze the problem or goals to be addressed by the intervention. Indicate how you will obtain community involvement in identifying problems and goals to mrs johnstone, be addressed by the intervention. Describe the postmodernism definition sociology prioritized groups to mrs johnstone, benefit and those implementing the intervention.

Identify other groups and approaches in the community for addressing this problem/ goal. Assess the Essay the Nation: level of the problem or goal. Identify the mrs johnstone community problem/goal to be addressed and what needs to be done. Create (or refine) a logic model or framework for the project outlined in the grant proposal. This will communicate how the activities will lead to the intended results. Outline the on The is Sweeping the Nation: vision and mission of your project. State the objectives of mrs johnstone, your project or effort. State the context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the intended outcomes (e.g., history of the effort, broad cultural and environmental factors, economic conditions). Identify inputs, resources and barriers include both resources or supports available and stephen isobel constraints or barriers to meeting the initiatives objectives State activities or interventions - what the initiative or program does to bring about change and improvement (e.g., providing information and mrs johnstone training skills, enhancing support, modifying access, changing policies). State outputs - direct results or products of the groups activities (e.g., number of people trained or activities conducted).

State intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include shorter-term, intermediate, and longer-term effects). Using the components listed above in memories of gisha items a-g, draft a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of change. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative. (e.g., how would the mrs johnstone lives of dhl reviews, individuals and communities be better?) Identify your criteria or indicators for mrs johnstone judging success. How will success be measured? Determine who will be responsible for collecting data or accessing data sources. Indicate the role of documentation and evaluation in supporting program improvement and determining effectiveness, along with your plan for documentation/ monitoring your efforts. Describe the results you expect to achieve by the end of the funding period.

Clearly outline the amount of funding requested for each type of funding sought (e.g., amount for salaries, travel, and equipment). Create a budget justification (i.e., a description of why each type of expense is is Sweeping Marianas needed). Consider all forms of potential revenues (e.g., other grants and contracts, local funding, memberships, in-kind support), as well as all forms of mrs johnstone, expenses (e.g., staff salaries and postmodernism definition benefits, consultants, travel, equipment, supplies, rent, insurance), for each year of the mrs johnstone proposed project. Identify appropriate matching funds or resources if applicable. Plan for sustainability of the project funders often want to see a plan for how the project or group will be maintained after the grant period. Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. Identify specific tactics to be used to sustain the effort (e.g., sharing positions and resources, becoming a line item in an existing budget). Follow up to be sure that the proposal arrived. Identify a contact person at the grantmaking agency. Dhl Reviews! Prepare a thank you letter.

Follow up with partners or other key stakeholders that contributed to the proposal or would support implementation. Securing one grant takes multiple applications. Dont wait to hear about one application before sending out mrs johnstone, another. Once word has been received from the grantmaking agency about the funding (or lack of approved funding), debrief with the group to discuss lessons learned and next steps. Continue efforts to diversify the types of memories, funding and types of funders that support your work. Be persistent. Part II. WRITING THE GRANT APPLICATION.

Be sure to include important information (e.g., the mrs johnstone RFA or grant name, proposal name, agency name). PROPOSAL NARRATIVE (usually a total of 10-20 pages) After drafting the narrative, have someone with limited knowledge of the proposal give you feedback based on the review criteria. Review and critique your draft proposal using the scoring criteria used to review proposals. Review and critique the draft proposal to essay on success, see if it meets the mrs johnstone proposal requirements. Essay On Success! Prepare and present the final proposal in a reader-friendly format that will make scoring easy for grant reviewers (e.g., label sections based on mrs johnstone proposal outline and criteria, use bold to highlight key points).

ABSTRACT/ EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. The abstract/ executive summary (typically less than one page) should clearly and briefly summarize the proposal. Devote at least one sentence each to the statement of the problem/goal, context, project mission and objectives, organizational and community capacity, methods, evaluation plan, and plan for sustainability. Keep it clear and simple. The abstract should clearly articulate what the proposal is about, and how it fits the funding priorities and criteria.

Although this will be the first thing the of gisha reviewer reads, it should typically be written last. Prepare the mrs johnstone abstract after the rest of the proposal is complete. That way, you wont have to rewrite it as your proposal evolves. Statement of the Community Problem or Goal. State the community problem or goal to memories, be addressed.

Describe the mrs johnstone active involvement of the community in robert cromwell cromwell defining the problems and goals and planning the mrs johnstone approach. Document evidence of the problem, including data on the scope or level of the problem. You may use public records of community-level indicators and/or community surveys to communicate the importance of the problem/goal. Describe how you have determined that this project is needed in your community (e.g., community assessments, surveys or public records that support the need for the project). Document evidence of community concern about the issue, including information from people affected by the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and cromwell oliver cromwell reports from the media. (You may want to use public forums and focus groups). If available, attach media reports on the issue or problem in this community. Mrs Johnstone! State whom the problem or goal most affects and how they are affected by robert cromwell oliver it.

Describe how the mrs johnstone problem or goal is linked to other related issues in the community. Describe the geographic area that defines the community (e.g., city, town or village, urban neighborhood or rural area), including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics (e.g., commercial/residential area, quality of physical environment, etc.). Describe the intended beneficiaries of the project and their relevant characteristics (i.e., ages of essay on success, those affected, race/ethnicity, income levels, education levels, etc). State community assets, challenges, and needs. State other recent and current efforts in the community to address the mrs johnstone problem/ goal. II. PROJECT MISSION AND OBJECTIVES, ORGANIZATIONAL AND COMMUNITY CAPACITY. Mission and Objectives of the robert cromwell cromwell Project. State the vision for the project related to the problem or goal identified by the community. State the mission of the project or initiative.

State the overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative State the key behavioral objectives for the community project or initiative (e.g., what are the measurable impacts that could be expected in 3 5 years. Describe the mrs johnstone Organization's Capacity to Conduct the Project. Include: A brief overview of the organization, including its mission or purpose, and its clients or groups that benefit from its work. Process checklist: defining organizational structure and operating mechanisms. Organizational development (how long has it been around, how it has grown, how has capacity been extended). If applicable, include information about agency or staff accreditation or licensure.

Resources and assets (e.g., people, financial, etc.). Include a summary of key personnel and partners, including their experience and skills, previous work in addressing the problem or goal to be addressed, and their anticipated roles in on success this initiative including percentage of time dedicated to the program. Identify the relationship of the lead contact for the proposal to the Applicant organization. Describe the Communitys Capacity to Address this Problem/ Goal. Include:

Community assets and resources. Level of readiness to engage in this work, including results of any previous assessments of mrs johnstone, readiness or capacity (if available). Describe support from and collaboration with other organizations. Describe the roles of other partners in memories of gisha developing the proposed project, and how the mrs johnstone proposed project will involve them in operations. Essay! State how you will collaborate with other organizations to address client needs and avoid duplication of services.

Attach letters from collaborating organizations. (Letters of support should be on mrs johnstone the organizations letterhead and include the name, title, telephone number and stephen hawking isobel hawking e-mail address of the appropriate contact person within the partner organization). Describe the factors or conditions that contribute to mrs johnstone, the problem or goal. Describe the personal factors (e.g., past history, knowledge, and memories of gisha skills) and environmental factors (e.g., available support and resources, policies) that may contribute to the problem/goal. Describe the lead agencys previous work addressing the problem/goal. Describe significant accomplishments of the organization and mrs johnstone successes with related projects (if new, of members or staff in previous roles). Attach media reports in Appendix A, if available. First, identify the objectives and strategies for the proposal consistent with the aims of the RFA. Then, address the following: Intended Beneficiaries and How to Reach Them. Identify primary groups to benefit and other prioritized groups to be reached through the project. Describe the hawking universal approaches to be used to mrs johnstone, reach many or all of the on The Inspiration is Sweeping Trench people in mrs johnstone the prioritized group.

Describe the targeted approaches to be used to reach those at higher risk for the problem or concern. Mobilizing Resources and Overcoming Barriers. Describe the people who could potentially help address the problem or goal, the essay assets they could contribute, and how they will be engaged in the project. Describe material resources (e.g., money, equipment) which could potentially help address the problem or goal, the assets that could be contributed, and mrs johnstone how they will be used. Essay! Identify the mrs johnstone key stakeholders (those who have something to gain or lose by the efforts to address the Essay the Nation: problem or goal) and how they will be involved in the project. Mrs Johnstone! Describe potential sources of resistance to the project, the forms it might take, and how resistance could be reduced. Troubleshooting Guide: We are facing opposition or conflict.

Describe potential barriers to the project, the memories of gisha forms it might take, and how barriers could be removed or reduced. Troubleshooting Guide for Solving Problems: Common Problems, Reflection Questions, and mrs johnstone Links to Support Tools Proposed Project Activities Logic Model. Include a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of on success, change for your project. Be sure to include: Intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include immediate, intermediate, and longer-term effects) Outputs or products of the groups activities Activities or interventions to mrs johnstone, bring about essay change andimprovement Inputs, resources and barriers for meeting the initiatives objectives The context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the intended outcomes The objectives of your project The vision and mission of your project Intervention and mrs johnstone Action Plan complete and include the following: Components of the postmodernism definition sociology Intervention (for example) Specific Elements of the Intervention. Providing Information and mrs johnstone Enhancing Skills.

(e.g., workshops to train skills on) Enhancing Services and Support. Modifying Access, Barriers, and Opportunities. Changing the Consequences (e.g., incentives) Modifying Policies and Broader Systems. Other (be specific): Action Plan for Implementation.

Element of the Intervention (e.g., workshop) What needs to be done: It may be appropriate to include an implementation timeline (sometimes, this is appropriate to include in the appendix). Indicate the role of documentation/evaluation and feedback in supporting program improvement and determining effectiveness, along with your plan for memories documentation/ monitoring your efforts. Mrs Johnstone! Describe the robert oliver cromwell results you expect to achieve by the end of the funding period. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative. Describe your criteria or indicators for judging success. How will success be measured?

Indicate how evidence will be gathered about whether the project as conducted was consistent with the plan. Note how this information will be used to improve functioning of the initiative. Indicate how evidence will be gathered about the contribution of the intervention to the outcomes of the project. Mrs Johnstone! Note how this information will be used to improve functioning of the initiative. Indicate how information will be gathered to support the objectives of the funders. Describe how the performance measures identified by dhl reviews the funder (especially for state or federal grants) will be collected and measured. Indicate how information about satisfaction of stakeholders and collaborators with the project will be gathered regularly. Note how this information will be gathered and used to enhance functioning of the mrs johnstone initiative. Indicate how community-level indicators (e.g., children immunized; incidence of drinking and driving or related injuries; percentage of people who are overweight) will be used to determine whether the effort made a difference with the community problem or goal. Indicate how the behaviors (or products of behavior) of prioritized groups will be measured to determine whether the initiative had an effect on key behaviors (e.g., percentage of dhl reviews, people reporting regular physical activity or being overweight.) Indicate how community and system change (e.g., new or modified programs, policies, or practices) will be documented to determine whether the environment has changed related to the mission. Indicate how other things occurring in mrs johnstone the community during the initiative will be documented to memories of gisha, determine how they may have contributed to the observed effects (or lack of effects).

Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. This should include a description of the activities, services or products to mrs johnstone, be offered. Generate an annual budget, including: All projected expenses (e.g., salaries, office expenses, rent, utilities, phone and computer expenses, equipment, travel, etc) All projected income - based on on The Trench current sources of mrs johnstone, funding and on success other in-kind resources. Use the anticipated budget to: Evaluate the financial resources needed to mrs johnstone, sustain the programs and services of the initiative.

Identify ways to generate resources other than money (e.g., time, materials) to meet some of the anticipated expenses. Indicate how you will use potential tactics for financial sustainability, including: Sharing positions and resources Becoming a line item in an existing budget of robert cromwell cromwell, another organization Incorporating the initiatives activities or services into another organization with a similar mission Applying for mrs johnstone grants Outline a specific action plan for sustaining the organization or effort (i.e., who will do what, by when to implement chosen tactics for sustainability) Include appropriate supplemental items in the Appendix. The appendix should not include any information essential for the review of the application since the Essay on The is Sweeping the Nation: Marianas Trench review of the appendix is often optional for the reviewer. Mrs Johnstone! Include appropriate Letters of Support (LOS). Establish relationships and be sure to request letters well in advance of the submission deadline. Review all prepared materials carefully prior to submission. Essay On Success! Review the checklist for following funders' guidelines for mrs johnstone practical tips to maximize chances for success.

Example 1: Grant application to The Vicki Scott Foundation to improve healthcare access for Hispanics. 2506 Crestline Circle. Lawrence, KS 66047. People for Universal Health Care. September 22, 2000. Kansas State Health Department. Attn: Grant Committee. 618 N. Sociology! Bay Country. Topeka, KS 67525.

Dear Sir or Madam: The mission of mrs johnstone, our organization is to improve the health and well-being of children in essay on success Marshall County, Kansas through education and improved community programs. We would like to raise the immunization rates of Marshall County to the national goal of 90%, from their current levels of 69%, in the next five years. We are interested in immunization rates in Marshall County because there is little or no system to mrs johnstone, ensure that the children of that community receive proper immunizations. Too few children receive proper immunizations by the age of two years, even though childhood vaccinations have been acknowledged as the most cost-effective way to prevent certain infectious diseases. Therefore our goal is to increase the rate of children, particularly those at the age of Essay Inspiration that the Nation: Trench, two or younger, having been adequately vaccinated in Marshall County. We believe that we have the capacity to carry out this initiative because we have a strong history of mrs johnstone, success in child and youth services, as well as health and wellness services. Our members include employees of Latvia Memorial Hospital, such as nurses, technicians, and a member of the business office. Our organization also includes a member of the local United Way, the community health department, and several community members who serve various functions within the county. Our organization has a variety of resources for Essay Inspiration that is Sweeping the Nation: funding, including donations of needed supplies by the local hospitals and clinics.

The County Health Department and local health organizations, including the United Way, also contribute to mrs johnstone, our funds with annual donations. Finally, our organization receives financial assistance through fundraising by local businesses. We are requesting additional funding from the Kansas State Health Department to help start this initiative. We chose to approach you because we feel that our organizations have similar missions: to improve the health and definition sociology well-being of mrs johnstone, Kansans. We are targeting one particular population of Kansans at this time: the children of Marshall County. Thank you for your time and consideration. I. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM AND CONTEXT. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM OR CONCERN. State the robert cromwell oliver cromwell community problem or concern to be addressed. We are concerned about the growing number of uninsured/underinsured Hispanic workers in the Durham, NC community. This community has issues of access related to language barriers, the mrs johnstone lack of health insurance, and the lack of dhl reviews, transportation to the clinics currently available in the area.

It is also noted that many area clinics such as the Lincoln Community Health Center are overwhelmed by the increasing number of Hispanics in need of health care services. Document evidence of the problem, including data on the scope or level of the problem. You may use existing public records of community level indicators and/or community surveys. Document evidence of community concern about the issue, including information from people affected by the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and reports from the mrs johnstone media. State who is affected by the problem or concern and memories how they are affected by it. The immigrant population is primarily affected by mrs johnstone the problem of lack of access to robert oliver, adequate health care. The area health clinics and hospitals are overwhelmed by the influx of the growing Hispanic population and are finding it difficult to meet the mrs johnstone needs of this community. DESCRIPTION OF THE COMMUNITY. Describe the geographic area that defines the community including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics. Durham, North Carolina is a medium-sized city, and (along with Raleigh and Chapel Hill), it is one of the three towns comprising what is commonly known as The Research Triangle. Known as the City of Medicine, Durham is perhaps best known by outsiders for the Durham Bulls minor league baseball team and for Duke University and Medical Center.

Durham is also home to two other colleges, North Carolina Central University (the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans), and Durham Technical Community College. The town is very diverse, already boasting the memories of gisha same racial diversity that America will have in 2050. It is also a city that is growing very rapidly. In 1999, the estimated population of mrs johnstone, Durham was 204,097; that figure represents over a 10% increase from the estimated population in 1990 (181,835 people). While the town was founded primarily with money from tobacco over a hundred years ago, it is now a major center for research and development, with major corporations such as IBM and Glaxo Wellcome having a home in Research Triangle Park, most of which is a part of the city of that, Durham. Indeed, trying to mrs johnstone, cope with the booming growth that has hit the memories of gisha area is one of the largest challenges facing area planners. Describe the community people who are the intended beneficiaries of the project and mrs johnstone their relevant characteristics. Our project is being developed to serve the isobel hawking needs of Hispanic residents of Durham County, including those who have come to this country illegally. Mrs Johnstone! In 1996, the official figure published by the Census Bureau for Hispanics was a population of robert cromwell, 3,466, or 1.8% of the mrs johnstone population. However, local Hispanic advocates estimate the true figure is closer to 8,000 residents. As Katie Pomerans, the Hispanic ombudsman in the Office of Citizen Services puts it, [The Census figures definitely don't] have anything to do with reality.

They're grossly undercounting, and it makes no sense. Any way you count it, the number of Hispanics in the county is on the rise. The Census Bureau states that the Hispanic population of Durham grew by 11% from memories, 1995 -- 1996, and the number of Hispanic children in schools jumped by 25% during the same time period. This increase in population has been noticed in the medical community as well. Mrs Johnstone! Lincoln Community Health Center, a low-cost clinic that charges a sliding scale, is seeing its Hispanic clientele grow markedly. Essay! For example, in just the two years from 1994 and mrs johnstone 1996, the percentage of the postmodernism definition patient population that was Hispanic tripled, from 2.7% to mrs johnstone, 7.1% of the clinic's visitors. This increase shows no signs of slowing down, and is severely straining the on The that is Sweeping Trench clinic's resources. As a whole, Hispanics in the United States have a myriad of problems that make them less likely to seek and obtain health care. Nationwide, only 11% of Hispanics have at least a Bachelor's degree, as compared to 28% of non-Hispanic whites. They are three times more likely to live in poverty than non-Hispanic whites (26% vs.

8%); 34% of Hispanic children live in mrs johnstone poverty. Hispanics are also much less likely to have health insurance, even if they do have full-time jobs. A recent study done by The Commonwealth Fund found that 37% of Hispanics who work full-time are not covered by definition insurance, compared with 20% of blacks and 12% of whites. The Hispanic community in Durham, as is the case with Hispanics throughout the country, have unique health care needs. Not the least of these is actually having the resources to mrs johnstone, get them in the door of a medical office. Robert Cromwell! As The News and Observer, one of the local newspapers, reported last summer, The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is mrs johnstone growing, but several barriers -- including a language gap and lack of transportation -- haven't made it an stephen hawking easy trip to the doctor's office.

Even in the face of adequate medical care, Hispanics still, as a whole, are affected by many medical problems to a much greater extent than are members of other racial or ethnic groups. For example, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and tuberculosis are all health concerns which occur in mrs johnstone Hispanics more frequently than in postmodernism definition other populations. The recent rubella epidemic among area Hispanics is another example of the mrs johnstone need for culturally appropriate health care in our community. Clearly, this population needs more medical assistance than it is currently receiving in dhl reviews Durham. ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OR SITUATION. Identify the mrs johnstone basic conditions or root causes that may contribute to the problem or concern. Include which behaviors of whom need to change to address the problem or concern.

It is ironic that in the City of Medicine there are residents who cannot get adequate health care. Unfortunately, that irony exists; and it is growing to such an extent that this irony is definition quickly becoming a tragedy. The booming Hispanic population is at mrs johnstone the root of this problem. The rate of immigration, both legal and illegal, into the city is Essay on The Inspiration is Sweeping Marianas unprecedented in the area's history. Existing resources, including the Public Health Department and Lincoln Community Health Center, are being strained beyond capacity. And quite simply, in many cases Hispanics in our community cannot afford to mrs johnstone, go anywhere else. In Durham in 1990, for example, 285 households headed by Hispanics had incomes below $24, 999; and 157 had incomes below $14,999. In addition, in many cases, barriers of language and knowledge are difficult to overcome. While some clinics have Spanish-speaking personnel or interpreters, many do not. Additionally, the Essay that is Sweeping the Nation: Marianas Trench very people who do not regularly seek medical care in the community are the same people who are unaware of the resources already available in the community (for example, STD hotlines in mrs johnstone Spanish and cromwell disaster assistance).

ORGANIZATIONAL CAPACITY TO CONDUCT THE PROJECT. Describe the nature, depth and continuity of the organization's leadership. Our board of directors is made up of dedicated, passionate medical and non-medical personnel. They have shown continuous dedication to their community through past fundraising and volunteer efforts. Our current Board is mrs johnstone made up of postmodernism, physicians, physician assistants, nurses, pharmacists, social workers and community leaders, including members of the Latino community. Important posts in mrs johnstone the clinic will be filled as follows. Medical Director: MD Executive Director: PA-C Clinical Manager: RN (paid position?) Describe other resources and assets of the organization. We have already 50 volunteers offering at least two hours per month to staff the clinic as follows, per cromwell, night:

Volunteers will be scheduled regularly as first Wednesday or second Wednesday, etc. Describe the mrs johnstone organization's past history of success related to the proposed work. While we are new as a group, our many years of service to the community will prove invaluable in this endeavor. Members of our board have over 75 years combined experience in medicine and over 100 years experience working in the Hispanic community. We have chosen board members based on their experience, proven dedication and Marianas Trench commitment to this cause. Describe support from and collaboration with other relevant organizations. Our networking capabilities extend into local, state and national professional organizations such as the mrs johnstone American Medical Association, American Academy of Physician Assistants, American Nurses Association, and American Pharmacists Association.

We are working with some of the memories local professional groups and other local charitable groups to form partnerships for the clinic. Partnerships could include financial and mrs johnstone in-kind support, dedicated volunteer hours, and leadership and administrative support. Essay On The Inspiration Is Sweeping! We also receive guidance and support from Volunteers in mrs johnstone Healthcare, the dhl reviews Public Health Foundation and mrs johnstone the Free Clinic Foundation. II. Stephen Hawking Isobel Hawking! PROJECT VISION, MISSION, AND OBJECTIVES. State the positive vision for the community related to the problem or concern.

Helping the Latino community will pay for itself many times over in the future. A community is only as successful and productive as each of its citizens. By helping some, we're helping all. State the mission of the project or initiative. To provide culturally-appropriate free primary health care services to individuals who lack access to care, especially those of Hispanic origin. This will be accomplished through a culturally-diverse, volunteer-based organization with emphasis on education and outreach. State the overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative.

The overall objective of mrs johnstone, this project is to improve the health of the Hispanic population of Durham. III. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION/ METHODS OF INTERVENTION. TARGETS OF CHANGE AND HOW REACH THEM. Identify primary targets of change.

All members of the Latino community of Durham, regardless of age, religion, country of origin, immigration status or ability to pay. Indicate how targets will be reached by the intervention. Our primary means of Essay on The is Sweeping Marianas Trench, reaching the mrs johnstone Hispanic population will be through the local Spanish-language media. Stephen! On a secondary level, board members will be expected to meet monthly, and receive feedback from community leaders quarterly. Information received from mrs johnstone, these meetings will be evaluated and acted upon accordingly. MOBILIZING HUMAN AND MATERIAL RESOURCES. Describe the people who could potentially help address the problem or concern, the assets they could contribute, and how they might be engaged in addressing the memories problem. Any members of the community who are willing to donate their time and help improve the health status of the mrs johnstone Latino community.

This volunteer pool can include community and memories of gisha religious leaders, trained healthcare workers, administrative personnel and mrs johnstone members of the media. Describe material resources which could potentially help address the problem or concern, the assets that could be contributed, and postmodernism how they might be used to address the problem. We will be looking for in-kind donations of new and used medical equipment including exam tables, medical supplies and pharmaceuticals. We will also be in need of office and record-keeping materials. The local media will be called upon to mrs johnstone, donate advertising space and general support.

Identify the key stakeholders and how they will be involved in the project. There are many people who will be affected by this project. Those most affected of on success, course will be the mrs johnstone recipients of the of gisha clinic's services, primarily the Hispanic population. We are anticipating they will have better access to basic health care services and their overall state of mrs johnstone, health will improve through this increased access. They will be involved not only as patients of the clinic but also through their feedback they will help to essay on success, organize and plan services. We are hopeful that these same patients will become advocates of good health practices and peer educators in their community. Another large group which will be affected through the institution of this project are the local hospitals and clinics which serve this same population. Mrs Johnstone! These institutions are overwhelmed with the large influx of this population in the area and will certainly benefit from memories, a number of their patients receiving basic health services in mrs johnstone our clinic. This will free up more time and resources for them to deal with the cromwell more complex cases.

They are also involved heavily as many of the volunteers for our clinic will come from mrs johnstone, these same health institutions. Finally the local community churches which serve this same population will also be affected by Essay is Sweeping Trench this project. Mrs Johnstone! We have collaborated with these organizations for some time now and they also are involved with the organizing, planning, and outreach educational services. The also serve as a valuable source of volunteers as well as patients and our collaboration is of gisha a key to the success of this clinic. TARGETS, BEHAVIORS, AND STRATEGIES FOR INTERVENTION. Outline the mrs johnstone key targets of change, key behaviors that need to dhl reviews, change, and the strategies or intervention components to be used to mrs johnstone, change behavior. There are several groups we see as key targets of change. Memories Of Gisha! Broadly, the mrs johnstone Durham health care community needs to address this overwhelming problem of the migrant Hispanic populations difficult access to Essay Marianas, healthcare as a separate and more comprehensive issue.

Though each individual institution has taken steps to address the issues on an individual level, the numbers of mrs johnstone, these patients are becoming overwhelming and Inspiration that is Sweeping the Nation: need to mrs johnstone, be addressed on the community level. Our clinic offers a wonderful opportunity for this issue to dhl reviews, be addressed on mrs johnstone a community level. Also this clinic tackles the robert cromwell oliver cromwell issues of language barriers, the lack of health insurance, and the lack of mrs johnstone, transportation to the other health services currently available in cromwell oliver the area. These institutions can address some of these issues through outreach programs at our clinic as well as serving as volunteers and addressing the issue at a personal level. Secondly, the mrs johnstone Hispanic migrant community itself must change.

With improved access to healthcare comes the individual responsibility to take advantage of these services in not only the treatment of illness but also in the prevention of illness. Many health issues can be not only prevented through immunizations, education, and dhl reviews lifestyle changes but can also be arrested in the earlier stages of illness if addressed at an earlier time. These issues can also be addressed throughout clinic, however the true work here must begin at the community level. Through individuals as well as the community churches those in the Hispanic migrant community must educate each other about healthcare maintenance preventative issues. This can be addressed in mrs johnstone a continual education and Essay Inspiration that Marianas outreach network working closely with the clinic and in the local churches and surrounding community. Describe what success will look like for the project or initiative. Success can be defined as serving a desired volume of patients or by making an impact on one individual patient. It will take about six to eight weeks to mrs johnstone, reach the memories anticipated patient volume, but a positive individual impact can be seen on the first night. We expect to see 500 patients in mrs johnstone the first six months. As we are a new project, our original goals for success are modest. As we continue and grow as an organization, we hope to dhl reviews, expand our focus, and to measure the effect of our project on mrs johnstone the overall health of postmodernism, Hispanics in Durham.

More specifically increased rates of mrs johnstone, immunizations and increased screening and treatment of; tuberculosis, diabetes, and Inspiration is Sweeping the Nation: Marianas hypertension. We are also planning to address many basic primary care concerns such as upper respiratory infections and ear infections in children. What indicators or benchmarks can help detect improvements in mrs johnstone the problem or concern. As addressed above one simple indicator we can follow in order to evaluate the success of our program is the immunization rates of Essay Inspiration that is Sweeping the Nation: Trench, both children and adults. It is also possible to measure or compare screening rates for tuberculosis, diabetes, and hypertension through percentages within those at risk in mrs johnstone the patient population. Even more specifically we can track the follow up visits for the treatment of essay on success, those with these same diseases. We also must ask for the community leaders and mrs johnstone churches to address their community for evaluation and essay on success possible improvement of mrs johnstone, our services.

Indicate how implementation of the intervention will be monitored. Hawking Hawking! Note how this information will be fed back to improve functioning of the initiative. The indicators mentioned above will be monitored on mrs johnstone a monthly basis. Of Gisha! Also monitored will be the number of new and return patients. These measures of performance will be recorded by the nurses and providers in the patients charts at the time as reason for the visit and will be collected and recorded in a master document by the non-medical assistants helping that same evening.

For at least the first year following the implementation of the mrs johnstone project the Board will meet monthly to discuss any problems as well as the progress of the clinic. The community leaders will be asked on a quarterly basis to hold meetings within the community either at dhl reviews churches or at local gatherings. This will be for both informing the people of the services available to them as well as requesting feedback from the community, which will be presented at monthly Board meetings for mrs johnstone evaluation and possible implementation. During the hours of operations, technical and/or administrative problems will first be fielded by the Clinic Manager, to be followed-up by the Executive Director when necessary. Indicate how information about dhl reviews satisfaction of mrs johnstone, key stakeholders and robert oliver cromwell with the project will be gathered regularly and used to enhance functioning of the initiative. As discussed above there will be monthly Board meetings to mrs johnstone, discuss any problems encountered as well as progress of the stephen isobel clinic on mrs johnstone a monthly basis for at least the cromwell cromwell first year of operation. The community leaders will also be asked to reach out into mrs johnstone their communities on at least a quarterly basis to both inform the community of the services available and any changes implemented. Here they will primarily ask the community for any input they have concerning the essay clinics operations. This information will be presented to the Board at the monthly meetings. Additionally, as patients leave, we will ask them to take part in an informal, oral interview that will remain anonymous (e.g., their names will not be attached to mrs johnstone, their answers).

Those surveyed will be asked a short list of open-ended questions that have been reviewed by memories of gisha an expert in mrs johnstone Hispanic studies and an epidemiologist. NB: Although an oral interview is not ideal, due to the possibility of Essay on The Inspiration is Sweeping the Nation: Marianas Trench, bias (e.g., a desire to please the interviewer), we believe it is necessitated by the large percentage of our population who may be illiterate. Indicate how possible (negative) side effects of the project or initiative will be detected and remedied. Note how this information will be used to minimize those side effects? Negative side effects of this project will be detected at several levels.

The most essential level that will be monitored as to side effects is the community, especially the patient population. Information from these oral interviews mentioned above, both positive and mrs johnstone negative, will be reviewed by our Board of Directors on a monthly basis, and dhl reviews adjustments will be made accordingly. This will also happen through the mrs johnstone help of community leaders and churches. Dhl Reviews! Here the population will be asked to give their feedback concerning the clinic and improvements or changes that need to be made. This information will be channeled back to the Board, which will try to implement as many changes as possible to improve services. Another important group to be monitored will be that of the mrs johnstone volunteer base which will help to on The Inspiration the Nation:, run the clinic.

The volunteers will be encouraged to express their concerns and ideas to both the Clinic Manager and the Executive Director who will express these concerns at the monthly Board meetings. We will also use suggestion boxes for mrs johnstone volunteers who wish to make anonymous comments. These will be evaluated first by the Clinic Manager and presented at the monthly Board meetings for discussion. Indicate how community-level indicators will be used to determine whether the effort made a difference with the community problem or concern. Most of our indicators of success will be in stephen the day to day numbers of mrs johnstone, how many patients were seen daily. We will also track specific major public health issues, such as:

The number of children immunized at our clinic The number of women receiving well-woman exams The number of Essay Inspiration is Sweeping the Nation: Marianas Trench, patients screened/treated/educated for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases The number of patients receiving screening and/or treatment for diabetes, hypertension and tuberculosis The number of prenatal referrals that occur at our clinic. We will also work with other community health centers, most notably Lincoln Community Health Center and the Durham Public Health department, and mrs johnstone attempt to determine if there is a difference in hawking their utilization due to our clinic. In the future, we hope to correlate the numbers from our clinic with statistics from our community of overall health (e.g., the rate of mrs johnstone, STD's; the essay on success rate of mrs johnstone, immunization in the community, et cetera). However, this information and work is outside of the domain of this original grant proposal. V. Robert Cromwell! PLAN FOR FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY. List strategies that will be used to sustain the initiative and/or its successful components after this grant ends.

While the startup grant which we are applying for today is crucial to get our program on mrs johnstone our feet, it is our goal that the program will eventually be entirely sustained through the use of local resources. To that end, our financial sustainability plan includes all of the Essay on The that is Sweeping Marianas Trench following: United Way funding. We are currently in negotiations with the mrs johnstone United Way of memories of gisha, Durham County to receive a small stipend from their annual budget. Funding from local churches. Our Lady of Guadeloupe, a local Catholic parish with a large Hispanic population, has pledged a small donation of $750 annually to help pay for some services. In-kind donations. We are lucky that the Triangle is home to mrs johnstone, several major pharmaceutical companies.

We are currently in negotiations with several companies to have donations of medications and other medical equipment brought to our clinic on postmodernism a semi-regular basis. Mrs Johnstone! Private, individual donations will be used to develop a core funding source to cromwell oliver cromwell, help the center run in mrs johnstone perpetuity. Essay Inspiration! We will also seek further grants from both public and private foundations to further our work. VI. OVERALL SIGNIFICANCE AND PROSPECTS FOR SUCCESS. In one paragraph, state WHY this project should be done: a) at all, b) in this community, c) at this time, and mrs johnstone d) by this organization. The need for free, culturally sensitive health care for the burgeoning Hispanic population in Durham County, North Carolina is great. By all accounts, it will grow substantially in the coming decade.

The recent rubella outbreak among area Hispanics offers us only a small taste of what the future could bring. By acting now, our proposal offers a chance for a group of seasoned, dedicated professionals to stephen hawking hawking, start a clinic that will be able to grow with the growing Hispanic population. We hope our clinic will contribute to a thriving, diverse, healthy community , and ask that you seriously consider our proposal. Thank you. Appendix A: Attach Letters of Support and Commitment from Collaborating Organizations. Father Mark O'Reilly. Our Lady of Guadeloupe Catholic Church. Durham, North Carolina 27704. Telephone (919) 477-6789. I am writing this letter in support of the new free Hispanic health care center that has been proposed in our community. I have been a priest in Durham for the past 15 years, and in my time here, I have seen my parish grow tremendously, primarily due to the large influx of Hispanic immigrants who continue to become our neighbors here in town.

As a priest, I am privy to mrs johnstone, many of on The Inspiration is Sweeping Marianas, their difficulties, and it strikes me time and again how many of these problems are due to a lack of adequate health care. Many do not have money to go to mrs johnstone, the doctor. Of those who do, many are afraid to do so because of their immigration status, or because their English is memories not adequate to mrs johnstone, understand a clinician's directions or even explain their problems. Many of these people I have accompanied to local clinics and served as their translator; but if I did this for every person who needed this in my parish, I would no longer have time for anything else. I understand this letter will go to on The is Sweeping the Nation: Marianas Trench, support a grant application, and will be read by those unfamiliar with this problem, with our community. Please understand that while you see words on a page, I am watching children die because they did not receive the care that was necessary. Mrs Johnstone! The need is urgent, and the time to act upon it is now.

I have the highest confidence in those who are running this new clinic. They are extremely competent clinicians who are well respected by this community. They can get things done. Most importantly, they are passionately dedicated to this cause. I have total faith in their abilities to get things done, and I and my parish are supporting their work completely. We have offered them a modest stipend of $750 annually (the amount our parish could afford), and many of our parishioners will be volunteering at the clinic.

I urge you to support their efforts as well. If I can be of any further service, please do not hesitate to of gisha, let me know. Yours in Christ, Human Relations Department. Big Drug Corporation. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27707. To Whom It May Concern: We are writing in support of the new free clinic that is being proposed in our area. Mrs Johnstone! As one of the nation's leading pharmaceutical providers, we believe it is important that the community in which we are based be one of the healthiest in our nation. It is to that end that we have pledged our support to this new clinic. It is essay part of our mission to give something back to the community that graciously houses us.

Although we have not yet finalized the specifics of mrs johnstone, our donation to the new clinic, we hope to be a regular benefactor, probably through donations of our products. Stephen Hawking! We believe the clinic will do outstanding work and fill a necessary niche in our community. We hope that you will join us in supporting this worthy endeavor. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office at (919) 383-1234. Julie R. Nielson. Human Relations Associate. Big Drug Corporation. Appendix B: Documentation of the growing Hispanic population in Durham.

December 21, 1997. The News Observer. Estimate alarms Hispanic advocates. By NED GLASCOCK; STAFF WRITER. RALEIGH -- The U.S.

Census Bureau says North Carolina's Hispanic population continues to multiply. But Hispanic advocates say Uncle Sam still hasn't figured out how to mrs johnstone, count. New population estimates continue to underestimate the true scope of North Carolina's recent wave of Hispanic immigration, advocates say. They worry that the apparent underestimation could mislead policy-makers about the level of state and local resources needed to address the influx. The Census Bureau estimates that 134,384 Hispanics lived in the state in July 1996, an 11 percent increase over 1995 and 73 percent more than in sociology the 1990 census. However, the mrs johnstone new figure falls far below the estimate of 205,000 made by state health officials in 1996, said Katie Pomerans, Hispanic ombudsman in the Office of stephen hawking isobel hawking, Citizen Services, a wing of the state Department of Health and Human Services. A lot is at risk, Pomerans said. Mrs Johnstone! The reason why they count population is because we're supposed to offer services to that population. You plan for growth that way - for the number of memories of gisha, schools you need, the number of parking spaces you need.

But nobody knows the actual figure, even after they count it. In addition, racial and ethnic counts are used to help draw congressional voting districts, and some federal agencies and other organizations rely on them for their formulas to allocate money. In the Triangle, the apparent discrepancy between official figures and reality is mrs johnstone pronounced in essay Durham, where estimates by local Hispanic groups put the population about 8,000. The bureau, in contrast, says 3,466 Hispanics called Durham home in 1996, representing 1.8 percent of the mrs johnstone county's population. It definitely doesn't have anything to do with reality, Pomerans said.

They're grossly undercounting there, and it makes no sense. Although the Census Bureau says Durham's Hispanic population grew by 11 percent from on The the Nation: Marianas, 1995 to 1996, the number of Hispanic children in the Durham public schools jumped by 25 percent over the same time frame, from mrs johnstone, 562 to 705, she said. Hispanic advocates also question the figures for other Triangle counties. The Census Bureau reported: - 11,227 Hispanics in Wake County, or 2.1 percent of the county's population. That figure is a 15 percent increase from the year before and a 103 percent rise since 1990. 2,508 Hispanics in Orange County, or 2.3 percent of the population. Dhl Reviews! That number is 12 percent higher than the 1995 figure and 93 percent higher than 1990's. Overall, Hispanics make up a tiny fraction of the state's population - 1.8 percent of the state's 7.3 million residents in 1996, according to the bureau. Still, even that percentage is on the increase: In 1990, Hispanics made up 1.2 percent of North Carolina's population.

Nationally, the mrs johnstone Census Bureau has forecast that Hispanic people will represent almost a quarter of the U.S. population by on The Inspiration the Nation: Marianas the year 2050, up from one-tenth currently. The Census Bureau demographer who arrived at the new North Carolina figures was not available for mrs johnstone comment last week. Agency publications caution that the new figures were produced using new methodology, were based on the 1990 census and should be used carefully. A number has a lot of consequences and can have a big impact, said Andrea Bazan Manson, vice president of definition sociology, El Pueblo Inc., a statewide Latino advocacy group based in the Triangle. Manson said the group often uses estimates of 250,000 to 300,000 for Hispanics in the state. Mrs Johnstone! The way that we base that is by taking into account migrant farm workers, she said.

For years, Hispanic advocates across the country have complained about what they regard as undercounting. Whether the census data for memories North Carolina are accurate or not, the trend of growth in Hispanic numbers is undeniable and can still help guide policy-makers, said Susan Brock, a migrant health coordinator with the nonprofit N.C. Mrs Johnstone! Primary Health Care Association. [The numbers] are not without value, particularly if you know they're an undercount, she said. I don't know that any data [are] perfect. Many factors contribute to the underestimation of Hispanics, Brock said. Among them are the language barrier and the fact that sometimes more than one Hispanic family lives in a house. Some of North Carolina's most recent immigrants, young men from Central and South America working construction jobs, bunk up at the rate of five, 10 or more per household. In addition, undocumented immigrants are reluctant to essay, come forward and be counted.

Manson said the mrs johnstone low estimate was expected, because advocacy groups in on The Inspiration that Trench the state were not well-organized in 1990 and because the rate of Hispanic immigration was rapid. I am actually glad that people are learning and beginning to realize the numbers are low, she said. But we have a lot further to go in trying to make sure we get an accurate picture of how many Latinos make North Carolina their home. Pomerans acknowledged that it was difficult for any agency to mrs johnstone, track a tremendous surge in hawking hawking immigration such as the mrs johnstone one North Carolina has experienced, especially over the past several years. We have to just hope that with the next census, it's better done, she said. A lot of that depends on essay on success the help of the community and educating people about the importance of responding to the census. February 22, 1998. The News Observer. Spanish lessons (Part A) (First of two parts)

By Ruth Sheehan and Ned Glascock; Staff Writers. Lured by mrs johnstone the prospect of good jobs in a humming economy, Latino immigrants have flocked to the Tar Heel State in essay on success record numbers this decade, literally helping build the new North Carolina as they forge new lives. But this historic demographic shift is placing a large burden on state and local governments - a burden for which nearly every agency and branch of government is ill-prepared and under equipped. Although Latinos remain a small fraction of mrs johnstone, North Carolina's overall population - about 2 percent - the robert cromwell cromwell U.S. Census Bureau estimates their numbers have increased more than 70 percent since 1990.

Hardly a town has gone unchanged. Over the past six years, as Latino enrollment in mrs johnstone the public schools has tripled and the number of postmodernism sociology, Latinos receiving Medicaid has increased sixfold, the government response has remained piecemeal. Some agencies have begun printing pamphlets in Spanish, hiring a few Spanish-speakers and holding crash courses to explain important cultural differences that can affect service delivery. But there is no coordinated strategy. It is not as if this wave of immigration is mrs johnstone some big surprise at this point, says Katie Pomerans, a liaison for the Spanish-speaking community with the state Department of robert cromwell, Health and mrs johnstone Human Services. Dhl Reviews! It's a fact. It's a reality. Mrs Johnstone! We are behind the curve, well behind the curve on this one. Most of the difficulties revolve around language: schools struggling to teach children who don't speak fluent English; doctors and dhl reviews other health professionals who can't ask patients about their symptoms or explain medical procedures; police officers unable to complete a simple traffic stop with a Spanish-speaking driver, let alone question a crime victim or suspect. Latinos in North Carolina represent a variety of Latin American countries and every economic class.

But it is the wave of working-class migration mainly from poor areas of Mexico and Central America - and even other parts of the mrs johnstone United States - that poses the dhl reviews biggest challenges for government. Adding to the problem in North Carolina is the state's inexperience with immigrants. Unlike many regions of the country, North Carolina has never been a significant destination for non-English-speaking immigrants. And the mrs johnstone answers for stephen isobel how to deal with this unprecedented influx of new residents - some legal, some not - have proved elusive. Government agencies in North Carolina are playing catch-up, says Aura Camacho Maas, a member of the state Human Relations Commission and founder of the Latin American Resource Center in Raleigh. I don't think anyone was prepared for the changes taking place in the region, she says. The first reaction from mrs johnstone, many different sectors was to ignore it. But I think we've evolved quite a bit from that. People are beginning to address those issues now.

But it will take a while. It requires developing human resources, it requires training - for the new community and the existing community. Government's struggle to match the rapid pace of postmodernism definition sociology, change plays out in the classroom, the courthouse and mrs johnstone the health clinic in nearly every community in North Carolina. Here is a collection of snapshots from the front lines. Among schoolchildren: Mary Mason's specialty is language. But these days, she's preoccupied by the numbers. As coordinator of the English as a Second Language program at that is Sweeping Athens Drive High School in Raleigh, Mason sees the demand arcing upward in mrs johnstone what is perhaps the most crucial interface between new Latino immigrants and the state: the public schools.

This year, Mason's program is home to 206 kids, six teachers and two assistants. Statewide since 1990, Latino students' numbers have more than tripled, and the number of Latino kindergartners has almost quadrupled. The Wake County public schools have nearly doubled their ESL teaching positions in dhl reviews the past year, and the pace is so frantic that some new ESL teachers are sent into the classroom while they're still training for certification. It's really breathing down our necks, says Tim Hart, Limited English Proficiency coordinator for Wake County. These children are here because somebody employs their parents, says Fran Hoch, who heads the second languages program for the state Department of Public Instruction. And they're not the children of migrants, she says. They're here to stay. We used to be doing our best just to give them whatever kind of schooling we could for the few months we had them, Hoch said. Mrs Johnstone! Now they are part of our accountability.

If we don't serve them, they become part of hawking, our dropout rate. The state's answer, the ESL program, has been outmatched almost from the start. Mrs Johnstone! In urban counties such as Wake, children are grouped by age and language proficiency. In rural counties, one ESL teacher might have to serve many schools, and classes can contain students from all over the world with a wide variety of ages and needs. The younger the child, the easier it is to robert cromwell, pick up English - and the easier to learn a new language in a normal classroom environment. For high school students, it's more difficult; they not only are learning a new language, but also must use that language to study complicated subjects such as science, mathematics and literature. Says Hoch: There's a big difference between learning 'See Jane run,' and solving algebraic word problems.

The state does not track dropout rates for ESL students. But Mason, the high school ESL coordinator, has kept an informal tally over the past few years. The boys, she says, have the hardest time. Of the last 26 she's taught, only mrs johnstone two had graduated by May. The prospects are not good for these kids, she says. Consider the challenges facing Adriana Reyna, 15, who moved here a year and essay a half ago from Mexico.

When she enrolled at Athens in August she could say only mrs johnstone one word in English: Hi. Now she spends two hours a day in ESL, and the rest of Inspiration Marianas Trench, her time she is mainstreamed into courses where students are encouraged to discuss complex concepts. Reyna has no idea what her classmates are talking about. I say nothing, she says. Mrs Johnstone! I only listen. On the job: Inside the cramped, concrete-block duplex in Durham, Tom O'Connor listens intently to the Honduran woman with the long brown hair. In Spanish, she explains how her boss at a Raleigh fast-food restaurant has shorted her paycheck again. And although she's a full-time worker, she receives no health benefits. O'Connor asks whether these things have happened to any of her co-workers. Her face creases with an expression that's part grin and part grimace.

Solamente a los hispanos, she says. Only to the Hispanics. The Nation: Trench! Creo que es que somos hispanos. I think it's because we're Hispanics. O'Connor takes notes. He will look into it.

As executive director of the non-profit N.C. Mrs Johnstone! Occupational Safety and Health Project, O'Connor's job is to be an advocate for ill-treated workers. More and more, his cases involve workers from Mexico and other countries south of the border. But truth be told, neither O'Connor nor the state labor department has a handle of this segment of the work force. It is North Carolina's boom, its abundance of jobs, that fuels the immigration surge. And the new arrivals, many fleeing poverty back home, play a vital role in the state's growing economy. Anyone driving past a construction site need only cromwell cromwell look to confirm that Hispanics make up a large and growing percentage of the workers erecting the new subdivisions, office buildings and shopping malls that mark North Carolina as a player in the New South. They take some of the dirtiest and most dangerous jobs - slaughtering chickens, paving highways, logging trees. But at the state level, O'Connor and mrs johnstone others whose job it is to know whether existing labor laws and policies are effective are flying half-blind. They have little but anecdotal evidence about Latinos' work conditions. Dhl Reviews! They lack basic information about their numbers, their immigration status and the hazards they face on the job.

Now, N.C. Mrs Johnstone! State University researchers - teaming up with O'Connor's advocacy organization, the memories of gisha state Department of Labor, labor activists and mrs johnstone others - are undertaking an ambitious study of the state's Hispanic work force. The preliminary results raise as many questions as they answer, says Jeffrey Leiter, a professor of sociology and anthropology at NCSU, who is helping lead the research. For example, Leiter says, he thought the team would find disproportionately high on-the-job injury rates for Hispanics, partly because of stephen hawking, safety issues arising from the language barrier. But an unexpected pattern emerged from the information on large work sites the mrs johnstone team pieced together from Essay Inspiration that is Sweeping the Nation: Marianas, federal and state databases: In certain job categories, a surprisingly low percentage of mrs johnstone, Latino employees reported workplace injuries.

In the stephen hawking isobel hawking category concrete work, for mrs johnstone instance, Latinos made up 26 percent of the work force in Essay Inspiration that is Sweeping 1995 but accounted for less than 8 percent of the mrs johnstone reported injuries. If the reporting is not accurate, we have a big problem identifying who is at postmodernism sociology risk and why, O'Connor says. Mrs Johnstone! We can't understand what the problems are and how to reduce injuries. If the data is telling us one thing and the reality is another, we have a big problem. Leiter's team of students and researchers will soon conduct field interviews to determine whether Hispanic workers are less likely to report injuries. Perhaps it's a fear of reprisals or, if they are in the country illegally, a desire not to attract attention. O'Connor says some of the apparent under reporting might result from employer pressure. Some companies encourage injured Hispanic workers not to essay on success, file worker's compensation claims, promising the company will cover medical costs, he says. Unaware of their rights, many injured workers agree, he says, only to be left without recourse later because they have no documentation of the injury.

Appendix C: Documentation of mrs johnstone, health problems that face the Hispanic population. The News Observer. Rubella outbreak hits Latinos hard Illness, fear twin foes in Chatham. By Ben Stocking; Staff Writer Page: A1. SILER CITY - An outbreak of rubella - a disease that had been nearly eradicated in the United States - has spread with remarkable speed among Latin American immigrants in Chatham County. Public health workers have documented 50 rubella cases so far, compared with 146 in the entire nation last year. To contain the outbreak, health workers have been going from memories of gisha, home to home, business to business trying to persuade immigrants to be immunized.

Clinics have been held anywhere that Latinos gather, from churches to mrs johnstone, supermarkets. Gaining their trust has been hard, said Maria Rangel-Sharpless, an epidemiologist with the state Division of Maternal and Child Health. We've had to overcome a lot of cromwell oliver, obstacles. Nearly four weeks into the outbreak, state and county health officials are confident that it is mrs johnstone almost contained. But new cases are still being reported, and dhl reviews teams of mrs johnstone, nurses and interpreters expect to continue their intensive immunization campaign for at least another three weeks. Rubella, or German measles, is a virus that causes rashes and flu-like symptoms that last for robert oliver nearly a week. The disease is mild in most people, but can be dangerous for pregnant women, especially those in mrs johnstone the first trimester. Their children have a dramatically higher incidence of dhl reviews, birth defects such as blindness, deafness, heart problems and mental retardation.

The outbreak poses no threat to anyone who has received the rubella vaccine - usually administered in childhood - but those who have not are susceptible. The disease has spread primarily among Latin Americans because they come from countries that don't routinely vaccinate for rubella. Many of the newcomers are unaware rubella can cause birth defects, and they are suspicious of government workers. Overwhelming majority: So far, 49 of the mrs johnstone 50 documented cases have been Latinos, including four pregnant women. While most of the cases have been discovered in Chatham County, five have been reported in cromwell neighboring Lee County and two others in mrs johnstone neighboring Randolph County.

State health officials have told departments in nine other nearby counties, including Durham and Wake, to be on the lookout for additional cases. The first cases were spotted the dhl reviews second week of April by a nurse at the Perdue poultry processing plant in Siler City. She noticed that two plant employees had developed rashes. By the following Monday, 13 more employees had developed the same rash, Sharpless said. The nurse called the Chatham health department, which notified state officials. They ordered blood tests that showed the workers had rubella. Since then, the county has held clinics at nine Chatham businesses where the work forces range from 20 percent to mrs johnstone, 80 percent Hispanic. Essay On Success! The first one began at 5:30 a.m. April 19, when health care workers vaccinated 650 people at the Perdue plant. nantly Hispanic neighborhoods and trying to persuade everyone to get vaccinated.

Many Latinos have been receptive, said Melida Colindres, who has been helping the health department. But some have been fearful, especially those who come from rural areas where they had little or no contact with the health care system in their home countries. We have had to go to their houses two or three times and really convince them that this is a health issue and that they needed the vaccine and that their children needed the vaccine, Colindres said. It didn't take too long before the the county workers had exhausted themselves, as well as some of their medical supplies, according to Brenda Dunn, nursing supervisor for the Chatham County Health Department. They called on the March of Dimes, which agreed to mrs johnstone, provide syringes and other supplies. They also requested assistance from the hawking National Guard, which has sent in a team of medics to help give vaccinations.

8,000 vaccinations: The state is mrs johnstone paying for the immunizations, which cost $8 each, according to Stefanie Groot, a spokeswoman for the state Division of dhl reviews, Maternal and mrs johnstone Child Health. So far, about 8,000 people have been vaccinated. According to the 1990 census, Chatham has a population of about 43,000 people. Robert Cromwell Oliver! But health department officials estimate that 7,000 to mrs johnstone, 8,000 Hispanics have moved to essay on success, Chatham, most of them since the last census. With so many un-immunized people living in the area, and so many living and working in close contact, health care workers said conditions were ripe for the rapid spread of the disease.

Rubella passes through casual contact, as easily as a cold. Mrs Johnstone! It's like a chain reaction, a domino effect, said Sharpless, the state epidemiologist who is tracking the cases. You just need one sick person and a bunch of susceptibles to start an epidemic. In one case, health care workers found 31 men living in the same house and as many as four families living in a single trailer. In such conditions, disease can spread very quickly.

Health care workers have also found that some Hispanics are working at two or three jobs, bringing the disease from one job site to the next. Tracking this outbreak has been especially difficult for health care workers because an memories unknown number of the Hispanics in Chatham have come to the country without documentation. Many live in fear of mrs johnstone, being deported and are afraid to speak with any government representative. Health care workers have gone out of their way to reassure people that they aren't going to be deported if they get the vaccine. We can usually get to the bottom of each case, but it does take an awful lot of reassuring them that we are a helping agency and not a threatening agency, said Dunn, the Chatham nursing supervisor. The National Guard medics came in uniform the first day, but since then have been working in essay civilian clothes so that the Hispanics wouldn't be intimidated. Three-fourths Hispanic Dunn said roughly 75 percent of the people immunized so far by the Health Department have been Hispanic. With health care workers focusing their efforts on mrs johnstone the Hispanic community, many have worried that Americans who are uneasy about immigration will use the epidemic as an definition excuse to justify discrimination. Mrs Johnstone! The state has received two calls from dhl reviews, North Carolinians who wanted to know why the state was paying to vaccinate immigrants. Groot, with the state Division of Maternal and Child Health, said people need to realize that the rubella outbreak is a public health issue, not an immigration issue.

We're here to serve anyone who needs medical assistance, she said. Part of public health is mrs johnstone containing disease - no matter where it originates or how it crops up. We need to contain it to protect everyone. For his part, Jesus Luna, a Mexican immigrant who has lived in Siler City for two years, appreciates the efforts that the health department has been making. He was vaccinated two weeks ago when a team of health care workers came to the Townsend chicken processing plant where he works. The health department has a good team working with the Hispanics, he said. They told us it was very important to on success, get vaccinated. People weren't aware of the danger. October 12, 1997. The News Observer.

Minority health concerns heard. By CATHERINE CLABBY; STAFF WRITER. More than 300 people took state officials up on their offer Saturday and came to Raleigh to propose ways to improve the health of North Carolina's racial minority residents. But they didn't talk much about mrs johnstone medicine. Instead, in heated discussions in sterile meeting rooms at a Raleigh conference center they spoke long and essay on success loud about the social, economic and spiritual threats to people's well-being. They laid bare hostilities between races - especially African-Americans and Latinos - and voiced eloquent pleas to set them aside. And they filled page after page of mrs johnstone, bright orange sheets with advice on how state officials could better help people struggling against odds that white North Carolinians do not live with. When they were done, they demanded action.

I suggest we do this annually and check to see if the state follows up on the recommendations, Mary Beamon of the Wake County chapter of N.C. Fair Share suggested near the end of the day. If they don't, we can reiterate them. Sentiment was strong because participants know that racial minorities are more likely to suffer from all sorts of health threats. Using an approach now popular in public health circles, staff members from the dhl reviews N.C. Office of Minority Health are seeking guidance from community leaders on how to do their jobs better.

The men and women who arrived before breakfast at the Jane S. McKimmon Center and left just before dinner offered them an earful, including feelings on mrs johnstone the health threats posed by memories violence. Dr. Paul R. G. Cunningham, a surgeon and trauma director at the East Carolina University School of mrs johnstone, Medicine, has concluded that doctors must view violence as a public health threat. Dhl Reviews! That notion struck him after years of rushing mostly African-American and Latino young men into surgery to treat gunshot or knife wounds. Now he and other physicians are leaving the hospital grounds and mrs johnstone volunteering in the community to try to prevent this plague. Cromwell! For a while I had become desensitized, he said. We had failed. Luis Alvarenga, director of the community group La Casa Multicultural, said the recent increase in mrs johnstone robberies of Latinos in Durham is connected to other problems in Inspiration that the Nation: Trench the inner city. Mrs Johnstone! The street drug trade attracts armed thugs to poorer neighborhoods where Latino laborers live, he said.

In every single neighborhood there is drug dealing going on, he said. That is bringing this viciousness in. At a session on environmental health risks encountered by people of color, Gary Grant, executive director of Concerned Citizens of Tillery, said poor towns and neighborhoods have become dumping grounds for polluting industries such as large-scale hog farms. Caroline Whitehead Doherty of the N.C. Office of Rural Health said migrant workers are not the only people who don't have adequate access to stephen hawking hawking, clean water. Rural residents who depend on wells frequently find their water supplies contaminated by mrs johnstone agricultural runoff.

Not all of them can afford to buy water every month, she said. By the end of the day, conference organizers had piles of envelopes stuffed with the orange sheets. Participants, who came from on success, across the state, suggested everything from mrs johnstone, eliminating the food tax to putting counseling stations next to Essay on The Inspiration Marianas, police substations in poor neighborhoods. Some were concerned that Gov. Jim Hunt hadn't attended what was billed as The Governor's Minority Health Conference. Barbara Pullen-Smith, director of the state's minority health office, assured people that Hunt would see their suggestions.

A troubling current running through the gathering was the animosity between some African-Americans and Latinos. Alvarenga, the Durham Latino organizer, didn't have to say that many of the robberies he was discussing were committed by blacks. Mrs Johnstone! Several people knew. Ava White, who farms with her husband in Robeson County, said that some African-Americans resent that government funding might be used to provide services to those Latinos who are not legal residents and don't pay taxes at the same rate they do. In Spanish, with help from an interpreter, he thanked state health officials for memories of gisha bringing so many people together. He said much was accomplished by mrs johnstone so much talk. But there was more work to be done. I think this is like a rising flame. The commitment you have made is dhl reviews a seed in our heart, he said, working his way to mrs johnstone, the challenge. It is important that tomorrow be different than today.

The racial division must end. We don't do this for ourselves but for the future. Then, perhaps because of Melendez' respectful tone - or perhaps because of the weight of everything they shared - people cried. White, brown and black. Health gap: Some statistics showing the health risks facing minorities compared with whites in North Carolina: - Minority babies in this state are twice as likely as white infants to postmodernism definition, die. The average life expectancy for mrs johnstone minority adults is dhl reviews five years shorter. African-Americans and other minorities are six times more likely to develop AIDS. Minority men are 2 1/2 times more likely to die from prostate cancer, and mrs johnstone minority women are three times more likely to die of cervical cancer, which is easily treated when detected early. Minorities are 40 percent more likely to die from heart disease than whites. Appendix D: Documentation of the lack of access to appropriate health care faced by the Hispanic population in Durham. The News Observer.

Access to health care unequal in N. On The That Is Sweeping Marianas! Carolina. By Ned Glascock; STAFF WRITER Page: A8. In North Carolina, the report from the Centers for Disease Control pointed to disparities among whites, blacks and Hispanics in access to health care in 1997. For instance, 12.8 percent of whites surveyed reported having no health-care coverage, compared to 20.4 percent of blacks and 21.4 percent for Hispanics. The percentage of all North Carolina respondents who lacked health care was 14.7 percent, slightly above the national median of 12 percent. The report also painted a portrait of mrs johnstone, Tar Heel health. A slightly higher percentage of North Carolinians surveyed were obese - 18.4 percent - than the dhl reviews national median, 16.6 percent. About 16 percent of whites surveyed were considered obese, compared to nearly 30 percent of blacks and a quarter of Hispanics. Also, fewer North Carolinians in the survey exercised and drank alcohol than the U.S. median, but more smoked cigarettes. Nearly 41 percent of Tar Heels surveyed had not exercised in the past 30 days, compared to the national median of 28 percent. About 38 percent of North Carolina respondents said they drink alcohol, while the national median was 53.5 percent.

And 26 percent of North Carolinians surveyed smoked cigarettes, with the national median pegged at 23.3 percent. In North Carolina, the survey did not include enough respondents in two categories - American Indian or Alaska native and Asian or Pacific Islander - to tabulate statistically reliable results. Mrs Johnstone! For Hispanics, a category of ethnic origin that includes people of any race, only Essay Trench 82 respondents were contacted in mrs johnstone North Carolina, just above the cutoff of 50 required by the survey. The News Observer. FINAL WORD Page: A32. Falling through the essay cracks: We used to mrs johnstone, be able to access the School Health Fund occasionally for certain medical needs of Hispanic children without Medicaid. But when the supplementary Medicaid program was funded, that money was rolled into the new program. So we now have no source of funds for these kids unless the doctor will donate his/her services.

Some will, bless their hearts. But it is very hard to get dental care, glasses, lab tests this way. We hope the General Assembly will rethink the qualifications for the Medicaid supplemental program so that children in need can be served. Migrant outreach worker Edgecombe County Schools. The News Observer Report says Hispanics lacking in health care. By The Associated Press Page: A11. CHICAGO -- Hispanics lack medical coverage more than any other U.S. ethnic group, and the nation's fastest-growing minority suffers a higher share of ailments such as diabetes and essay on success AIDS, researchers say. Hispanics will comprise almost 11 percent of the population by the year 2010 and mrs johnstone will be the nation's largest minority group, census figures project. Yet poverty, lack of medical insurance for many jobs they hold, and their minority status in health professions often effectively bar them from good medical care, researchers say. The situation gets even more bleak as Hispanics adopt U.S. culture -- including its smoking and eating patterns, said a report today in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The issue is devoted entirely to the topic of on success, Hispanic health.

Rates of diabetes among Hispanics run some three times higher than those among non-Hispanic whites, noted a journal editorial co-authored by Surgeon General Antonia C. Novello, the first Hispanic to hold that post. Dr. Novello wrote with two staffers at the U.S. Public Health Service. Hypertension appears to be more prevalent, they said. Hispanic children suffer disproportionately from lead poisoning and measles. Injuries and violent death are also tragically elevated among Hispanic children. Certain cancers also strike Hispanics at higher rates than non-Hispanic whites, as do tuberculosis, alcoholism, cirrhosis and infection with the AIDS virus, according to the editorial and a report by the AMA's Council on Scientific Affairs. Mrs Johnstone! The impact of the AIDS epidemic in Essay Inspiration that is Sweeping the Nation: Trench certain Hispanic communities has been alarming, the editorial said.

Although representing only 8 percent of the total U.S. population, Hispanics constitute approximately 15 percent of all reported cases of AIDS in mrs johnstone the United States. They said attacking the problem of postmodernism, intravenous drug abuse -- a major cause of mrs johnstone, AIDS virus infections in Hispanics -- was important. So is overcoming a well-known traditional resistance to acknowledging homosexuality in Hispanic communities, they said, because homosexual men account for a significant proportion of Hispanic AIDS victims. Memories! Also recommended were developing cooperative efforts on the U.S.-Mexican border to improve Hispanic health, collecting better data on the subject overall, and working harder to improve the health of Hispanic children. A bright spot in the Hispanic health picture was in research on newborns, the editorial said. Despite relatively low family incomes, poor health insurance coverage, and low use of mrs johnstone, prenatal care, Mexican-American newborns have relatively low rates of death and of low-birth-weights when compared to postmodernism sociology, non-Hispanic whites and to mrs johnstone, blacks. The News Observer. Latinos face health obstacles. By JEN GOMEZ; STAFF WRITER. DURHAM -- The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is postmodernism sociology growing, but several barriers - including a language gap and lack of transportation - haven't made it an easy trip to the doctor's office.

The key issue is the mrs johnstone language barrier, said Mike McLaughlin, who conducted a study on that the Nation: Trench Hispanic/Latino Health Issues through the N.C. Center for Public Policy Research. That was a clear finding, because if you can't communicate, it's pretty darn difficult to treat an illness. The study examined the issues health-care providers face when serving this young and fairly new ethnic group to North Carolina. Among other obstacles preventing low-income, immigrant Latinos from getting medical care: inadequate health insurance, lack of mrs johnstone, access to available benefits or services and transportation. For the study, more than 200 health-care providers in North Carolina were surveyed, with 94 percent of essay on success, local health departments participating, McLaughlin said. The study found that although Latinos make up 2 percent of the state's population, the rate of Latinos getting care is higher. In some health departments, Latinos made up 30 percent of the mrs johnstone clientele being served. On Success! In 1997-1998, Latinos comprised 22.6 percent of the total caseload at the Durham County Health Department.

The study was financed by the Kate B. Mrs Johnstone! Reynolds Charitable Trust in Winston-Salem; its complete findings will be released in mid-August. McLaughlin would only say: There was a clear thinking among local health-care providers that health care is a problem for Hispanics in their communities. It's a situation that hasn't gone unnoticed among local Latino leaders and members of the dhl reviews medical community. To better connect Latinos with doctors and medical agencies, they will be offering a health fair for Latinos on Sunday. More than 50 agencies and health-care providers will be there.

It will be a place where Latinos can easily learn plenty about their health and mrs johnstone available services. Health is a great concern for the Latino population, said Katie Pomerans, the Hispanic ombudsman for the state Department of Health and memories Human Services. Of the calls I get, I would say more than half of them are health-related. The fair will be from mrs johnstone, 3 to 6 p.m. in the gym and parking lot at Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, 810 W. Chapel Hill St. It was organized by a long list of agencies and Latino groups including El Centro Hispano, Duke Hospital and dhl reviews the National Guard.

A slew of services and information will be offered. Mrs Johnstone! Among them, screenings for cholesterol, hearing and vision will be provided. Along with booths with information on AIDS, infant car seats, healthier eating and CPR demonstrations. The effort was spearheaded by members of El Centro Hispano, a Durham group that with help from a city grant provides services for Latinos. Ivan Parra, director of El Centro, who regularly handles Latinos' questions about health care, said he hopes the of gisha fair will reach a large portion of the community. Most people don't know about the mrs johnstone (1-800-FOR-BABY) hot line for child care and of gisha prenatal services, Parra said. Most people don't know about services of the Red Cross in disaster situations. Latino leaders say they are upbeat about mrs johnstone recent efforts among grass-roots groups and medical agencies to robert cromwell oliver cromwell, educate people about available services. An informative health fair was held last year at mrs johnstone La Fiesta, a cultural and postmodernism educational event held annually at Chapel Hill.

Another one is being planned for the Sept. 18-19 festivities. I think it's a good source of mrs johnstone, information for people, McLaughlin said of the dhl reviews health fairs. Maybe on mrs johnstone how to take care of themselves a little better, how to get care when they do, which can be difficult when you're a stranger in a strange land. Significant strides also have been made at hospitals and clinics, where bilingual personnel has been hired and paperwork is in Spanish. Andrea Bazan-Manson, a researcher at the state Office of Minority Health, was especially pleased to hear of the study, which she said was the first in-depth look at Latino health, because it also offered recommendations for improving Latino health.

I think the health-care systems in North Carolina have realized that this is sociology a community that is growing and we need to mrs johnstone, start focusing on, Bazan-Manson said. A lot of them don't know what kind of services they can get. The Latino community is becoming aware of the services and using them and also paying for them. The News Observer. Hispanics less likely to have insurance, study finds. By THE WASHINGTON POST.

Minority workers, and especially Hispanic workers, are significantly less likely to have employer- provided health insurance than other workers in essay on success the same fields, according to a study from mrs johnstone, The Commonwealth Fund. The survey found that 37 percent of Hispanics with full-time jobs are not covered at essay work , compared with 20 percent of blacks and 12 percent of whites. Perhaps the most important lesson learned from the analysis is that having a job does not equalize chances of obtaining health insurance coverage for minority workers, the report concludes. Mrs Johnstone! This disparity suggests barriers to being insured beyond employment or having an sociology employer that offers health insurance benefits. One likely barrier is the growing out-of-pocket cost of employer-sponsored coverage - expenses that minority workers are less able to afford. The Commonwealth Fund study, based on a 1997 federal survey of 62,500 households, found that minorities were less likely to have employer-provided health coverage than whites whether they worked in large, medium or small companies. Recent health-care legislation will have little impact on minority health coverage rates, the report said. To assist minority workers, more sweeping changes, including a larger public role, are almost certain to be necessary, it said. The News Observer. North Carolina is experiencing a wave of Hispanic immigration that shows no signs of cresting and creates new challenges for mrs johnstone public services, including health care. This week, The News Observer has teamed up with WRAL-TV and the N.C.

Center for Public Policy Research for a special report on health care for Hispanics. The report is memories based on mrs johnstone a study, published this month in the center's magazine, Insight, on the obstacles that keep Hispanics and health care apart. On Saturday, tune into WRAL-TV at 7 p.m. for 30 Minutes, a weekly news magazine with host David Crabtree. On Sunday, see the Q section in The NO. Appendix D: Time Chart of Activities Needed to memories of gisha, Implement the Intervention. Appendix E:Time Chart of Activities to Build the Organizations Capacity to be Effective. Example 2: Rural Community Recreation Project: Increase Access to Technology for mrs johnstone People with Disabilities. Personal names and addresses were removed at the project's request. Other identifying information such as specific program names have also been changed for on success example purposes. Title: Rural Community Recreation Project (RCRP) Grant application to: The Community Foundation Assistive Technology Program.

Contact person: Executive Director. Applicant organization : Assistive Technology Partnership (ATP) 501 (c) (3) organization. The mission of the Assistive Technology Partnership is to mrs johnstone, increase knowledge about and access to assistive technology and information technology for people with disabilities. People with disabilities, families, and providers that serve people with disabilities. Project title: Rural Community Recreation Project. The Rural Community Recreation Project will address barriers to recreation participation faced by adults with disabilities. Essay! Assistive Technology Partnerships, in collaboration with multiple organizations, will promote inclusion, access, and availability of assistive technology used for recreation in two rural communities. Project activities will include community mapping of local recreation resources, training related to assistive technology use, provision of mrs johnstone, assistive technology devices to community recreation sites, and information dissemination. Time frame: January 1, 2004 - December 31, 2005. Statement of the community problem.

Recreation is an important and memories desired aspect of life for people with and without disabilities, but people with disabilities often face barriers to participation. The lack of knowledge about existing resources, inaccessible facilities, lack of training by community recreation providers, and a lack of appropriate adaptive recreation equipment are significant barriers to desired recreation and community participation. A recent Harris Survey of Americans with Disabilities found that 69% of mrs johnstone, adults with disabilities report their disability prevents them in some way from getting around, attending cultural or sporting events, participating in recreation, or socializing with friends outside their home. For individuals living in rural communities these barriers are even more exaggerated. In recent interviews, people with disabilities and memories community organizations discussed the barriers faced in the two sites selected for mrs johnstone this project. A Rocky Mount citizen explained, In small communities, it is not that we just have a lot of buildings that someone can't get into, it is that people are in the dark ages and don't even think of people with disabilities doing anything [swimming, sports, clubs, college, working]. Why should recreation participation be more difficult for people with disabilities?

Why are there often few existing adaptive recreation programs that provide accessible and inclusive facilities and even fewer facilities that have the of gisha assistive technology often required for many individuals with disabilities to participate in mrs johnstone specific self-determined recreation activities? If people with disabilities are able to find appropriate programs and/or necessary assistive technology they must often travel long distances. That Is Sweeping Marianas Trench! By focusing efforts on increasing access to existing community resources, people with disabilities will not have to seek out specialized programs outside their home community - they can participate in their neighborhoods with family and friends. This project seeks to equip consumers and recreation providers with access to assistive technology and the training necessary to achieve quality community recreation participation. The project will target two rural communities, Henderson and Rocky Mount. Mrs Johnstone! The Henderson area includes Vance County and extends into three neighboring rural counties - Granville, Franklin and Warren. Definition! Data suggests that this community may include as many as 131,542 residents.

U.S. Census Bureau (1996) estimates indicate that 25,519 residents may have a disability. The Rocky Mount area includes Edgecombe and Nash counties and mrs johnstone extends into Halifax and essay on success Wilson counties. For this community state data shows 267,063 residents and U.S. Census Bureau estimates 51,809 residents with a disability.

A lack of knowledge of recreation opportunities is one of the most common barriers to recreation participation among people with disabilities. Many people with disabilities simply don't know where to look for mrs johnstone recreation opportunities, how to ask about accessibility or programs and when and how to assert their rights. This project will begin to address this knowledge barrier by identifying recreation opportunities through the community mapping activities. Once people with disabilities know where to look for recreation opportunities, it is expected that recreation participation will increase. In addition, several factors contribute to the lack of inclusive recreation opportunities in rural communities.

First, recreation professionals in rural areas are typically generalists with limited training and exposure to inclusive recreation for people with disabilities. Robert Oliver Cromwell! Though it may seem that these professionals show less initiative to address the needs of mrs johnstone, people with disabilities and include them in robert cromwell community programs, it is mrs johnstone often a lack of training and awareness of hawking, these needs that is the barrier. An aquatics director at a rural YMCA explained, I know I should want to mrs johnstone, help more people, but I don't feel adequate enough in my skills. Essay Inspiration Is Sweeping Marianas! Similarly, a superintendent at mrs johnstone a state park near Henderson showed surprise when first learning about robert cromwell oliver assistive fishing gear and noting that he previously assumed that their $200,000 accessible fishing pier was sufficient. Training and technical assistance project activities will address this barrier to participation by providing the knowledge, skills and abilities needed to support inclusive recreation opportunities. Secondly, rural recreation providers generally have less financial ability to acquire assistive technology required to make many recreation opportunities accessible to people with disabilities. Recreation providers and individuals may not know that equipment is available that enable active participation for people with disabilities, how to obtain the equipment, or how to use the mrs johnstone equipment appropriately. Essay On Success! Handcycles, sports wheelchairs, bowling ball ramps, and electronic fishing reels are just a few examples of equipment and mrs johnstone assistive technology that can improve recreation participation.

Funds provided by this project will bring the financial resources into these rural communities to purchase assistive technology for recreation that they would not otherwise be able to essay, afford. This equipment will remain in the community and benefit the community for years to mrs johnstone, come. PROJECT VISION, MISSION AND OBJECTIVES. The vision of the postmodernism definition Rural Community Recreation Project is to increase recreation participation among people with disabilities. The mission of the Rural Community Recreation Project is to eliminate barriers to recreation participation for adults with disabilities living in mrs johnstone Henderson and Rocky Mount and surrounding areas by memories of gisha increasing awareness and access to recreation through assistive technology and training. Overall objectives for the project include the mrs johnstone following:

An increase in the awareness of dhl reviews, existing community resources and the benefits associated with participation in traditional and mrs johnstone nontraditional recreational opportunities and increased participation rates; An increase in the number of community recreational opportunities that are accessible, inclusive and have necessary adaptive equipment from which residents with disabilities may choose; An increase of knowledge by community recreation providers, resulting in more responsive and robert cromwell inclusive service provision to consumers with disabilities; An increase in the availability of assistive technology for recreation activities with increased recreation participation by individuals with disabilities; The development of community commitment to sustain project outcomes through the mrs johnstone maintenance of assistive technology at community sites and website.

The target population for this project is adults with physical or cognitive disabilities who have limited access to community recreation opportunities. Recreation providers are also a target population. Mobilizing human and material resources. The human and hawking isobel hawking material resources are gained primarily from the lead project organization, the mrs johnstone project staff and stephen hawking collaborators. Together, they will implement the project. Mrs Johnstone! The lead organization, Assistive Technology Partnership, is a private non-profit organization, established in 1994. It operates with a 13-member board of directors. Essay On Success! Board members include individuals with disabilities, parents of children with disabilities in addition to representatives from mrs johnstone, state agencies, businesses, and the medical and education community. Having provided services in 100 counties, ATP has state-wide reach.

ATP also has a mailing list of 5,000 individuals and organizations, important for the marketing and outreach of this project. ATP has received numerous grants and completed many successful projects. The executive director for ATP will serve as the project director for this project. Responsibilities will include budget oversight; hiring of postmodernism, inventory surveyors; marketing of the project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and presentations; coordination of site trainings; liaison with community network groups; oversight of mrs johnstone, contract employees; dissemination of information and reports; preparation of hawking isobel, required reports; and coordination and oversight of AT mini grants. The community mapping coordinator will be responsible for the community mapping process including the training of surveyors, developing the survey instrument, developing format for mrs johnstone the community resource web page, oversight of the programmer, data entry and web developer. The third member of the project staff is the training coordinator. On The That The Nation: Trench! Responsibilities of the mrs johnstone training coordinator include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers.

Numerous key stakeholders have been identified as collaborators in memories of gisha the project. Mrs Johnstone! Much of the success and sustainability of the robert oliver project depends on these collaborators. Mrs Johnstone! An initial list of collaborators and their role in the project is as follows: Kerr Lake State Park has already begun building accessible facilities and has agreed to be a pilot site for training and placement of assistive technology. Vance County Senior Center will provide space for staff who will complete the memories community mapping phase of the project. Sunrise Medical will provide trainers, equipment for demonstrations, and training and discounts on purchase of recreation equipment.

Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Health will provide in kind staff support, involvement of local fitness councils and mrs johnstone financial support through matching funds. Independent Living Program will disseminate information, identify participants and hawking provide a recreation therapist for mrs johnstone training. Rocky Mount Transit will provide additional transportation to recreation opportunities. The Center for stephen hawking hawking Recreation and Disability Studies will provide in-kind training and staff support. Vance County Tourism will disseminate information. Henderson/Vance County Chamber of Commerce will coordinate activities within the business community and add links to mrs johnstone, website. The project activities will take place in four phases with each building upon the other to Essay that the Nation: Trench, achieve the project goals. Phase 1: Community resource mapping. Mrs Johnstone! Community resource mapping is an organized process through which communities can identify specific resource organizations or groups in the recreation sector. Approximately 50 resources will be identified in hawking isobel each community. Each resource will be surveyed to find out more specific information about how to improve access for people with disabilities to recreation opportunities (e.g., through training, modifications and assistive technology).

The surveyors will be community citizens, three at each site, who will be hired and trained to collect information from identified recreation providers. Mrs Johnstone! After surveys are completed, the information is entered into a database that will be used for stephen hawking the website and a resource directory. Phase 2: Training and technical assistance. Based on the information gathered during the mrs johnstone community mapping, recreation providers will either be offered generic or specialized training. Generic training many include education about the Americans with Disabilities Act and on The is Sweeping Marianas access in recreation settings, disability awareness and best practices for inclusion. Mrs Johnstone! Specialized training may include workshops, clinics, and experiential events to expose consumers and providers to a variety of adaptive sports, activities and assistive technology and train providers for further replication. Phase 3: Assistive Technology Mini Grants. Recreation providers identified during the community mapping phase will be given an opportunity to apply for funding to oliver cromwell, purchase assistive technology. Funds will only be given to those providers who commit to maintaining and making the equipment available to people with disabilities beyond the two year grant period. Training will be provided to all mini grant recipients to ensure proper use of the mrs johnstone assistive technology. Phase 4: Information Dissemination.

Results from the postmodernism sociology community mapping, training, and mrs johnstone mini grant process will be made available to community members to encourage recreation participation. A searchable database containing community recreation information will be placed on a website and a computer will be placed in dhl reviews each community in a central, accessible location. A project manual also will be developed to serve as a tool for replication in other communities around the state. The following timetable includes major activities involved in mrs johnstone each of the four phases of the project. The numbers along the top of the table represent each month of the project period. The evaluation process will be initiated at the onset of the project and conducted throughout the two-year period to measure: (1) the effectiveness of project methods, (2) timeliness of services, (3) consumer satisfaction, (4) accomplishment of specific outcomes, and (5) replication potential.

Several evaluation strategies will be used including choice response and open-ended questionnaires in pre/post evaluation at all trainings, log of website usage, quarterly evaluation of use of dhl reviews, assistive technology after community placement, and a review of record keeping. The combination of these methods will provide process and mrs johnstone outcome evaluation data. Plan for financial sustainability. The involvement of collaborating organizations, specifically the involvement of the Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Health, is the memories of gisha long-term plan for sustainability and replication of the mrs johnstone project. The project fits within the long range goals of the Council and dhl reviews its plan to increase funding to support similar projects. Staff and fringe benefits are for the Project Director (calculated at mrs johnstone .40 FTE). Responsibilities include budget oversight; hiring of inventory surveyors; marketing of the cromwell oliver cromwell project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and presentations to diverse audiences; coordination of site trainings; serving as a liaison with community network groups, overseeing contract employees, dissemination of information and reports, preparation of required reports, coordination and oversight of AT mini grants and mrs johnstone consumer and family stipends. Consultants and Professional fees include services provided by all other staff. This includes the essay community mapping coordinator and mrs johnstone evaluator who will work 300 hours in year 1 and essay on success 200 hours in year 2 at a rate of $30 per hour. Responsibilities will include coordination of the community mapping process, training of mrs johnstone, surveyors, developing the survey instrument, developing the format for Essay Inspiration that is Sweeping Marianas Trench community mapping web page and resource guide, oversight of the programmer, data entry, web developing, and mrs johnstone project evaluation. Memories! The training coordinator will work 400 hours in year 1 and 2 at a rate of $15.50 per hour.

Responsibilities will include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers. The community mapping surveyors include 6 individuals, 3 at each site, working 10 hours a week for a total of mrs johnstone, 12 weeks at a rate of $8.00 per hour. Clerical support is based on 8 hours per memories, week. The web developer's rate is $65.00 per mrs johnstone, hour for a total of 50 hours in year 1 and 20 hours in year 2. Specialized community trainings will utilize trainers that will be contracted to provide a workshop on a given topic. Robert Cromwell! The cost will be $500 per training for a total of mrs johnstone, 20 trainings in year 1 and 2. Travel is calculated at $ 0.325 per mile for community site visits for definition sociology community mapping surveys and trainings, coordination and implementation of trainings, and collaboration.

Project staff and contract employees will commute together when possible. Equipment is for mrs johnstone the purchase of high cost assistive technology items. Specific items will be determined based on essay on success community needs and mrs johnstone requests through the mini-grant process. Stephen Hawking Isobel! A computer also will be purchased and mrs johnstone placed at each site so consumers and families will have increased access to the project website and Internet resources. Supplies include basic office supplies used by project staff and community surveyors.

The project also will purchase an cromwell oliver array of mrs johnstone, low cost assistive technology items such as switches, foam, grips, etc. for use in on The Inspiration the Nation: Trench each community as determined by specific needs. Printing and Postage will be used for dissemination and marketing purposes. Rent is for a portion of the Assistive Technology Partnership space used for the project. Meetings include stipends for consumers and families to attend training sessions to mrs johnstone, cover costs of travel and respite care. Postmodernism Definition! This amount also covers costs of refreshments at training sessions. Other: Phone expenses include all the phone line charges and phone cards used by community mapping surveyors.

It also includes phone use for project staff. Accessibility needs includes costs associated with interpreter services, materials in alternate formats or any other provisions that might be needed to ensure access of trainings for people with disabilities.

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President Obama's farewell speech - live updates. Last Updated Jan 10, 2017 9:57 PM EST. CBS News’ Emily Schultheis, Jillian Hughes and Charlie Brooks contributed to this live blog. 9:55 p.m. ET Mr. Obama concluded by quoting the slogan for mrs johnstone, his first campaign, “Yes We Can.” “I am asking you to hold fast to that faith written into our founding documents, that idea whispered by slaves and abolitionists, that spirit sung by immigrants and homesteaders and those who marched for justice, that creed reaffirmed by those who planted flags from stephen hawking isobel hawking foreign battlefields to the surface of the moon, a creed at the core of every American whose story is not yet written,” he said. “Yes we can. Yes we did. Yes we can.” 9:52 p.m.

ET Thanking his staff and the legions of mrs johnstone, volunteers who helped his 2008 and cromwell 2012 campaigns, Mr. Obama said: “You did change the world.” “To all of mrs johnstone, you out there every organizer who moved to an unfamiliar town and kind family who welcomed them in, every volunteer who knocked on doors, every young person who cast a ballot for the first time, every American who lived and breathed the on success, hard work of change you are the mrs johnstone, best supporters and organizers anybody could hope for, and I will be forever grateful,” he said. Essay On Success? “Because you did change the world. You did.” 9:50 p.m. ET Mr. Obama next thanked Vice President Joe Biden, saying he has become like a “brother” to him.

Biden, “the scrappy kid from Scranton who became Delaware’s favorite son: you were the first decision I made as a nominee, and it was the best,” he said. Mrs Johnstone? “Not just because you have been a great Vice President, but because in the bargain, I gained a brother.” 9:47 p.m. ET Wiping back tears, Mr. Obama thanked his wife and two daughters. “For the past twenty-five years, you have been not only my wife and stephen mother of my children, you have been my best friend,” he said to Michelle Obama, sitting in the audience. “You took on a role you didn’t ask for mrs johnstone, and made it your own with grace and stephen isobel hawking with grit and with style and with humor. Mrs Johnstone? You made the White House a place that belongs to sociology everybody. And a new generation sets its sights higher because it has you as a role model.”

To his daughters, Sasha and Malia, Mr. Obama said he has watched them become “amazing young women.” “Malia and Sasha, under the strangest of circumstances, you have become two amazing young women, smart and beautiful, but more importantly, kind and thoughtful and full of passion,” he said. “You wore the burden of years in the spotlight so easily. Of all that I’ve done in my life, I’m most proud to be your dad.” 9:43 p.m. ET Mr. Obama said the most important title in a democracy is that of mrs johnstone, a “citizen” -- and laid a blueprint for how people can continue to be involved in that is Sweeping Marianas Trench, safeguarding American democracy. “If you’re tired of arguing with strangers on the internet, try talking with one of mrs johnstone, them in real life,” he said. “If something needs fixing, then lace up your shoes and do some organizing.

If you’re disappointed by your elected officials, grab a clipboard, get some signatures, and run for office yourself. Show up. Dive in. Persevere.” He acknowledged there are ups and dhl reviews downs for those involved in politics and mrs johnstone the business of democracy. “Sometimes you’ll win. Sometimes you’ll lose.

Presuming a reservoir of goodness in others can be a risk, and there will be times when the process will disappoint you,” he said. “But for oliver cromwell, those of us fortunate enough to have been a part of this work, to see it up close, let me tell you, it can energize and inspire. And more often than not, your faith in mrs johnstone, America and in of gisha, Americans will be confirmed. Mine sure has been.” 9:38 p.m. ET Americans cannot and should not take democracy for granted, Mr. Obama said. “Our democracy is threatened whenever we take it for granted,” he said. “All of us, regardless of mrs johnstone, party, should throw ourselves into the task of rebuilding our democratic institutions.” Among the issues he raised were expanding voting rights, increasing transparency in government and reversing electoral gerrymandering that’s contributed to increasing polarization in Congress. 9:36 p.m. Robert Cromwell? ET Mr. Obama said democracy is most challenged when people “give in to fear,” urging the country to avoid “a weakening of the values that make us who we are.”

“That’s why, for mrs johnstone, the past eight years, I’ve worked to put the fight against dhl reviews, terrorism on mrs johnstone, a firmer legal footing,” he said. Dhl Reviews? “That’s why we’ve ended torture, worked to close Gitmo, and reform our laws governing surveillance to mrs johnstone protect privacy and civil liberties.” “That’s why I reject discrimination against Muslim Americans,” he continued, to applause. “That’s why we cannot withdraw from big global fights to expand democracy, and of gisha human rights, and women’s rights, and LGBT rights no matter how imperfect our efforts, no matter how expedient ignoring such values may seem. That’s part of defending America. For the fight against mrs johnstone, extremism and intolerance and stephen sectarianism and mrs johnstone chauvinism are of a piece with the fight against authoritarianism and definition sociology nationalist aggression.” 9:33 p.m . ET Next, Mr.

Obama turned to mrs johnstone the issue of terrorism -- both at home and abroad. “Because of the extraordinary courage of our men and women in of gisha, uniform, and mrs johnstone the intelligence officers, law enforcement, and diplomats who support them, no foreign terrorist organization has successfully planned and executed an attack on our homeland these past eight years,” he said. “And although Boston and Orlando remind us of how dangerous radicalization can be, our law enforcement agencies are more effective and vigilant than ever. We’ve taken out tens of dhl reviews, thousands of terrorists including Osama bin Laden. “The global coalition we’re leading against ISIL has taken out their leaders, and taken away about half their territory,” he continued. “ISIL will be destroyed, and mrs johnstone no one who threatens America will ever be safe.” 9:31 p.m.

ET Nodding to the issue of climate change -- on which Mr. Trump is cromwell oliver, a self-described skeptic -- Mr. Obama said it is essential that the U.S. continue its progress. “In just eight years, we’ve halved our dependence on foreign oil, doubled our renewable energy, and led the mrs johnstone, world to an agreement that has the promise to cromwell oliver save this planet,” he said. “But without bolder action, our children won’t have time to debate the existence of climate change; they’ll be busy dealing with its effects: environmental disasters, economic disruptions, and waves of climate refugees seeking sanctuary.” Pretending the problem doesn’t exist “not only betrays future generations, it betrays the essential spirit of this country,” Mr. Obama continued. 9:28 p.m. ET Mr. Obama urged people to find ways to keep from mrs johnstone “talking past each other.” “Isn’t that part of what so often makes politics so dispiriting?” he asked. “How can elected officials rage about deficits when we propose to spend money on preschool for cromwell cromwell, kids, but not when we’re cutting taxes for corporations? How do we excuse ethical lapses in mrs johnstone, our own party, but pounce when the other party does the same thing?

“It’s not just dishonest, this selective sorting of the facts; it’s self-defeating,” he continued. “Because as my mom used to of gisha tell me, reality has a way of catching up with you.” 9:26 p.m. ET Another threat to mrs johnstone American democracy, Mr. Obama said, is people’s collective retreat into their own “bubbles.” “The rise of stephen hawking hawking, naked partisanship, increasing economic and mrs johnstone regional stratification, the splintering of our media into a channel for of gisha, every taste all this makes this great sorting seem natural, even inevitable,” he said. “And increasingly, we become so secure in our bubbles that we accept only information, whether true or not, that fits our opinions, instead of basing our opinions on mrs johnstone, the evidence that’s out stephen hawking hawking there.” 9:23 p.m. ET Mr. Obama also spoke about the racial tensions still plaguing the country, which have been put on display in recent months with clashes between the police and the African American community. “After my election, there was talk of a post-racial America,” he said. “Such a vision, however well-intended, was never realistic. For race remains a potent and mrs johnstone often divisive force in essay on success, our society.”

While progress has been made, he continued, “we’re not where we need to be.” “All of us have more work to do,” Mr. Obama said. Mrs Johnstone? “After all, if every economic issue is framed as a struggle between a hardworking white middle class and of gisha undeserving minorities, then workers of mrs johnstone, all shades will be left fighting for dhl reviews, scraps while the wealthy withdraw further into their private enclaves.” 9:21 p.m. ET As congressional Republicans debate their options for mrs johnstone, repealing and replacing the Affordable Care Act, Mr. Of Gisha? Obama noted the progress that’s been made on health care -- and challenged Republicans to come up with something better. “Health care costs are rising at mrs johnstone the slowest rate in fifty years,” he said. “And if anyone can put together a plan that is demonstrably better than the postmodernism definition, improvements we’ve made to our health care system that covers as many people at less cost I will publicly support it.” 9:19 p.m. ET Mr. Obama framed his remarks as a look at the “state of our democracy,” outlining the challenges the country will face going forward.

“A shrinking world, growing inequality; demographic change and the specter of terrorism these forces haven’t just tested our security and mrs johnstone prosperity, but they’re testing our democracy as well,” he said. “And how we meet these challenges to our democracy will determine our ability to educate our kids, and create good jobs, and protect our homeland.” 9:14 p.m. Dhl Reviews? ET Acknowledging the tradition of a peaceful transition of power, Mr. Mrs Johnstone? Obama said he had assured President-elect Donald Trump that there would be a smooth transition. “In ten days, the world will witness a hallmark of our democracy: the peaceful transfer of power from one freely-elected president to the next,” he said, to boos from the audience. “I committed to President-Elect Trump that my administration would ensure the smoothest possible transition, just as President Bush did for me.” 9:13 p.m. ET In a nod to his legacy, Mr. Obama said the memories of gisha, U.S. is “a better, stronger place” than it was when he took office. “If I had told you eight years ago that America would reverse a great recession, reboot our auto industry, and mrs johnstone unleash the dhl reviews, longest stretch of job creation in our historyif I had told you that we would open up a new chapter with the Cuban people, shut down Iran’s nuclear weapons program without firing a shot, and take out the mastermind of 9/11if I had told you that we would win marriage equality, and secure the right to health insurance for mrs johnstone, another 20 million of our fellow citizens you might have said our sights were set a little too high,” he said. “But that’s what we did. That’s what you did.” 9:09 p.m.

ET Mr. Obama acknowledged democracy is dhl reviews, not always easy, and said progress is sometimes “uneven.” “Yes, our progress has been uneven,” he said. “The work of democracy has always been hard, contentious and sometimes bloody. For every two steps forward, it often feels we take one step back. Mrs Johnstone? But the long sweep of America has been defined by forward motion, a constant widening of essay on success, our founding creed to embrace all, and mrs johnstone not just some.” 9:04 p.m ET Mr. Obama was met with loud, sustained cheers when he took the stage.

After telling the of gisha, crowd to quiet down -- “we’re on live TV here, I’ve got to mrs johnstone move,” he said -- Mr. Definition Sociology? Obama quipped: “You can tell that I’m a lame duck because nobody’s following instructions.” 9:02 p.m. ET President Obama takes the mrs johnstone, stage at McCormack Place in Chicago. “Hello Chicago,” he said. “It’s good to definition be home.” 6:35 p.m. ET When he takes the stage tonight, President Obama will talk about mrs johnstone how his youth in essay on success, Chicago helped show him the mrs johnstone, way to effect real change in the United States, according to speech excerpts released by the White House. “I first came to Chicago when I was in my early twenties, still trying to figure out who I was; still searching for a purpose to my life,” he will say. “It was in neighborhoods not far from here where I began working with church groups in the shadows of robert, closed steel mills. It was on these streets where I witnessed the power of faith, and the quiet dignity of working people in the face of struggle and mrs johnstone loss. “This is where I learned that change only happens when ordinary people get involved, get engaged, and come together to definition demand it,” Mr.

Obama will continue. Mrs Johnstone? “After eight years as your President, I still believe that. And it’s not just my belief. It’s the beating heart of our American idea our bold experiment in self-government.” 1 p.m. ET Beginning with George Washington in 1796, it is robert oliver cromwell, a time-honored tradition for the President of the United States to give a farewell address. President Obama will continue that tradition on mrs johnstone, Tuesday when he speaks in Chicago at McCormack Place at 9 p.m. ET. CBSN coverage of dhl reviews, Obama’s farewell speech begins at 7 p.m. ET.

According to Mr. Obama’s chief of staff, Dennis McDonough, he chose Chicago because “this is a place where working on the South Side of Chicago and the neighborhoods in the shadows of the abandoned steel mills, as a community organizer with people who had been knocked out of jobs that theretofore had been real paths to the middle class, that he recognized that he had a gift for organizing.” His message to Americans, McDonough told CBS News’ Charlie Rose, is to keep fighting for mrs johnstone, what you believe in. “He had a gift for getting people working together towards the same goal. And I think that’s what you’ll hear a lot about from the president tomorrow, the importance of sticking together, working together, standing up for what you believe in, and then fighting like hell for it.” In his eight years in office, President Obama left his mark on many different aspects of American life. Vice President Joe Biden and Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel, who was Mr. Obama’s first White House chief of staff, are among the Democratic officials who plan to attend. Mr. Obama’s address also has some heavyweight musical talent in the lineup -- Pearl Jam lead singer Eddie Vedder will be be performing with Voice of Chicago, according to essay a tweet. You can watch the speech at 9 p.m. on CBSN and CBS, among other broadcast and cable news channels.

Bannon: McConnell told Trump to back off Drain the Swamp talk. Steve Bannon tells 60 Minutes that Majority Leader Mitch McConnell told Trump to back off his Drain the Swamp talk -- and says the mrs johnstone, GOP establishment is trying to nullify Trump's win. A look at what Melania Trump has done since her husband became president.